Dr. David Augustine
|B.A.||Environmental Science and Policy|
|M.S.||Wildlife Conservation||1997||University of Minnesota|
Dr. Augustine's research interests include plant-herbivore interactions, the ecology and management of semi-arid rangelands, and conservation biology. His current research examines interactions among cattle, prescribed fire, and prairie dogs in shortgrass steppe, and the effects of these disturbance processes on vegetation heterogeneity and native grassland birds.
Raynor, E.J., S.P. Gersie, M.B. Stephenson, P.E. Clark, S.A. Spiegal, R.K. Boughton, D.W. Bailey, A. Cibils, B.W. Smith, J.D. Derner, R.E. Estell, R.M. Nielson, D.J. Augustine. 2021. Cattle Grazing Distribution Patterns Related to Topography Across Diverse Rangeland Ecosystems of North America. Rangeland Ecology & Management 75: 91–103
Derner, J. D, D. J. Augustine, D. D. Briske, H. Wilmer, L. M. Porensky, M. E. Fernández-Giménez , D. E. Peck, J. P. Ritten , and the CARM Stakeholder Group. 2021. Can Collaborative Adaptive Management Improve Cattle Production in Multipaddock Grazing Systems? Rangeland Ecology & Management 75:1–8
Baldwin, C. and D. Augustine. 2020. Plovers, prairie dogs, and fire: Managing semi-arid rangelands for wildlife and livestock. Great Plains Fire Exchange, GPE publication on 2020-5
Wilmer, H., D. J. Augustine, J.D. Derner, D. G. Milchunas. 2020. Assessing the rate and reversibility of large-herbivore effects on community composition in a semi-arid grassland ecosystem Journal of Vegetation Science, DOI: 10.1111/jvs.12934
Augustine, D. J., J. D. Derner, M. E. Fernández-Giménez, L. M. Porensky, H. Wilmer, D. D. Briske, the CARM Stakeholder Group. 2020. Adaptive, multipaddock rotational grazing management: A ranch-scale assessment of effects on vegetation and livestock performance in semiarid rangeland. Rangeland Ecology & Management; doi.org/10.1016/j.rama.2020.07.005
Wigley, B. J., D. J. Augustine, C. Coetsee, J. Ratnam, and M. Sankaran. 2020. Grasses continue to trump trees at soil carbon sequestration following herbivore exclusion in a semiarid African savanna. Ecology 00(00): e03008. 10.1002/ecy.3008
Duchardt, C. J., J. L. Beck, and D. J. Augustine. 2020. Mountain Plover habitat selection and nest survival in relation to weather variability and spatial attributes of black-tailed prairie dog disturbance. American Ornithological Society; 122:1–15 DOI: 10.1093/condor/duz059
Raynor E. J., J. D. Derner, D. L. Hoover, W. J. Parton, and D. J. Augustine. 2020. Large-scale and local climatic controls on large herbivore productivity: implications for adaptive rangeland management. Ecological Applications 00(00):e02053. 10.1002/eap.2053
Davis, K. P., D. J. Augustine, A. P. Monroe, J. D. Derner, and C. L. Aldridge. 2020. Adaptive rangeland management benefits grassland birds utilizing opposing vegetation structure in the shortgrass steppe. Ecological Applications 30(1):e02020. 10.1002/eap.2020
Augustine, D. J., P. F. Scogings, and M. Sankaran. 2019. Mesobrowser Abundance and Effects on Woody Plants in Savannas. Savanna Woody Plants and Large Herbivores; 551-583.
Fynn,W. S., D. J. Augustine, and S. D. Fuhlendorf. 2019. Chapter 14 - Managing Browsing and Grazing Ungulates. The Ecology of Browsing and Grazing II, Ecological Studies 239, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-25865-8_14
Reynolds, A. Q., J. D. Derner, D. J. Augustine, L. M. Porensky, H. Wilmer, T. Jorns, D. D. Briske, J. D. Scasta, and M. E. Fernández-Giménez, and the CARM Stakeholder Group. 2019. Ecological sites: can they be managed to promote livestock production? Rangelands 41:239–243, doi 10.1016/j.rala.2019.07.003
Davis, K. P., D. J. Augustine, A. P. Monroe, J. D. Derner, and C. L. Aldridge. 2019. Adaptive rangeland management benefits grassland birds utilizing opposing vegetation structure in the shortgrass steppe. Ecological Applications 00(00):e02020. 10.1002/eap.2020
Augustine, D. J., B. J. Wigley, J. Ratnam, S. Kibet, M. Nyangito, M. Sankaran. 2019. Large herbivores maintain a two‐phase herbaceous vegetation mosaic in a semi‐arid savanna. Ecology and Evolution. 2019;00:1–10. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.5750
Augustine, D., A. Davidson, K. Dickinson, B. Van Pelt. 2019. Thinking like a grassland: challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation in the great plains of North America. Rangeland Ecology & Management. doi.org/10.1016/j.rama.2019.09.001
Derner, J. D., E. J. Raynor, J. L. Reeves, D. J. Augustine, D. G. Milchunas. 2019. Climatic and management determinants of large herbivore production in semiarid grassland. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 290:106761, doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.106761
Ma, L., Derner, J. D., Harmel, R. D., Tatarko, J., Moore, A. D., Rotz, C. A., Augustine, D. J., Boone, R. B., Coughenour, M. B., Beukes, P. C., van Wijk, M. T., Bellocchi, G., Cullen, B. R., and Wilmer. H. 2019. Application of Grazing Land Models in Ecosystem Management: Current Status and Next Frontiers. Advances in Agronomy 158:173-216.
Gersie, S.P., D.J. Augustine, and J.D. Derner. 2019. Cattle Grazing Distribution in Shortgrass Steppe: Influences of Topography and Saline Soils. Rangeland Ecology & Management 72:602–614.
Fernández-Giménez, M.E., D.J. Augustine, L.M. Porensky, H. Wilmer, J.D. Derner, D.D. Briske, and M. Olsgard Stewart. 2019. Complexity fosters learning in collaborative adaptive management. Ecology and Society 24(2):29. doi.org/10.5751/ES-10963-240229.
Duchardt, C.J., D.J. Augustine, and J.L. Beck. 2019. Threshold responses of grassland and sagebrush birds to patterns of disturbance created by an ecosystem engineer. Landscape Ecology 34(4): 895-909. doi.org/10.1007/s10980-019-00813-y.
Wigley, B.J. C. Coetsee, D.J. Augustine, J. Ratnam, D. Hattas, and M. Sankaran. 2019. A thorny issue: Woody plant defence and growth in an East African savanna. Journal of Ecology 107: 1839-1851. doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13140.
Scasta, J.D., T. Jorns, J.D. Derner, S. Lake, D.J. Augustine, J.L. Windh, and T.L. Smith. 2019. Validation of DNA metabarcoding of fecal samples using cattle fed known rations. Animal Feed Science and Technology 255:114219 doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2019.114219.
Derner , J. D., D. J. Augustine & D. A. Frank. 2019. 2019. Does Grazing Matter for Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration in the Western North American Great Plains? Ecosystems DOI 10.1007/s10021-018-0324-3
Wilmer, H.; Porensky, L.M.; Fernández-Giménez, M.E.; Derner, J.D.; Augustine, D.J.; Ritten, J.P.; Peck, D.P. 2019. Community-Engaged Research Builds a Nature-Culture of Hope on North American Great Plains Rangelands. Social Sciences, 8, 22; doi:10.3390/socsci8010022
Bergstrom, B. J., R. L. Sensenig, D. J. Augustine, and T. P. Young. 2018. Searching for cover: soil enrichment and herbivore exclusion, not fire, enhance African savanna small-mammal abundance. Ecosphere, 9:1-22.
Duchardt, C. J., L. M. Porensky, D. J. Augustine, and J. L. Beck. 2018. Disturbance shapes avian communities on a grassland–sagebrush ecotone. Ecosphere 9(10):e02483. 10.1002/ecs2.2483
Gaffney, R., L. M. Porensky, F. Gao, J. G. Irisarri, M. Durante, J. D. Derner and D. J. Augustine. 2018. Using APAR to predict aboveground plant productivity in semi-aid rangelands: spatial and temporal relationships differ. Remote Sensing; doi:10.3390/rs10091474
Wilmer, H., D. J. Augustine , J. D. Derner, M. E. Fernández-Giménez D. D. Briske, L. M. Roche, K. W. Tate , K. E. Miller. 2018. Diverse Management Strategies Produce Similar Ecological Outcomes on Ranches in Western Great Plains: Social-Ecological Assessment. Rangeland Ecology & Management 71: 626–636
Wilmer, H., J. D. Derner, M. E. Fernández-Giménez , D. D. Briske , D. J. Augustine, L. M. Porensky , the CARM Stakeholder Group. 2018. Collaborative Adaptive Rangeland Management Fosters Management-Science Partnerships. Rangeland Ecology & Management 71: 646–657
Augustine, D. J., D. M. Blumenthal, T. L. Springer, D. R. Lecain, S. A. Gunter, and J. D. Derner. 2018 Elevated CO2 induces substantial and persistent declines in forage quality irrespective of warming in mixedgrass prairie. Ecological Applications, 28(3), 721–735
Goheen, J.R., D. J. Augustine, K. E. Veblen, D. M. Kimuyu, T. M. Palmer, L. M. Porensky, R. M. Pringle, J. Ratnam, C. Riginos, M. Sankaran, A. T. Ford, A. A. Hassan, R. Jakopak, T. R. Kartzinel, S. Kurukura, A.M. Louthan, W. O. Odadi, T. O. Otieno, A. M. Wambua, H. S. Young, and T. P. Young. 2018. Conservation lessons from large-mammal manipulations in East African savannas: the KLEE, UHURU, and GLADE experiments. Annals Of The New York Academy Of Sciences, doi: 10.1111/nyas.13848
Dufek, N. A., D. J. Augustine, D. M. Blumenthal, J. A. Kray, and J D. Derner. 2018. Dormant-season fire inhibits sixweeks fescue and enhances forage production in shortgrass steppe. Fire Ecology 14:33-49 doi: 10.4996/fireecology.140132048
Spiegal S. , B. T. Bestelmeyer , D. W. Archer, D. J. Augustine, E.H. Boughton, R. K. Boughton, M. A. Cavigelli, P. E. Clark, J.D. Derner, E.W. Duncan, C. J. Hapeman, R. D. Harmel, P. Heilman, M. A. Holly, R. Huggins, K. King, P. J. A. Kleinman, M. A. Liebig, M. A. Locke, G.W. McCarty, N. Millar, S. B. Mirsky, T. B. Moorman, F. B. Pierson, J. R. Rigby, G. P. Robertson , J. L. Steiner, T. C. Strickland, H. M. Swain, B. J. Wienhold, J. D. Wulfhorst, M. A. Yost and C. L. Walthall. 2018. Evaluating strategies for sustainable intensification of US agriculture through the Long-Term Agroecosystem Research network. Environmental Research Letters 13: 034031
Derner, J. , D. Briske, M. Reeves, T. Brown-Brandl, M. Meehan, D. Blumenthal, W. Travi ,D. Augustine, H. Wilmer, D. Scasta, J. Hendrickson, J. Volesky, L. Edwards, D. Peck. 2018. Vulnerability of grazing and confined livestock in the Northern Great Plains to projected mid and late-twenty-first century climate. Climatic Change 146:19–32 DOI 10.1007/s10584-017-2029-6
Skagen, S. K., D. J. Augustine, and J. D. Derner. 2018. Semi-arid grassland bird responses to patch-burn grazing and drought. The Journal of Wildlife Management 82(2):445–456; DOI: 0.1002/jwmg.21379
Blumenthal, D. M., D. R. LeCain, and D. J. Augustine. 2017. Composted manure application promotes longterm invasion of semi-arid rangeland by Bromus tectorum. Ecosphere 8:e01960. 10.1002/ecs2.1960
Porensky, L. M., J. D. Derner, D.J. Augustine, and D. G. Michunas. 2017. Plant community Composition after 75 Yr of sustained grazing intensity treatments in shortgrass steppe. Rangeland Ecology & Management 70:456-464.
Dohn,J. D.J. Augustine, N. P. Hanan,J. Ratnam, and M. Sankaran. 2017. Spatial vegetation patterns and neighborhood competition among woody plants in an East African savanna. Ecology, 98: 478–488
Augustine, D.J., J. D. Derner, D. Milchunas, D. Blumenthal & L. M. Porensky. 2017. Grazing moderates increases in C3 grass abundance over seven decades across a soil texture gradient in shortgrass steppe. Journal of Vegetation Science, Doi: 10.1111/jvs.12508
Carver, A.R., J. D. Ross, D.J. Augustine, S.K. Skagen, A.M. Dwyer, D. F. Tomback & M. B. Wunder. 2017. Weather radar data correlate to hail-induced mortality in grassland birds. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. doi: 10.1002/rse2.41
Porensky,L.M., K. E. Mueller, D. J. Augustine and J. D. Derner. 2016. Thresholds and gradients in a semi-arid grassland: long-term grazing treatments induce slow, continuous and reversible vegetation change. Journal of Applied Ecology, 53:1013–1022
Derner, J. D. and D. J. Augustine. 2016. Adaptive Management for Drought on Rangelands. Rangelands 38:211-215.
Irisarri, J.G.N., J.D. Derner, L.M. Porensky, D.J. Augustine, J.L. Reeves and K.E. Mueller. 2016. Grazing intensity differentially regulates ANPP response to precipitation in North American semiarid grasslands. Ecological Applications 26: 1370-1380.
Fynn, R. W. S., D. J. Augustine, M. J. S. Peel and M. de Garine-Wichatitsky. 2016. Strategic management of livestock to improve biodiversity conservation in African savannahs: a conceptual basis for wildlife-livestock coexistence. Journal of Applied Ecology, 53:388-397
Hermance, J.F., D. J. Augustine & J. D. Derner. 2015. Quantifying characteristic growth dynamics in a semi-arid grassland ecosystem by predicting short-term NDVI phenology from daily rainfall: a simple four parameter coupled-reservoir model. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 36:5637-5663, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2015.1103916
Ford, A. T., J. R. Goheen, D. J. Augustine, M. F. Kinnaird, T. G. O'brien, T. M. Palmer, R. M. Pringle, and R. Woodroffe. 2015. Recovery of African wild dogs suppresses prey but does not trigger a trophic cascade. Ecology, 96: 2705-2714.
Augustine, D. J., J. D. Derner. 2015. Patch-burn grazing management, vegetation heterogeneity, and avian responses in a semi-arid grassland. The Journal of Wildlife Management; DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.909
Augustine D.J., J. D. Derner. 2015. Patch burn grazing management in a semiarid grassland: Consequences for pronghorn, plains pricklypear, and wind erosion. Rangeland Ecology & Management 68:40-47
Wiggins, D. A., G. D. Schnell, and D. J. Augustine. 2014. Distribution and nesting success of ferruginous hawks and Swanson's hawks on an agricultural landscape in the great plains. The Southwestern Naturalist 59:356-363
Augustine, D.J., J. D. Derner, and J. K. Detling. 2014. Testing for Thresholds in a Semiarid Grassland: The Influence of Prairie Dogs and Plague. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 67:701-709.
Moran, M. S., G. E. Ponce-Campos, A. Huete, M. P. Mcclaran, Y . Zhang, E. P. Hamerlynck, D. J. Augustine, S. A. Gunter, S. G. Kitchen, D. P. C. Peters, P. J. Starks, And M. Hernandez. 2014. Functional response of U.S. grasslands to the early 21st-century drought. Ecology, 95: 2121-2133.
Augustine, D. J., J. D. Derner, and D. P. Smith. 2014. Characteristics of burns conducted under modified prescriptions to mitigate limited fuels in a semi-arid grassland. Fire Ecology 10:36-47, doi: 10.4996/fireecology.1002036
Augustine, D.J.,and S.K. Skagen. 2014. Mountain Plover nest survival in relation to prairie dog and fire dynamics in shortgrass steppe. The Journal of Wildlife Management 78:595-602; DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.700
Augustine, D. J., P. Brewer, D. M. Blumenthal, J. D. Derner, and J. C. von Fischer. 2014. Prescribed fire, soil inorganic nitrogen dynamics, and plant responses in a semiarid grassland. Journal of Arid Environments 104:59-66.
Augustine, D. J., and J. D. Derner. 2014. Controls over the strength and timing of fire-grazer interactions in a semi-arid rangeland. Journal of Applied Ecology 51:242-250.
Derner, J. D., D. J. Augustine, and E. Kachergis. 2014. Cattle as Ecosystem Engineers: New grazing management enhances rangeland biodiversity. Western Confluence, winter:10-13.
Sankaran M., D. J. Augustine, and J. Ratnam. 2013.Native ungulates of diverse body sizes collectively regulate long-term woody plant demography and structure of a semi-arid savanna. Journal of Ecology 101:1389-1399.
Rebollo, S., D. G. Milchunas , P. Stapp , D. J. Augustine, and J. D. Derner. 2013. Disproportionate effects of non-colonial small herbivores on structure and diversity of grassland dominated by large herbivores. Oikos 122:1757-1767.
Augustine, D. J., and T. L. Springer. 2013. Competition and facilitation between a native and a domestic herbivore: trade-offs between forage quantity and quality. Ecological Applications 23:850-863.
Augustine, D. J., and J. D. Derner. 2013. Assessing herbivore foraging behavior with GPS collars in a semiarid grassland. Sensors 13:3711-3723; doi:10.3390/s130303711
Augustine, D. J., D. G. Milchunas, and J. D. Derner. 2013. Spatial redistribution of nitrogen by cattle in semiarid rangeland. Rangeland Ecology & Management 66:56-62.
Augustine, D. J., and B. W. Baker. 2013 Associations of grassland bird communities with black-tailed prairie dogs in the North American Great Plains. Conservation Biology 27:324-334, DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12013
Baker,B. W., D. J. Augustine, J. A. Sedgwick, and B. C. Lubow. 2013. Ecosystem engineering varies spatially: a test of the vegetation modification paradigm for prairie dogs. Ecography 36:230-239
Derner, J. D., D. J. Augustine, J. C. Ascough II, and L. R. Ahuja. 2012. Opportunities for increasing utility of models for rangeland management. Rangeland Ecology Management 65:623-631
Sidle, J. G., D. J. Augustine, D. H. Johnson, S. D. Miller, J. F. Cully, Jr., and R. P. Reading. 2012. Aerial surveys adjusted by ground surveys to estimate area occupied by black-tailed prairie dog colonies. Wildlife Society Bulletin 36:248-256
Dijkstra,F. A., D. J. Augustine, P. Brewer, and J. C. von Fischer. 2012. Nitrogen cycling and water pulses in semiarid grasslands:are microbial and plant processes temporally asynchronous? Oecologia 170:799-808
Augustine, D. J., and J. D. Derner. 2012. Disturbance regimes and mountain plover habitat in shortgrass steppe: large herbivore grazing does not substitute for prairie dog grazing or fire. The Journal of Wildlife Management 76:721-728.
Augustine, D. J., D. T. Booth, S. E. Cox, and J. D. Derner. 2012. Grazing intensity and spatial heterogeneity in bare soil in a grazing-resistant grassland. Rangeland Ecology & Management 65:39-46.
Augustine, D. J., K. E. Veblen, J. R. Goheen, C. Riginos, and T. P. Young. 2011. Pathways for positive cattle-wildlife interactions in semiarid rangelands. In: N. Georgiadis (editor). Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya's Ewaso Ecosystem. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington D. C. pp 55-71.
Augustine, D. J., F. A. Dijkstra, E. W. Hamilton III, and J. A. Morgan. 2011. Rhizosphere interactions, carbon allocation, and nitrogen acquisition of two perennial North American grasses in response to defoliation and elevated atmospheric CO2. Oecologia 165:755-770.
Augustine, D. J. 2011. Habitat selection by mountain plovers in shortgrass steppe. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:297-304.
Toombs, T. P., J. D. Derner, D. J. Augustine, B. Krueger, and S. Gallagher. 2010. Managing for biodiversity and livestock - A scale-dependent approach for promoting vegetation heterogeneity in western Great Plains grasslands. SRM-Ranglands June:10-15.
Augustine, D. J. 2010. Spatial versus temporal variation in precipitation in a semiarid ecosystem. Landscape Ecology 25:913-925.
Augustine, D. J. 2010. Response of native ungulates to drought in semi-arid Kenyan rangeland. African Journal of Ecology 48:1009-1020
Augustine, D. J., J. D. Derner, and D. G. Milchunas. 2010. Prescribed fire, grazing, and herbaceous plant production in shortgrass steppe. Rangeland Ecology Management 63:317-323
Blumenthal, D., and D. Augustine. 2009. Plant interactions with herbivores. In: ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE SCIENCES. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester http://www.els.net/ [Doi:10.1002/9780470015902.a0003203.pub2]
Riginos, C, J. B. Grace, D. J. Augustine, and T.P. Young. 2009. Local versus landscape-scale effects of savanna trees on grasses. Journal of Ecology 97:1337-1345.
Derner, J. D., W. K. Lauenroth, P. Stapp, and D. J. Augustine. 2009. Livestock as ecosystem engineers for grassland bird habitat in the western great plains of North America. Rangeland Ecology & Management 62:111-118.
Derner, J., D. Augustine, and B. Lauenroth. 2009. Conservation grazing management. Cow Country, Winter 139:10-11.
Augustine, D. J., and D. G. Milchunas. 2009. Vegetation responses to prescribed burning of grazed shortgrass steppe. Rangeland Ecology & Management 62:89-97.
Augustine, D. J., S. J. Dinsmore, M. B. Wunder, V. J. Dreitz, and F. L. Knopf. 2008. Response of mountain plovers to plague-driven dynamics of black-tailed prairie dog colonies. Landscape Ecology 23:689-697.
Thompson,C. M., D. J. Augustine, and D. M. Mayers. 2008. Swift fox response to prescribed fire in shortgrass steppe. Western North American Naturalist 68:251-256
Augustine, D. J., M. R. Matchett, T. B. Toombs, J. F. Cully, T. L. Johnson, and J. G. Sidle. 2008. Spatiotemporal dynamics of black-tailed prairie dog colonies affected by plague. Landscape Ecology 23:255-267.
Young, T. P., and D. J. Augustine. 2007. Interspecific variation in the reproductive response of acacia species to protection from large mammalian herbivores. Biotropica 39:559-561
Augustine, D. J., J. F. Cully, and T. L. Johnson. 2007. Influence of fire on black-tailed prairie dog colony expansion in shortgrass steppe. Rangeland Ecology & Management 60:538-542.
Augustine, D. J., and S. J. McNaughton. 2006. Interactive effects of large herbivores, soil fertility and variable rainfall on ecosystem processes in a semi-arid savanna. Ecosystems 9:1242-1256.
Sankaran, M., N. P. Hanan, R.J . Scholes, J. Ratnam, and D.J. Augustine. 2005. Determinants of woody cover in African savannas. Nature 438:846-849.
Augustine, D. J., and S. J. McNaughton. 2004. Temporal asynchrony in soil nutrient dynamics and plant production in a semi-arid ecosystem. Ecosystems 7:829-840.
Augustine, D. J. 2004. Influence of cattle management on habitat selection by impala on central Kenyan rangeland. Journal of Wildlife Management 68:916-923.
Augustine, D. J., and S. J. McNaughton. 2004. Regulation of shrub dynamics by native browsing ungulates on East African rangeland. Journal of Applied Ecology 41:45-58.
Sankaran, M. S., and D. J. Augustine. 2004. Large herbivores suppress decomposer abundance in a semiarid grazing ecosystem. Ecology 41:45-58.
Augustine, D. J., and D. S. deCalesta. 2003. Defining deer overabundance and threats to forest communities: from individual plants to landscape structure. Ecoscience 10: 472-486.
Augustine, D. J., S. J. McNaughton, and D. A. Frank. 2003. Feedbacks between large herbivores and soil nutrients in a managed savanna ecosystem. Ecological Applications 13:1325-1337.
Augustine, D. J. 2003. Long-term, livestock-mediated redistribution of nitrogen and phosphorous in an East African savanna. Journal of Applied Ecology 40:137-149.
Augustine, D. J. 2003. Spatial heterogeneity in the herbaceous layer of a semi-arid savanna ecosystem.Plant Ecology 167:319-332.
Augustine, D. J., and D. A. Frank. 2001. Effects of migratory grazers on spatial heterogeneity of soil nitrogen properties in a grassland ecosystem. Ecology 82:3149-3162.
Augustine, D. J., and S. J. McNaughton. 1998. Ungulate effects on the functional species composition of plant communities: herbivore selectivity and plant tolerance. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:1165-1183.
Augustine, D. J., L. E. Frelich, and P. A. Jordan. 1998. Evidence for two alternate stable states in an ungulate grazing system. Ecological Applications 8:1260-1269.
Augustine, D. J., and P. A. Jordan. 1998. Predictors of white-tailed deer grazing intensity in fragmented deciduous forests. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:1076-1085.
Augustine, D. J., and L. E. Frelich. 1998. Effects of white-tailed deer on populations of an understory forb in fragmented deciduous forests. Conservation Biology 12:995-1004