Location: Beneficial Insects Introduction Research2010 Annual Report
1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
The objectives of this cooperative research project are (1) to investigate host selection, host colonization and the nutritional ecology of the Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB), ANOPLOPHORA GLABRIPENNIS; (2) to identify ecological and behavioral traits vulnerable to intervention and development of detection, monitoring, biological control and other IPM strategies; and (3) to develop technologies and methodologies for optimally implementing these strategies into eradication and population management programs directed at ALB and closely related invasive insect pest species.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
Complementary field and laboratory studies will be conducted. (1) Comparative studies of adult ALB behavioral responsiveness to characterized formulated host odor blends of ACER MONO, ACER NEGUNDO, ACER PLATANOIDES and ACER TRUNCATUM will be evaluated in an olfactometer under laboratory conditions at BIIRU. (2) Comparative studies of adult ALB behavioral responsiveness to ACER MONO, ACER NEGUNDO, ACER PLATANOIDES and ACER TRUNCATUM trees will be evaluated in an olfactometer under laboratory conditions at BIIRU. (3) Evaluate adult ALB behavior as a function of physiological and biological factors (e.g. pre vs. post maturation; mated vs. non-mated; pre vs. post oviposition). (4) Adult ALB attraction to olfactometer active blends will be evaluated under natural field conditions in China, including evaluation of formulation, blend ratio and attractive radius. This research will collectively complement our ongoing investigations of host selection by ALB and identification of artificial lures for detection, monitoring, management and eradication of ALB; and elucidate the mechanisms of host selection and colonization by ALB.
3. Progress Report
We conducted forecasting for ALB using our degree-day model and provided updates to federal and state agencies in the Northeast Atlantic region. As a result of accurate forecasting and timely alerts, agencies optimized survey efforts for early detection of ALB. We completed development of the first degree-day model for forecasting CLB. In collaboration with Plant Protection Agencies in Italy and Holland, we are now conducting studies to validate the model and provided updates to agencies in Europe, U.S. and China. We completed development and optimization of models for predicting the distribution of ALB within infestations. Validation of the models was initiated. We initiated studies to evaluate key behaviors of native parasitoids as potential biological control agents of ALB. There is no progress to report on this project during this reporting cycle due to insufficient funding. Communication was by conference calls and email. These studies were monitored by conference calls and email communications.