1a. Objectives (from AD-416):
The intent of this Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is to strengthen the cooperation between the Participants and focus the mutal interest in the broad areas of science and technology, including: animal science, plant science, soil science, agriculture, natural resources management, nutrition, aquaculture and other additional fields as may be mutally decided upon by the Participants.
1b. Approach (from AD-416):
This MOU is intended to serve as a framework for discussion and coordination in matters related to agriculture and naturalresource management, and to facilitate collaborative activities between the Participants in matters of science andtechnology. All collaborative activities are subject to the mutual agreement of the Participants and may be described in, and subject to, individual plans of work delineating arrangements between participants that are specific for each activity. In general, cooperation may be effected through exchange of materials and information; exchange of scientists, specialists, and trainees; development of projects of mutual interest between ARS scientists and ARC scientists; organization of symposia and workshops; and joint publication of studies and reports. The Participants may assign such members of theirstaff as may be required to meet its responsibilities, as well as aid in planning and jointly developing projects of mutual interest. Participants may jointly explore and coordinate research, exchanges, traiing, and development activities of mutual interest,which would be implemented by mutual understanding and in conformity with the regulations and policies of both Participants.
3. Progress Report:
ARS cooperation with ARC research institutes continued to be very fruitful this year. Collaborations included: 1) Cooperation with Crop Protection Division, Pretoria, South Africa, to identify unusual common scab-causing isolates from South Africa through exchange DNA samples and data; 2) Collaborations with scientists at the Agricultural Research Council, Research Station, Queenswood, Pretoria, South Africa involved research projects on the identification and classification of economically important mite species; 3) to identify Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV) antigenic epitopes and improve the infectious cDNA technology to produce recombinant FMDV with advanced biological properties and antigenic coverage as seed viruses in the production of inactivated vaccine antigens; 4) collaboration with the ARC Infuitec-Nietvoorbij, Disease Management Division in South Africa, to perform research on the intercontinental population structure on Eutypa lata in grape-growing regions of the world; 5) Scientists from ARC continue to provide pathology support and ARS scientists continue to contribute genetic marker analyses in a collaborative effort to study relationships among genes which affect resistance to bacterial blight diseases in common bean; 6) ARS scientists continued cooperating with ARC-Animal Improvement Institute scientists to finalize publications arising from their cooperation on “Detection of Quantitative Trait Loci and Marker Assisted Introgression in Beef Cattle”; 7) Cooperative research on Codling Moth with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the ARC to compare mixed gender and male-only releases of sterile moths for lepidopteran sterile insect technology (SIT) programs and to develop quality control bioassays.