1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
To fund research projects, proposal development travel, and general program costs at the ISTC in support of the ARS - Former Soviet Union Scientific Cooperation Program. Funds originate from the Department of State and are used to engage former weapons scientists in the former Soviet Union (FSU) in peaceful, agricultural projects.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
The ISTC will fund the Russian, Kazakh and Tajik sides of approved ARS research projects and provide oversight and coordination of these project. Individual projects will be implemented through individual project agreements signed by the ISTC, and FSU and ARS/EAD. ARS scientists from multiple locations will develop the proposals with FSU scientists and serve as collaborators throughout the life of the project.
3. Progress Report
Throughout the year, ARS maintained regular communications with ISTC staff and former Soviet Union scientists to finalize project agreements, review technical progress of research projects, coordinate international travel funded through the ISTC as well as approve any requested changes to project budgets. In conjunction with the participating ARS collaborators on each project, ARS reviews and approves quarterly technical reports and provides feedback to the project managers in Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. During FY10, ARS, through this agreement, supported 29 on-going ARS collaborative research projects in Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and funded two new projects with Russia. Topics of these on-going projects include research on animal and zoonotic diseases such as avian and swine influenza, foot-and-mouth disease, Newcastle disease and as well as plant diseases such as wheat rust, potato late blight and septoriosis of cereals. Funded research projects involve strategic institutes such as the Research Institute for Biological Safety Problems and the Institute of Industrial Biotechnology in Kazakhstan; the Russian Research Institute of Phytopathology, the Federal Center for Animal Health and the State Research Center for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology in Russia; the Institute of Chemistry in Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Research Institute of Livestock, Veterinary and Pastures. The ISTC also provides logistical support for ARS scientists traveling to Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan including the sponsorship of Russian visas through the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In addition, ISTC funds the international travel for FSU scientists traveling to the U.S. to develop new proposals, discuss on-going projects or participate in international conferences. List of Funded Research Projects in FY10: 1. ISTC 4070 “Search for novel microbial strains effective as biocontrol agents from extreme environments and their use in strain combinations for improved biocontrol performance” ARS: Sustainable Agricultural Systems Laboratory, Beltsville, MD Russia: All Russian Research Institute of Phytopathology, Golitsino and the All Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, Poselok. 2. ISTC 4071 “Redox mechanisms of systemic acquired resistance of plants to infective diseases” ARS: Molecular Plant Pathology Lab, Beltsville, MD Russia: All Russian Research Institute of Phytopathology, Golitsino