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Nutrition Abstracts
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Reprints of many of these articles are available, and may be requested from


Waterman, R.C., Geary, T.W., Paterson, J.A., Ansotegui, R.P., Lipsey, R.J. 2006. Performance of early weaned (~80 d) vs normal weaned (~ 215 d) calves in the Northern Great Plains. Journal of Animal Science 84(Suppl. 2):56.

Richardson, K.D., Kelly, W.L., Reil, M.S., Waterman, R.C., Lodge-Ivey, S.L. 2006. Effects of leafy spurge (euphorbia esula) on ruminant gas production and in vitro digestion. Journal of Animal Science 84(Suppl. 2):139.

Richardson, K.D., Silva, J.B., Waterman, R.C., Kelly, W.L., Reil, M.S., Ivey, S.L. 2006. Comparative effects of leafy spurge on rumen bacterial ecology of the bovine and ovine. American Society for Microbiology Abstract #N-213.

Grings, E.E. 2006. Use of in vitro gas production techniques to evaluate associative effects of forages. Society for Range Management Abstract #134.

Grings, E.E., Waterman, R.C. 2005. Inoculum source effects on in vitro gas production of forages. American Society of Animal Science 83(Suppl. 1):148.

Alexander, W.L., Ansotegui, R.P., Spickard, D.S., Swenson, C.K., Grings, E.E., and Geary, T.W. 2003. Effect of supplemental trace mineral level and form on periupubertal bulls. Theriogenology SFT Annual Conference and Symposium. p. 31-32.

Grings, E.E., Short, R.E. and Heitschmidt, R.K. 2003. Effects of calving date and weaning age on cow and calf production in the Northern Great Plains. J. Anim. Sci. 81:169. Abstract #662.

Blummel, M., Short, R.E., and Grings, E.E.  2002.  Comparison of elk (Cervus elaphus) fecal and rumen microbial suspension to predict feed degradation and adaptation.  J. Anim. Sci. 80(Suppl. 2): 143.

Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., Geary, T.W., and MacNeil, M.D.  2002.  Heifer development within three seasons of calving.  J. Anim. Sci. 80(Suppl. 2):120.

Lawler, T.L., Taylor, J.B., Grings, E.E., Finley, J.W., and Caton, J.S.  2002.  Selenium concentration and distribution in range forages from four locations in the Northern Great Plains .  J. Anim. Sci. 80(Suppl. 2):115.

Phillips, W.A., Grings, E.E., Coleman, S.W., Short, R.E., Riley, D.G., Chase, C.C., Mayeux, H.S., and Heitschmidt, R.K.  2002.  Winter and spring performance of steer calves reared in temperate or sub-tropic environments and used as stockers on winter wheat pastures in Oklahoma .  J. Anim. Sci. 80(Suppl. 2):147.

Bl?mmel, M., K. -H. S?dekum, and E.E. Grings. 2001. Predicting the efficiency of ruminal microbial production of silage-based diets. Proc. Soc. Nutr. Physiol. 10:31.

Bl?mmel, M., Grings, E.E., Moss, A.R., and Givens, D.I. 2001. A mechanistic approach to the estimation of intake of ruminants by methane excretion and in vitro fermentation characteristics. J. Anim. Sci. Suppl. 79(Suppl. 2):137.

Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., Blummel, M., MacNeil, M.D., and Bellows, R.A. 2001. Prepartum supplementation with protein or fat and protein for grazing cows in three seasons of calving. J. Amer. Sci. Suppl. 79(Suppl. 2):141.

Bl?mmel, M.R. and Grings, E.E. 2000. Relationship between esophageal diet samples, clipped forage samples, and weight gain of steers. J. Anim. Sci. 78 (Suppl. 1): 102.

Bl?mmel, M.R., Grings, E.E., and Haferkamp, M.R. 2000. Predicting weight gain of grazing steers by the kinetics of in vitro gas production of extrusa samples fermented in nitrogen supplemented and unsupplemented incubation medium. European Assoc. of Anim. Production Symposium p. 19-20.

Grings, E.E. and Poland, W.W. 2000. Effect of hay source and level on tissue trace mineral concentrations in growing steers. J. Anim. Sci. 78 (Suppl. 2):114.

Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., and Heitschmidt, R.K. 2000. Effects of season of calving and weaning age on cow and calf production through weaning. J. Anim. Sci. 78 (Suppl. 2):117.

Short, R.E., Grosz, M.D., MacNeil, M.D., and Grings, E.E. 2000. Effects of muscularity on pelvic area and efficiency in Hereford, Limousin and Piedmontese F2 crossbred calves genotyped for the Piedmontese myostatin allele. European Assoc. of Animal Production. p. 9.

Grings, E.E., Heitschmidt, R.K., Short, R.E., and Haferkamp, M.R. 1999. Dietary composition for grazing cattle of varying age and sex. Ann.Mtg.Soc.Range Manage. 52:25.

Rule, D.C., Short, R.E., Grosz, M.D., and MacNeil, M.D. 1999. Breed effects on cholesterol and fatty acids in longissimus muscle of Hereford, Limousin, and Piedmontese F2 crossbred cattle at slaughter. J. Anim. Sci. 77 (Suppl. 1):166.

Daniels, T.K., Sowell, B.F., Bowman, J.G.P., Grings, E.E., and MacNeil, M.D. 1998. Effects of cow age and liquid supplement delivery method on forage and supplement intake by cows grazing native range. J. Anim. Sci. 76 (Suppl. 1):191.

Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., and Heitschmidt, R.K. 1998. Evaluation of supplementation for growing cattle grazing native rangeland. J. Anim. Sci. 76 (Suppl. 1):280.

Sowell, B.F., Bowman, J.G.P., Sherwood, H., and Grings, E.E. 1998. Radio frequency technology for supplement feeding behavior by range cows. Ann.Mtg.Soc.Range Manage. 51:13.

Grings, E.E., Heitschmidt, R.K., Short, R.E., Hould, B.S., and Bellows, N.R. 1996. Management strategies for grazing yearling cattle in the Northern Great Plains. Proc. of the III Grazing Livestock Nutrition Conference. P. 145.

Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., and Adams, D.C.1995. Influence of sire growth potential on intake by steers throughout the summer months. J. Anim. Sci. 73(Suppl. 1):336.

Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., and Adams, D.C.1995. Effect of sire breed on intake of grazing beef steers. IVth International Symposium on the Nutrition of Herbivores. AZOOA, 44(Suppl. 1):266.

Grings, E.E., Short, R.E., and Adams, D.C.1994. Effect of protein supplementation and sire breed on performance of steers grazing irrigated pastures in the fall. J. Anim. Sci. 72(Suppl. 1):222.

Grings, E.E., Hould, B.S. and Short, R.E. 1994. Diets of suckling calves and yearling steers on Northern Great Plains rangeland. Ann.Mtg.Soc.Range Manage., Colorado Springs, CO. 47:20.

Grings, E.E., Short, R.E. and Adams, D.C.1993. Use of a chromic oxide bolus to determine fecal output in suckling calves. J. Anim. Sci. 71(Suppl. 1):285.

Grings, E.E., Haferkamp, M.R. and Heitschmidt, R.K. 1993. Mineral dynamics of forage grasses in the Northern Great Plains. Ann.MeetingSoc.Range Manage. Albuquerque, NM., 46:58.

Adams, D.C., Staigmiller, R.B., Knapp, B.W. and Lamb, J.W. 1992. Production of two biological types of cattle on native or seeded rangeland. Ann.Mtg.Soc.Range Manage., Spokane, WA. 45:56.

Adams, D.C., Short, R.E. and Knapp, B.W. 1991. Body condition and supplement effects on performance and behavior of grazing beef cows. Ann.Mtg.Soc.RangeManage., Washington, D.C. 44:17.

Adams, D.C., Short, R.E. and MacNeil, M.D. 1990. Fecal output estimation with an intra-ruminal continuous release marker device. Ann, Mtg.Soc.Range Manage., Reno, NV. 43:92.

Ward, M.G., Adams, D.C., Wallace, J.D., Galyean, M.L. and Currie, P.O. 1988. Energy supplementation and monensin for steers grazing native range. J. Anim. Sci. 66(Suppl. 1):197.

Ward, M.G. and Adams, D.C.1987. Effect of supplementation time on steers in drylot. J. Anim. Sci. 65(Suppl. 1):335.

Adams, D.C. and Short, R.E. 1986. Effects of cow size and energy status on performance and behavior of cows foraging fall- winter range. Ann.Mtg.Soc.Range Manage., Kissimmee, FL. 39:ll3.

Cochran, R.C., Adams, D.C., Kreikemeir, K.K., Killen, S.A., and Power, M.H. 1986. Influence of feeding frequency, carrying medium of particulate markers and rumen evacuation versus marker dilution procedures for estimating particle turnover rates. J. Anim. Sci. 63(Suppl. 1):448.

Cochran, R.C., Adams, D.C., Wallace, J.D., Galyean, M.L. and Currie, P.O. 1984. Cubed alfalfa hay or cottonseed meal-barley as protein supplements for beef cattle grazing fall- winter range. J. Anim. Sci. 59(Suppl. 1):281.

Newman, C.W. and Elliott, D.O. 1980. Supplemental pyridoxine, biotin and choline in gestation diets of first parity cows. J. Anim. Sci. 51(Suppl. I):215.

Kartchner, R.J., Rittenhouse, L.R. and Raleigh, R.J. 1976. Factors influencing forage intake in spring- and fall-born calves. J. Anim. Sci. 43(Suppl. I):266.

Varner, L.W., Denham, A.H., McCone, W.C., Nelms, G.E., Smith, W.H., Ward, J.K. and Cash, E.H. 1976. Methionine hydroxy analog additions to diets of beef cows. J. Anim. Sci. 41:278.

Newman, C.W. and Elliott, D.O. 1975 Lysine and methionine in barley-soy pig diets. J. Anim. Sci. 41:323.

Varner, L.W. and Bellows, R.A. 1974. Influence of weaning time and ration energy level upon steer performance. J. Anim. Sci. 39:l6l.

Varner, L.W., Bellows, R.A. and Christensen, D.S. 1973 Winter management of replacement heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 37:l203.

Varner, L.W., Bellows, R.A. and Oltjen, R.R. 1973. Supplemental methionine hydroxy analog for beef cows. J. Anim. Sci. 37:358.

Bellows, R.A., Gibson, R.B., Thomas, O.O. and Pahnish, O. F. 1968. Grain supplement-forage production relationships in range cow reproduction. J. Anim. Sci. 27:1103.


USDA, ARS Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory

243 Fort Keogh Rd., Miles City, MT  59301-4016

Phone: 406-874-8200, Fax:  406-874-8289