Project Number: 0500-00044-035-06-S
Project Type: Specific Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Sep 30, 2008
End Date: Sep 30, 2013
To monitor natural enemy densities of key moth pests in orchards with and without navel orangeworm mating disruption. Initial studies will focus on the moth pests and natural enemies found in almonds, pistachios, and walnuts, which have the greatest potential for change.
Navel orangeworm (NOW): Goal is to compare changes in NOW parasitism levels at three critical periods: (i) after the first NOW summer generation (ii) at harvest time, and (iii) during the overwintering period. At each site, a minimum of 1000 nuts will be collected and dissected for NOW or parasitoids. Peach Twig Borer: The peach twig borer adult flight periods will be monitored using pheromone traps. PTB larval infestation will be monitored at three critical periods: (i) during spring (ii) at harvest time, and (iii) during the overwintering period. Nuts will be collected to determine levels of infestation Oriental fruit moth: The oriental fruit moth (OFM) adult flight periods will be monitored using pheromone traps. OFM larvae will be collected to determine infestation levels and parasitism in a similar manner as described for PTB. Leafrollers: Populations of leafrollers including obliquebanded leafroller (OBLR), fruittree leafroller (FTLR), the filbertworm (FW), and omnivorous leafroller (OLR), will be assessed over the next 3 years, in the NOW mating disruption program. The species of moth and their infestation levels will be determined for the three regional areas of the NOW mating program. A color brochure will be developed that provides a picture key, along with some field taxonomy guides, to identify the different secondary moth larvae. A brief description of their biology and control will also be provided.