Location: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory2011 Annual Report
1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
Serve as the information system for the documentation of plant, insect, animal, and microbial germplasm maintained by the U.S. National Genetic Resources program. Operate and enhance existing databases, create and improve linkages to other genetic resources databases, and share information and technology on documentation of genetic resources collections.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
Support will be provided to the existing GRIN databases that serve the National Genetic Resources Program to ensure that they are functional and relevant to the needs of collection managers and curators and to the germplasm user community. Upgrades will be made to the highly specialized application software, as appropriate, to ensure that it remains compatible with hardware upgrades and that it meets the requirements for germplasm maintenance and documentation and information exchange. Appropriate measures will be taken to ensure security of the databases and the data they contain. The next version of the GRIN software will be developed as a scalable portable system capable of being transfered to other genebanks in addition to allowing greater interoperability between genetic resources and biodiversity databases.
3. Progress Report
The Database Management Unit (DBMU) of the National Germplasm Resources Laboratory provides a central database for the germplasm collections within the National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS). This central database provides curator software for managing the collections as well as a portal for public access and requesting material. An essential task for the DBMU is to maintain near 24/7 availability of the system. A 98% availability target was met. A new application server was purchased and installed. The GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) system was recently moved from a 10 Mb commercial internet service provider to the 600 Mb USDA telecommunications network (UTN). In addition to maintaining the servers and current GRIN software, the DBMU is contributing to the development of a new version of the GRIN software (GRIN-Global) with ARS collaborators from the North Central Regional Plant Introduction Station (Ames, IA), Global Crop Diversity Trust, and Bioversity International. This will be a scalable version of GRIN using open source technology to better service the needs of both the NPGS and the international genetic resource management community. The 2011 phase of the project consisted of refining both the curator tool and public Web site features and functions of the system, rigorously documenting and testing the system, securing an external code review for possible security vulnerabilities, and releasing a 0.9 (advanced test) version to domestic and international clients.