Location: Genomics and Bioinformatics Research2013 Annual Report
1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
Utilization and development of bioinformatic and genomic tools/information to support structural analysis of plant and animal genomes. This includes the generation of DNA sequences and subsequent analysis. Development and implementation of DNA markers for development of superior cultivars (e.g., superior yield, improved quality, or resistance to the biotic or abiotic factors) or germplasm/population/species characterization. Both marker data and DNA sequences will be used for genome structure analysis.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
The Genomics and Bioinformatics Research Unit conducts research in the area of genomics and bioinformatics for an array of species and topics. It also acts as a fully integrated component of the Mid South Area by providing genomics research support for an array of technologies and research projects. The support includes, but is not limited to high throughput DNA sequencing, gene expression analysis, bioinformatics, DNA marker development, BAC fingerprinting and high throughput genotyping with DNA marker. The centralization of these operations assures that all research projects in the MSA that could benefit from these genomic tools have access to the technology, that there is no unnecessary duplication of equipment within the Area, and there is maximum utilization and conservation of funding.
3. Progress Report:
As a service in-house project, progress is measured by the service provided. For the five year in-house project cycle these ARS locations had significant amount of DNA sequencing (D), high throughput sequencing (HD), genotyping (G), bioinformatics (B) and/or DNA marker development (M) processed through the Laboratory: Animal Waste Management Research Unit, Service: D Aquatic Animal Health Research Unit, Service: D, B Biological Control of Pests Research Unit, Service: D Warmwater Aquaculture Research Unit, Service: D, B, G, HD, M Commodity Utilization Research Unit, Service: D Coastal Plains Soil, Water, and Plant Research Center, Service: D Corn Host Plant Resistance Research, Service: D, B Cotton Structure and Quality Research Unit, Services: D Cotton Fiber Bioscience Research Unit, Service: D, G Crop Genetics and Production Research Unit, Service: D, G, B, M Crop Improvement and Protection Research Unit, Service: D Crop Genetics and Breeding Research, Service: D, B, M, HD Crop Germplasm Research, Service: G Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center: D, M, B Endemic Poultry Viral Disease Research Unit, Service: D, B Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit, Service: M, G Food and Feed Safty Research Unit, Service: D Food Processing and Sensory Quality Research Unit, Service: D Formosan Subterranean Termite Research Unit, Service: G Genetics and Precision Agriculture Research, Service: D, B, G Natural Products Utilization Research Unit, Service: D, HD, M National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture, Service: HD National Peanut Research Lab, Service: D, G, B, M, HD Plant Genetic Resources, Genomics and Genetic Improvement, Service: D Plant Stress and Germplasm Development Unit, Service: B Poultry Microbiological Safety Research, Service: D Southern Horticultural Laboratory, Service: G, M, B Southern Insect Management Research Unit, Service: D, G, B, HD, M Southern Weed Science Research Unit, Service: D Soybean Genomics and Improvement, Service: D, B Subtropical Horticulture Research Station, Service: B, G, M Sugarcane Field Station, Service: D, G, M Sugarcane Research Unit, Service: G Sunflower Research Unit, Service: D, HD Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Service: B, D, G, M Tropical Plant Genetic Resources and Disease Research Unit: G In addition, the in-house project was involved in several scientific efforts over the course of the project. These included but are not limited to: 1) Mapping of genes involved in sheath blight resistance and milling quality for rice; 2) Resequencing of rice lines that help lead to an advanced DNA marker format for rice breeders and identification of candidate genes for sheath blight resistance; 3) Contributed sequencing data to the completed genomes of cacao and cotton; 4) Characterization of ~2000 cotton germplasm accessions with ~100 DNA markers; 5) Developed, characterized and published on DNA markers for over 13 species; and 6) Generation of DNA sequences from ~98,779 long insert DNAs (BAC ends) of cotton for genome assembly.
Nguyen, T., Collins-Silva, J.E., Macrander, J., Yang, W., Nazarenus, T.J., Nam, J., Jaworski, J.G., Lu, C., Scheffler, B.E., Mockaitis, K., Cahoon, E.B. 2013. Camelina seed transcriptome: Tool for meal and oil improvement and translational research. Plant Biotechnology Journal. pp. 1-11.