1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
To fund research projects, proposal development and other project related international travel through the CRDF Grant Access Program (GAP)in support of the ARS – Former Soviet Union (FSU) Scientific Cooperation Program and the Biosecurity Engagement Program (BEP). Funds originate from the Department of State Bio-Chem Redirect Program and are used to engage former weapons scientists in the former Soviet Union (FSU) in peaceful, agricultural projects and from BEP to engage bioscientists with dual-use expertise in regions with high terrorist activity. Purpose of Funds: To fund and implement projects under the Former Soviet Union Scientific Cooperative Program, Biosecurity Engagement Program; and ARS - Iraq Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) program all originally funded by the Department of State International Security and Nonproliferation Office. Projects range in topics from plant health to animal health to food safety.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
The Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, (hereafter, “Sponsor”) supports international scientific research projects involving collaboration between U.S. and foreign scientists. The Sponsor’s collaborative research is related to civilian agricultural research and that all funds and/or materials being provided to the foreign individuals and institutions (hereafter, “Beneficiaries”) are to support or assist the Project. The Sponsor anticipates providing funds and material support (hereafter, “Project Resources”) under the program to Beneficiaries, including individual salary support, equipment and supplies, travel and institutional support. The U.S. Civilian Research & Development Foundation (hereafter, “CRDF”) has agreed to support the Sponsor’s efforts in the implementation of the Sponsor’s projects by providing financial, administrative and logistical support. The CRDF has the infrastructure and capacity to support the distribution of Project Resources to the Beneficiaries identified by the Sponsor as technical assistance to the extent allowable in the host country; ARS scientists from multiple locations will develop the proposals with their foreign counterparts and serve as collaborators throughout the life of the project and provide technical oversight.
3. Progress Report
Each year ARS receives funds from the Department of State (DOS) Biosecurity Engagement Program (BEP) to establish collaborative research projects and continue on-going research projects with DOS-recognized international science and technology (S&T) institutions on targeted research topics. ARS utilizes the CRDF GAP program to support collaborative research projects with appropriate institutions in eligible countries and associated international travel for their scientists for proposal development trips to the U.S., exchange visits under on-going projects and participation in international conferences. In addition, also with State Department funding, ARS utilized the CRDF GAP program to support the training of Iraqi scientific personnel in agricultural research previously associated with radioactive source irradiation. This project helped Iraq access a safer and more reliable food supply with an emphasis on building agricultural research capacity that does not include potentially dangerous radioactive sources. Uzbekistan: During FY10, ARS continued to support six on-going research projects through CRDF and funded the three new projects between ARS and Uzbek counterparts listed below: 1. 31031 “Improvement of Cotton for Tolerance to Wilt, Salinity and Earliness” ARS: Crop Genetics and Production Research, Stoneville, MS Uzbekistan: Institute of Genetics and Plant Experimental Biology, Tashkent 2. 31032 “Effects of Agricultural Practices on Evaporation, Transpiration, Yield and Water Quality” ARS: Conservation & Production Research Laboratory, Bushland, Texas Uzbekistan: Uzbekistan National Cotton Growing Research Institute, Tashkent and Uzbek Scientific Research Institute of Veterinary, Samarkand 3. 31034 “Biological Control of Verticillium Wilt in Cotton” ARS: Cotton Pathology Research, College Station, TX Uzbekistan: Institute of Microbiology and Institute of Chemistry of Plant Compounds, Tashkent Indonesia: ARS funded three projects with Indonesia through CRDF GAP in FY10: 1. 31033 “Molecular Epidemiology of Newcastle disease viruses in Indonesia: Focus on Historical Cases and New Clinical Cases for all productive sectors of Western Indonesia” ARS: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Athens, GA Indonesia: Indonesian Central Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Bogor 2. 31035 “Molecular Epidemiology of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) Circulating in Commercial Poultry in East Indonesia” ARS: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Athens, GA Indonesia: : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Airlangga university and Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Surabaya 3. 31039 “Molecular Epidemiology of Newcastle disease viruses in Indonesia: Surveillance of birds in live bird markets. ARS: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Athens, GA Indonesia: Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor