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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Monitoring Manuals
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Monitoring Manuals

Monitoring Manual 
for Grassland, Shrubland and Savanna Ecosystems

Quick Start (Volume I) Reprinted 2009

Volume II: Design, supplementary methods and interpretation Reprinted 2009


Volume II Contents

Table of Contents

Section I

Section II (Methods)

Section III

Section IV




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Rangeland Health

The Jornada Experimental Range co-developed a qualitative assessment protocol for rangelands (Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health), which is being applied globally. In this protocol, evaluators assess three ecosystem attributes by rating 17 indicators tied to the attributes. The ecosystem attributes are: soil and site stability, biotic integrity and hydrological function.

Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health - by M. Pellant, P. Shaver, J.E. Herrick. 2005. TR 1734-6. Bureau of Land Management. 121pp.

PowerPoint Presentations from Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health Broadcast, April 2006

Introduction: What This Broadcast Will Cover
Part I: What's the Reference?
Reference Sheet Development
Evaluation Matrix
Quantitative Data
Applications and Constraints
What's Next

African Manual

Simplified monitoring methods, originally developed for rural Africa.

Monitoring Rangeland Health: a Guide for Pastoralist Communities and Other Land Managers in Eastern Africa, Version II.

Supporting Literature for Monitoring

Monitoring the Vegetation Resources in Riparian Areas - by Alma H. Winward. 2000. RMRS-GTR-47. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Rocky Mountain Research Station. 49pp.

A Dynamic Cone Penetrometer for Measuring Soil Penetration Resistance - by Jeffrey E. Herrick and Tim L. Jones published in Soil Science Society of America Journal, 66:1320-1324, 2002.

Soil Aggregate Stability Kit - Reprinted from CATENA, Vol 44, 2001, pp 27-35, J.E. Herrick et al. "Field soil aggregate stability kit for soil quality and rangeland health evaluations" with permission from Elsevier Science. (Catena Internet site is .) Single copies of the article can be downloaded and printed for the reader's personal research and study.  Reproduction of this material is confined to the purpose for which permission is hereby given and excludes use in any electronic form other than on the World Wide Web.
Suelo: estabilidad en agua (v: 27/8/01) (Spanish version)

Supporting Literature for Assessment

Rangeland Health Attributes and Indicators for Qualitative Assessment - by David A. Pyke, Jeffrey E. Herrick, Patrick Shaver and Mike Pellant published in the Journal of Range Management, 55:584-597, November 2002.

Riparian Area Management: Process for Assessing Proper Functioning Condition - by D.J. Prichard, H. Barret, J. Cagney, R. Clark, J. Fogg, K. Gebhardt, P. Hansen, B. Mitchell and D. Tippy. 1998. TR 1737-9. Bureau of Land Management. 60pp.


Riparian Area Management: A User Guide to Assessing Proper Functioning Condition and the Supporting Science for Lotic Areas - by D. Prichard, J. Anderson, C. Correll, J. Fogg, K. Gebhardt, R. Krapf, S. Leonard, B. Mitchell and J. Staats. 1998. TR 1737-15. U.S. Dept. of Interior - Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of Agriculture - Forest Service and USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. 126pp.


Rangeland Soil Quality Information Sheets

Rangeland Soil Quality - Introduction
Rangeland Soil Quality - Indicators for Assessment and Monitoring
Rangeland Soil Quality - Aggregate Stability
Rangeland Soil Quality - Compaction
Rangeland Soil Quality - Infiltration
Rangeland Soil Quality - Organic Matter
Rangeland Soil Quality - Physical and Biological Soil Crusts
Rangeland Soil Quality - Soil Biota
Rangeland Soil Quality - Water Erosion
Rangeland Soil Quality - Wind Erosion

Last Modified: 8/13/2016
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