Location: Animal Disease Research
Project Number: 5348-32000-026-00-D
Project Type: Appropriated
Start Date: Dec 13, 2006
End Date: Oct 17, 2011
The project has 4 objectives: (1) Identify conformational and biological correlates of strain variation in the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, (2) Identify genetic factors associated with horizontal transmission efficiency and susceptibility to the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (3) Characterize the influence of genetics, strain, and multiple births on placental transmission of small ruminant TSEs; and (4) Devise a model system for assessing methods to reduce persistent environmental contaminations by prions.
The current proposal addresses methods for characterizing and controlling classical and novel transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs)of domestic sheep and of farmed and free ranging deer and elk. The project includes discovery of unique identifiers for the North American TSE strain of small and wild ruminants and development of standardized methods suitable for use by the federal diagnostic reference laboratory and federally approved diagnostic laboratories. The genetic basis for relative transmission efficiency between and within the affected species, a critical element in design of control programs, will be is addressed through identification of haplotypes associated with naturally occurring disease. Allelic frequencies and disease associations are determined from tissue samples of naturally infected sheep, goats, deer, and elk. Genomic DNA is analyzed for the sequence of genomic regions including Prnp, Prnd, and Prnp' (when applicable). Samples of brain from infected animals are evaluated for relatively large changes in the apparent molecular weight of the proteinase K resistant core and for changes in the relative abundance of the variously glycosylated isoforms. The distribution and processing of disease associated PrP will be examined with a panel of monoclonal antibodies using single and double label immunohistochemistry assay. Samples with novel genotypes or prion protein isoforms will be evaluated in vivo when applicable. If novel strains are identified by these methods, standardized reagents and protocols for rapid strain typing of field samples will be developed and transferred to the national reference laboratory and the federally approved veterinary diagnostic laboratories. The role of the shed placenta and other environmental factors in TSE transmission and prion persistence will be examined. BL-1; 09-04-06. Replaced 5348-32000-021-00D and part of 5348-32000-019-00D (11/06)