Location: Food and Feed Safety Research
Project Number: 6435-41420-006-04-A
Project Type: General Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Sep 28, 2007
End Date: Jul 31, 2012
Sequence the whole genome of Aspergillus flavus and analyze the genome in comparison with closely related Aspergillus species such as A. oryzae in their genome structure, gene sets, and gene functions. Construct whole genome Aspergillus flavus microarray and whole genome Aspergillus flavus/peanut microarray. Perform high throughput gene profiling and functional genomics studies using these microarray resources.
Aspergillus flavus genome size is about 36 Mega basepairs. Genomic DNA will be isolated and size-fractionated. Different libraries with 40 kb, 10 kb and 2 kb DNA inserts will be constructed. Sequence will be determined by shotgun sequencing strategy and assembled by J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) assembler software. The sequence will be annotated and the putative coding sequences will be identified with the help of the A. flavus and A. oryzae Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) data as well as A. oryzae gene model. Comparative analysis of the A. flavus genome will be made in reference to the A. oryzae genome using the Sybil software developed by JCVI. The A. flavus whole genome oligo microarray will be designed according to the annotated putative coding sequences. Those unique genes in A. oryzae but absent in A. flavus will be included in addition to some of the identified corn genes that showed resistance to A. flavus infection in the whole genome microarray design. A total of over 20,000 peanut EST sequences that represents about 10,000 unique peanut ESTs will be cleaned and assembled at JCVI. 70mer oligoes will be designed from these unique ESTs for a comprehensive peanut/A. flavus microarray construction. This microarray will include all of the currently available peanut ESTs and identified peanut genes, all genes in the A. flavus whole genome, unique set of genes in the A. oryzae genome, and some corn genes of interest as well. Gene profiling experiments and related high throughput functional genomics studies will be performed at JCVI in the cooperator’s laboratory.