1a. Objectives (from AD-416)
1) Assess the extent and impacts of cheatgrass/medusahead and their management on ecosystems; 2) Demonstrate state-of-the-art management strategies; 3) Conduct research to overcome barriers to the project’s success, enhance the project, and fill information-gaps; 4) Provide education and technology transfer to those managing land in the Great Basin; and 5) Create decision-support products and tools that will have a sustained impact on managing cheatgrass/medusahead in the Great Basin and surrounding ecosystems into the future.
1b. Approach (from AD-416)
We will achieve this objective by combining the principles and concepts of EBIPM with state-of-the-art site-specific management of cheatgrass and medusahead infested rangeland and apply these strategies in 2-3 key watersheds in California, Idaho, Oregon, Nevada, and Utah.
3. Progress Report
We have 5 watersheds in 5 states with working groups established and plans for initiating our tests and demonstrations this fall. We are working very closely with 5 Universities and 4 ARS locations. We have strategically combined large-scale tests with associated small scale tests of principles for annual grass management. All of the work is conducted in a statistically and scientifically testable way. All watersheds are poised to implement treatments beginning fall 2008. Everyone is making great strides at each watershed. We have hire two post doc's; one to implement the demonstration of management and one to develop decision-making tools and conduct outreach. We have executed one SCA with University of Nevada which focuses on the social and economic aspects of annual grasses and the areawide project's impact on solving this problem. We have committed funds from the areawide project to ARS-Logan for some of their cooperative work. I expect to do the same with ARS-Boise soon. We have integrated this project with CEAP. I am currently negotiating an SCA with UC Davis and UNR (University of Nevada-Reno) for their portion of the project. This project was started in October of 2007 and since then negotiations with locations have been underway. Tests and demonstrations should start in the fall of 2008. This research addresses the Pest Control Technologies; Weed Management Systems; and Biology and Ecology of Serious Weeds and other Invasive Plants components of the Action Plan for NP 304, Crop Protection and Quarantine.
1. This project started in October 2007. No accomplishments to report.
5. Significant Activities that Support Special Target Populations
This demonstration and studies may all potentially benefit small farms (including ranching families and holders of grazing allotments on public land) by maintaining the quality and quantity of the forage base, and by increasing the profitability of pasture and hay production.