Skip to main content
ARS Home » Plains Area » El Reno, Oklahoma » Grazinglands Research Laboratory » Forage and Livestock Production Research » People » Prasanna Gowda

Prasanna Gowda

Research Leader


 /ARSUserFiles/51238/Employee Pic/Gowda-headshot.jpg

Dr. Prasanna Gowda, Ph.D, MBA

Research Leader

USDA-ARS Grazinglands Research Laboratory

7207 West Cheyenne Street El Reno OK 73036

Voice: 1-(405)-262-5291    Ext. 247

Fax: 1-(405)-262-0133

Prasanna.Gowda@ars.usda.gov

 

 

Research Interests:    


Education:

               Dissertation: An Integrated Spatial-Process Model to Predict Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution.

               Thesis: Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns in Karnataka, India: An Evaluation.

 


 

Professional Experience:

RESEARCH LEADER (GS-15)                                                                                                              July 2015 - PRESENT

Forage and Livestock Production Research Unit, Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, TX

RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL ENGINEER (GS-15)                                                                  JANUARY 2005 – JUNE 2015

Conservation & Production Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, Bushland, TX

RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR                                                                                 AUGUST 2001 - JANUARY 2005

RESEARCH ASSISTANT PROFESSOR                                                                              AUGUST 1998 – DECEMBER 2001

ASSOCIATE RESEARCHER                                                                                                         AUGUST 1996 - JULY 1998

GRADUATE RESEARCH ASSOCIATE                                                                               SEPTEMBER 1992 - AUGUST 1996


 

Awards:


 

Professional Service:


 

Selected Publications:       

      1. van Deventer, A.P., A.D. Ward, P.H. Gowda, and J.G. Lyon. 1997. Using Thematic Mapper data to identify contrasting soil plains and tillage practices. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 63(1): 87-93.
      2. Gowda, P.H., A.D. Ward, D.A. White, J.G. Lyon, and E. Desmond. 1999. The sensitivity of stream flows to model input parameters used to define hydrologic response units. Transactions of the ASAE, 42(2):381-389.
      3. Gowda, P.H., A.D. Ward, D.A. White, D.B. Baker, and J.G. Lyon. 1999. An approach for using field scale models to predict daily peak flows on agricultural watersheds. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 35(5):1223-1232.
      4. Davis, D.M., P.H. Gowda, D.J. Mulla, and G.W. Randall. 2000. Modeling nitrate-nitrogen leaching in response to nitrogen fertilizer rate and tile drain depth or spacing for southern Minnesota, USA. Journal of Environmental Quality, 29(5):1568-1581.
      5. Kirnak, H. and P.H. Gowda. 2001. Using WEPP model to predict sediment and runoff from an agricultural watershed. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey, 2(7):24-31.
      6. Gowda, P.H., B.J. Dalzell, D.J. Mulla, and F. Kollman. 2001. Mapping tillage practices using Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) based logistic regression models. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 56(2):91-96.
      7. Sands, G.R., C.X. Jin, A. Mendez, B. Basin, P. Wotzka, and P.H. Gowda. 2003. Comparing subsurface drainage flow prediction of the DRAINMOD and ADAPT models for a cold climate. Transactions of the ASAE, 46(3):645-656.
      8. Gowda, P.H., D.J. Mulla, and B.J. Dalzell. 2003. Examining the targeting of conservation tillage practices to steep/flat landscapes in the Minnesota River Basin. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 58(1):53-57.
      9. Johansson, R.C., P.H. Gowda, D.J. Mulla, and B.J. Dalzell. 2004. Metamodeling phosphorus best management practices for policy use: A frontier approach. Agricultural Economics, 30:63-74.
      10. Dalzell, B.J., P.H. Gowda, and D.J. Mulla. 2004. Modeling sediment and phosphorus losses in an agricultural watershed to meet TMDLs. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 40(2):533-543.
      11. Updegraff, K., P.H. Gowda, and D.J. Mulla. 2004. Watershed scale modeling of the water quality effects of cropland conversion to short rotation woody crops. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 19(2):118-127.
      12. Gowda, P.H. 2005. Book review of “Ioulia Tchigririnskaia, Mike Bonell and Hubert (eds). “Scales in Hydrology and Water Management”, IAHS Publication 287 ISSN 0144-7815. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 41(4):1000-1001. [Book review].
      13. Petrolia, D.R. and P.H. Gowda. 2006. Missing the Boat: Midwest farm drainage and Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia. Review of Agricultural Economics, 28(2):240-253.
      14. Gowda, P.H., and D.J. Mulla. 2006. Modeling alternative management practices for High Island Creek watershed in south-central Minnesota. Journal of Environmental Hydrology, 14(3):1-15.
      15. Petrolia, D.R., and P.H. Gowda. 2006. An analysis of the role of tile-drained farmland under alternative nitrogen abatement policies. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 31(3):580-594.
      16. Gowda, P.H., B.J. Dalzell, and D.J. Mulla. 2007. Model based nitrate TMDLs for two agricultural watersheds of southeastern Minnesota. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 43(1):254-263.
      17. Gowda, P.H. 2007. Book Review of “M. F. P. Bierkens, J. C. Gehrels, and K. Kovar (eds). Calibration and Reliability in Groundwater Modeling: From Uncertainty to Decision Making, Intl. Assoc. of Hydrological Sci. IAHS Press Inc., Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 8BB, UK, (Paper Binding £59.00). pp. 316. ISBN 1-901-502-58-9. Journal of Agricultural Water Management, 93:153-154. [Book review].
      18. Esparza, A.M., P.H. Gowda, R.L. Baumhardt, T.H. Marek, and T.A. Howell. 2007. Heat unit availability for cotton production in the Ogallala Aquifer Region. Journal of Cotton Science, 11(3):110-117.
      19. Gowda, P.H., R.L. Baumhardt, A.M. Esparza, T.H. Marek, and T.A. Howell. 2007. Suitability of cotton as an alternative crop in the Ogallala Aquifer Region. Agronomy Journal, 99:1397-1403.
      20. Gowda, P.H., J.L. Chavez, P.D. Colaizzi, S.R. Evett, T.A. Howell, and J. A. Tolk. 2007. Remote sensing based energy balance algorithms for mapping ET: Current status and challenges, Transactions of the ASABE, 50(5):1639-1644. (Invited).
      21. Nangia, V., P.H. Gowda, D.J. Mulla, and G.R. Sands. 2008. Water quality modeling of fertilizer management impacts on nitrate-N losses in tile drains at the field-scale. Journal of Environmental Quality, 37(2):296-307.
      22. Gowda, P.H., J.L. Chavez, P.D. Colaizzi, S.R. Evett, T. A. Howell, and J. A. Tolk. 2008. ET mapping for agricultural water management: Present status and challenges. Irrigation Science, 26(3):223-237.
      23. Gowda, P.H., D.J. Mulla, and D.B. Jaynes. 2008. Simulated long-term nitrogen losses for a Midwestern agricultural watershed in the United States. Agricultural Water Management, 95(5):616-624.
      24. Colaizzi, P.D., P.H. Gowda, T.H. Marek, and D.O. Porter. 2008. Irrigation in the Texas High Plains: A brief history and potential reductions in demand. International Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage, ASCE, 57:1-18.
      25. Gowda, P.H., T.A. Howell, S.R. Evett, J.L. Chavez, and L. New. 2008. Remote sensing of contrasting tillage practices in the Texas Panhandle. International Journal of Remote sensing, 29(11-12):3477-3487.
      26. Gowda, P.H., Chavez, J.L., S.R. Evett, T.A. Howell, T.H. Marek, L.L. New. 2008. Surface energy balance based evapotranspiration mapping in the Texas High Plains. Sensors, 8:5186-5201.
      27. Baumhardt, R. L., S. Staggenborg, P.H. Gowda, P.D. Colaizzi, and T.A. Howell. 2009. Modeling irrigation management strategies to maximize cotton lint yield and water use efficiency. Agronomy Journal, 101(3):460-468.
      28. Chavez, J.L., P.H. Gowda, T.A. Howell, and K.S. Copeland. 2009. Radiometric surface temperature calibration effects on satellite based evapotranspiration estimation. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 30(9):2337-2354.
      29. Gowda, P.H., G. B. Senay, T. H. Howell, and T. H. Marek. 2009. Lysimetric evaluation of simplified energy balance approach in the Texas High Plains. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 25(5):665-669. (Superior Paper Award by the ASABE).
      30. Chavez, J.L., P.H. Gowda, T.A. Howell, C.M.U. Neale, and K.S. Copeland. 2009. Estimating hourly crop ET using a two-source energy balance model and multispectral airborne imagery. Irrigation Science, 28:79-91.
      31. Sudheer, K.P., P.H. Gowda, I. Chaubey, and T.A. Howell. 2010. Artificial neural network approach for mapping contrasting tillage practices. Remote Sensing, 2(2):579-590.
      32. Colaizzi, P. D., S. A. O’Shaughnessy, P. H. Gowda, S. R. Evett, T. A. Howell, W. P. Kustas, and M. C. Anderson. 2010. Radiometer footprint model to estimate sunlit and shaded components for row crops. Agronomy Journal, 102(3):942-955.
      33. Chavez, J.L., T.A. Howell, P.H. Gowda, K.S. Copeland, and J.H. Prueger. 2010. Surface aerodynamic temperature modeling over rainfed cotton. Transactions of the ASABE, 53(3):759-767.
      34. Nangia, V., P.H. Gowda, D.J. Mulla, and G.R. Sands. 2010. Modeling impacts of tile drain spacing and depth on nitrate-nitrogen losses. Vadose Zone Journal, 9(1):61-72.
      35. Nangia, V., P.H. Gowda, and D.J. Mulla. 2010. Effects of changes in N-fertilizer management on water quality trends at the watershed scale. Agricultural Water Management, 97(11):1855-1860.
      36. Nangia, V., D.J. Mulla, and P.H. Gowda. 2010. Precipitation changes impact stream discharge, nitrate-nitrogen load more than agricultural management changes. Journal of Environmental Quality, 39(6):2063-2071.
      37. Tuppad, P., C. Santhi, X. Wang, J.R. Williams, R. Srinivasan, and P.H. Gowda. 2010. Simulation of conservation practices using the APEX model. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 26(5):779-794.
      38. Scanlon, B.R., R.C. Reedy, J.B. Gates, and P.H. Gowda. 2010. Impact of agroecosystems on groundwater resources in the Central High Plains, USA. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 139(4):700-713.
      39. Rice, W.C. and P.H. Gowda. 2011. Influence of geographic location, crop type and crop residue cover on bacterial and fungal community structures. Geoderma, 160(3-4):271-280.
      40. Gowda, P.H., J.A. Goolsby, C. Yang, S. Basu, A. Racelis, and T.A. Howell. 2011. Estimating water use by giant reed along the Rio Grande River using a Large Aperture Scintillometer. Tropical Plant Science Journal, 63:1-6.
      41. Ha, W., P.H. Gowda, T.A. Howell, and G. Senay. 2011. Downscaling of land surface temperature maps in the Texas High Plains with TsHARP method. GIScience & Remote Sensing, 48(4):583-599.
      42. Gowda, P.H., J.V. Westra, D.R. Petrolia, D.J. Mulla, and B.J. Dalzell. 2011. Impact of targeted removal of residue cover on water quality in the Sand Creek watershed. Journal of Environmental Hydrology, 19(25):1-12.
      43. Colaizzi P.D, R.C. Schwartz, S.R. Evett, T.A. Howell, P.H. Gowda, and J.A. Tolk. 2012. Radiation model for row crops – II. Model evaluation and sensitivity analysis. Agronomy Journal, 104(2):241-255.
      44. Howell, T.A., S.R. Evett, S.A. O’Shaunessy, P.D. Colaizzi, and P.H. Gowda. 2012. Advanced engineering: Precision and precise. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A 2:1-9.
      45. Samui, P., P.H. Gowda, T. Oommen, T.A. Howell, and T.H. Marek. 2012. Statistical learning algorithms for identifying contrasting tillage practices with Landsat Thematic Mapper data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 33(18):5732-5745.
      46. Hernandez, J.E., P.H. Gowda, T.A. Howell, J.L. Steiner, F. Mojarro, E.P. Nunez, and J.R. Avila. 2012. Modeling groundwater levels in the Calera aquifer region in central Mexico using MODFLOW. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology B 2:52-61.
      47. Porter, D.O., P.H. Gowda, T.H. Marek, T.A. Howell, S. Irmak, and J. Moorhead. 2012. Sensitivity of grass and alfalfa reference evapotranspiration to sensor accuracy. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 28(4):543-549.
      48. Avila, Carrasco, J.R., F.M. Mojarro Davila, D.N. Moriasi, P.H. Gowda, C. Baustista-Capetillo, F.G. Eachavarria-Chairez, J.D. Garbrecht, J.L. Steiner, T.A. Howell, E.T. Kanemasu, J.A. Verser, K. Wagner, and J.E. Hernandez. 2012. Calibration of SWAT2009 using crop biomass, evapotranspiration, and deep recharge: Calera watershed in Zacatecas, Mexico case study. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 4(7):439-450.
      49. Chavez, J.L., P.H. Gowda, T.A. Howell, L.A. Garcia, K.S. Copeland, and C.M.U. Neale. 2012. ET mapping with high resolution airborne remote sensing data in an advective semi-arid environment. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 138(5):416-423.
      50. Colaizzi, P.D., S.R. Evett, T.A. Howell, P.H. Gowda, S.A. O’Shaunessy, J.A. Tolk, W.R. Kustas, and M.C. Anderson. 2012. Two source energy balance model-refinements and lysimeter tests in the Southern High Plains. Transactions of the ASABE, 55(2):551-562.
      51. Gowda, P.H., D.J. Mulla, A.D. Ward, E. Desmond, and D. Moriasi. 2012. ADAPT: Model use, calibration, and validation. Transactions of the ASABE, 55(4):1345-1352. (Invited)
      52. Moriasi, D., B.N. Wilson, K.R. Mankin, J.G. Arnold, and P.H. Gowda. 2012. Hydrologic and water quality models: use, calibration, and validation. Transactions of the ASABE, 55(4):1241-1247.
      53. Evett, S.R., W.P. Kustas, P.H. Gowda, J.H. Prueger, and T.A. Howell. 2012. Overview of the Bushland Evapotranspiration and Agricultural Remote sensing EXperiment 2008 (BEAREX08): A field experiment evaluating methods quantifying ET at multiple scales. Advances in Water Resources, 50:4-19.
      54. French, A.N., J.G. Alfieri, W.P. Kustas, J.H. Prueger, L.E. Hipps, J.L. Chavez, S.R. Evett, T.A. Howell, P.H. Gowda, D.J. Hunsaker, K.R. Thorp. 2012. Estimation of surface energy fluxes using surface renewal and flux variance techniques over an advective irrigated agricultural site. Advances in Water Resources, 50:91-105.
      55. Colaizzi, P.D., W.P. Kustas, M.C. Anderson, P.H. Gowda, S.A. O’Shaughnessy, T.A. Howell, and S.R. Evett. 2012. Two-source model estimates of evapotranspiration using component and composite surface temperatures. Advances in Water Resources, 50: 134-151.
      56. Neale, C.M.U., H.M.E. Geli, W.P. Kustas, J.G. Alfieri, P.H. Gowda, S.R. Evett, J.H. Preuger, L.E. Hipps, W.P. Dulauney, J.L. Chavez, A.N. French, and T.A. Howell. 2012. Soil water content estimation using a remote sensing based hybrid evapotranspiration modeling approach. Advances in Water Resources, 50:152-161.
      57. Hernandez, J.E., P.H. Gowda, T.A. Howell, T.H. Marek, and W. Ha. 2013. Groundwater levels in northern High Plains: Baseline for existing agricultural management practices. Texas Water Journal, 4(1):22-34.
      58. Gowda, P.H., D.J. Mulla, V. Nangia, and S. Ale. 2013. Scale effects of STATSGO and SSURGO soil databases on flow and water quality predictions. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 5:266-274.
      59. Ha, W., P.H. Gowda, and T.A. Howell. 2013. A review of downscaling methods for remote sensing-based irrigation management: Part I. Irrigation Science, 31(4):831-850.
      60. Ha, W., P.H. Gowda, and T.A. Howell. 2013. A review of potential image fusion methods for remote sensing-based irrigation management: Part II. Image fusion. Irrigation Science, 31(4):851-869.
      61. Senay, G.B., S. Bohms, R. Singh, P.H. Gowda, N.M. Velpuri, H. Alemu, and J. Verdin. 2013. Operational evapotranspiration mapping using remote sensing and weather datasets: A new parameterization for the SSEB approach. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 49(3):577-591.
      62. Paul, G., P.H. Gowda, P.V. Vara Prasad, T.A. Howell, S.A. Staggenborg, and C.M.U. Neale. 2013. A comprehensive evaluation of SEBAL using high resolution airborne imagery from BEAREX08. Advances in Water Resources, 59:157-168.
      63. Guzman, J.A., D.N. Moriasi, M.L. Chu, P.J. Starks, J.L. Steiner, and P.H. Gowda. 2013. Mapping and spatiotemporal analysis tool for hydrological data: SPELLMAP. Environmental Modeling and Software, 48:163-170.
      64. Ale, S. P.H. Gowda, D.J. Mulla, D.N. Moriasi, and M. Youssef. 2013. Comparison of the performances of DRAINMOD-NII and ADAPT models in predicting subsurface drainage flow and nitrate losses. Agricultural Water Management, 129:21-30.
      65. Anandhi, A., S. Perumal. P.H. Gowda, A. Lamsal, S. Hutchinson, J. Harrington, P. Tomlinson, M.B. Kirkham, and C.W. Rice. 2013. Long term spatial and temporal trends in frost day indices in Kansas, USA. Climate Change, 120:169-181.
      66. Moriasi, D.N., P.H. Gowda, J.G. Arnold, D.J. Mulla, and S. Ale. 2013. Modeling the impact of nitrogen fertilizer application and tile drain configuration on nitrate leaching using SWAT. Agricultural Water Management, 130:36-43.
      67. Gowda, P.H., T.A. Howell, G. Paul, P.D. Colaizzi, T.H. Marek, and B. Su. 2013. Deriving hourly evapotranspiration with SEBS: A lysimetric evaluation. Vadose Zone Journal, 12(3):1-11.
      68. Anandhi, A., M.S. Zion, P.H. Gowda, D.C. Pierson, D. Lounsbury, and A. Frei. 2013. Past and future changes in frost day indices in Catskill Mountains region of New York. Hydrologic Processes, 27(21):3094-3104.
      69. Hubbard, K., B. Kamble, A. Killic, and P.H. Gowda. 2013. Irrigation scheduling using remote sensing data assimilation approach. Advances in Remote Sensing, 2:258-268.
      70. Moriasi, D.N., P.H. Gowda, J.G. Arnold, D.J. Mulla, S. Ale, and J.L. Steiner. 2013. New SWAT tile drain equations I: Modifications, calibration, and validation. Journal of Environmental Quality, 42:1699-1710.
      71. Paul, G., P.H. Gowda, P.V. Varaprasad, T.A. Howell, R. Aiken, and C.M.U. Neale. 2013. Investigating the influence of roughness length for heat transport (zoh) on the performance of SEBAL in semi-arid irrigated and dryland agricultural systems. Journal of Hydrology, 509:231-244.
      72. Moorhead, J.E., P.H. Gowda, D.O. Porter, T.H. Marek, and T.A. Howell. 2013. Evaluation of statistical relationships between crop-specific SPEI and irrigation demand in the Texas High Plains. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 29(6):905-916.
      73. Anandhi, A., V.V. Srinivas, D.N. Kumar, R.S. Najundaih, and P.H. Gowda. 2014. Climate change scenarios of surface solar radiation in data sparse regions: A case study in Malaprabha River Basin, India. Climate Research, 59:259-270.
      74. Marek, G.W., P.H. Gowda, S.R. Evett, T.A. Howell, R.L. Baumhardt, and K.S. Copeland. 2014. Post-processing techniques for reducing errors in weighing lysimeter evapotranspiration (ET) datasets. Transactions of the ASABE, 57(2):499-515.
      75. Colaizzi, P.D., N. Agam, J.A. Tolk, S.R. Evett, T.A. Howell, P.H. Gowda, S.A. O’Shaunessy, W.P. Kustas, and M.C. Anderson. 2014. Two source energy balance model to calculate E, T, and ET: Comparison of Priestley – Taylor and Penman – Monteith formulations and two time scaling methods. Transactions of the ASABE, 57(2):479-498.
      76. Patil, V.C., A. Al-Gaadi, R. Madugundu, E.H.M. Tola, S. Marey, A. Aldosari, C.M. Biradar, and P.H. Gowda. 2014. Assessing agricultural water productivity in desert farming system of Saudi Arabia. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 8(1):284-297.
      77. Holman, D., M. Sridharan, P.H. Gowda, D.O. Porter, T.H. Marek, T.A. Howell, and J.E. Moorhead. 2014. Gaussian process predictive models for reference ET estimation from alternative meteorological data sources. Journal of Hydrology, 517(19):28-35.
      78. Baumhardt, R.L., S.A. Mauget, P.H. Gowda, and D.K. Brauer. 2014. Modeling cotton lint yield response to irrigation management as influenced by El Nino-southern oscillation. Agronomy Journal, 106(5):1-10.
      79. Steiner, J.L., D. Mingle, X. Xiao, A. Saleh, P. Tomlinson, C.W. Rice, N.A. Cole, S.W. Coleman, E. Osei, J. Basara, G. Middendorf, P.H. Gowda, R. Todd, C. Moffet, A.A. Anandhi, P.J. Starcks, T. Oschner, and D. Devlin. 2014. Knowledge and tools to enhance resilience of beef grazing systems for sustainable animal protein production. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1328(2014):10-17.
      80. Moorhead, J.E., P.H. Gowda, D.O. Porter, T.H. Marek, V.P. Singh, T.A. Howell, and B.A. Stewart. 2015. Identifying and evaluating a suitable index for agricultural drought monitoring in semiarid regions. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 51(3): 807-820.
      81. Brauer, D., R.L. Baumhardt, D. Gitz, P.H. Gowda, and J. Mahan. 2015. Characterization of trends in reservoir storage, streamflow and precipitation in the Canadian River watershed in New Mexico and Texas. Lake and Reservoir Management, 31:64-79.
      82. Moorhead, J.E., P.H. Gowda, T.M. Hobbins, G.B. Senay, G. Paul, T.H. Marek, and D.O. Porter. 2015. Accuracy assessment of NOAA gridded daily reference evapotranspiration for the Texas High Plains. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 51(5):1262-1271.
      83. Baumhardt, R.L., S.A. Mauget, P.H. Gowda, D.K. Brauer, and G.W. Marek. 2015. Optimizing cotton irrigation strategies as influenced by El Nino southern oscillation. Agronomy Journal, 107(5):1895-1904.
      84. Hernandez, J.E., P.H. Gowda, T.A. Howell, T.H. Marek, W. Ha, and L.K. Almas. 2015. Implications of 3 alternative management policies for Ogallala Aquifer sustainability in the Texas High Plains, Texas Water Journal, 6(1):86-102.
      85. Guzman, J.A., D.N. Moriasi, P.H. Gowda, J.L. Steiner, P.J. Starks, J.G. Arnold, and R. Srinivasan. 2015. A model integration framework for linking SWAT and MODFLOW. Environmental Modelling & Software, 73:103-116.
      86. Gowda, P.H., P.V. Varaprasad, S.V. Angadi, T.A. Howell, U.M. Rangappa, and P. Wagle. 2015. Finger Millet: An alternative crop for the Southern High Plains. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6:2686-2691.
      87. Evett, S.R., T.A. Howell, A.D. Schneider, K.S. Copeland, D.A. Dusek, D.K. Brauer, J.A. Tolk, G.W. Marek, T.M. Marek, and P.H. Gowda. 2015. The Bushland weighing lysimeters: A quarter century of crop ET investigations to advance sustainable irrigation. Transactions of the ASABE, 58(5):163-179.
      88. Arnold, J.G., M.A. Youssef, Y. Hen, M.J. White, A.Y. Sheshukov, A.M. Sadeghi, D.N. Moriasi, J.L. Steiner, D.M. Amatya, R.W. Skaggs, E.B. Haney, J. Jeong, M. Arabi, and P.H. Gowda. 2016. Hydrological Processes and Model Representation: Impact of soft data on calibration. Transactions of the ASABE, 58(6):1637-1660.
      89. Marek, G.M., P.H. Gowda, T.H. Marek, B. Auvermann, S.R. Evett, P.D. Colaizzi, and D.K. Brauer. 2016. Estimating preseason irrigation losses by characterizing evaporation of effective precipitation under bare soil conditions using large weighing lysimeters. Agricultural Water Management, 169:115-128.
      90. Colaizzi, P.D., N. Agam, J.A. Tolk, S.R. Evett, T.A. Howell, S.A. O’Shaughnessy, P.H. Gowda, W.P. Kustas, and M.C. Anderson. 2016. Advances in the two-source energy model: Partitioning of evapotranspiration and transpiration for cotton. Transactions of the ASABE, 59(1):181-197.
      91. Angadi, S.V. P.H. Gowda, H.W. Cutforth, and J. Idowu. 2016. Circles of live buffer strips in a center pivot to improve multiple ecosystem services and sustainability of irrigated agriculture in the Southern Great Plains. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 71(2):44A-49A.
      92. Wagle, P., P.H. Gowda, X. Xiao, and K.C. Anup. 2016. Parameterizing ecosystem light use efficiency to estimate maize gross primary production and evapotranspiration using MODIS EVI. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology and Forestry, 222:87-97.
      93. Angadi, S.V., M.R. Umesh, F.E. Contreras-Govea, K. Annadurai, S.B. Begna, M.A. Marsalis, N.A. Cole P.H. Gowda, R. Hagevoort, and L.M. Lauriault. 2016. In search of annual legumes to improve forage sorghum yield and nutritive value in the Southern High Plains. Crop, Forage & Turfgrass Management, 2(1):1-5.
      94. Marek, G.W., P.H. Gowda, S.R. Evett, R.L. Baumhardt, D.K. Brauer, T.A. Howell, T.H. Marek, and R. Srinivasan. 2016. Predicting ET for dryland cropping systems in the semiarid Texas High Plains using SWAT. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 52(2):298-314.
      95. Ajayi, S., S.K. Reddy, P.H. Gowda, Q. Xue, J. Rudd, P. Gautham, S. Liu, C. Biradar, and K. Jessup. 2016. Use of Spectral Reflectance for Estimating Plant Parameters of Winter Wheat Genotypes in the Texas High Plains. Journal of Crop Improvement, 30(2):176-195.
      96. Moorhead, J.E., P.H. Gowda, D.O. Porter, T.H. Marek, and G.W. Marek. 2016. Spatial variability in sensitivity coefficient of reference ET in the Texas High Plains, Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 32(2):263-269. Invited.
      97. Gowda, P.H., T. Oommen, D. Misra, R.C. Schwartz, T.A. Howell, and P. Wagle. 2016. Retrieving leaf area index from remotely sensed data using advanced statistical approaches. Remote Sensing & GIS, 5(1):156.
      98. Marek, G.W., P.H. Gowda, S.R. Evett, R.L. Baumhardt, D.K. Brauer, T.A. Howell, T.H. Marek, and R. Srinivasan. 2016. Calibration and validation of the SWAT model for predicting daily ET over irrigated crops in the Texas High Plains using lysimetric data. Transactions of the ASABE, 59(2)611-622. Invited.
      99. Amatya, D.M., S. Irmak, P.H. Gowda, G. Sun, J.E. Nettles, and K.R. Doughlas-Mankin. 2016. Ecosystem evapotranspiration: Challenges in measurements, estimates, and modeling. Transactions of the ASABE, 59(2):555-560.
      100. Al-Gaadi, K.A., V.C. Patil, E. Tola, R. Madugundu, and P.H. Gowda. 2016. Evaluation of METRIC-derived ET fluxes over irrigated alfalfa crop in desert conditions using scintillometer measurements. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 9(6):1-12.
      101. Gowda, P.H., T.A. Howell, R.L. Baumhardt, D.O. Porter, and T.H. Marek. 2016. A user-friendly interactive tool for estimating reference ET with ASCE standardized Penman-Monteith equation. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 32(3):383-390.
      102. Zhang, K., J. Wang, I. Ahmed, and P.H. Gowda. 2016. Advances in remote sensing and modeling of terrestrial hydro-meteorological processes and extremes. Advances in Meteorology, Volume 2016, Article ID 4371840, 3p.
      103. Anapalli, S.S., L.R. Ahuja, P.H. Gowda, L. Ma, G. Marek, S.R. Evett, and T.A. Howell. 2016. Simulation of crop evapotranspiration and crop coefficients with data in weighing lysimeters. Agricultural Water Management, 177:274-283.
      104. Araya, A., I. Kisekka, and P.H. Gowda. 2017. Evaluation of water-limited cropping systems in a semi-arid using DSSAT-CSM. Agricultural Systems, 150:86-98.
      105. Wagle, P., X. Xiao, P.H. Gowda, J. Basara, N. Brunsell, J.L. Steiner, and K.C. Anup. 2017. Analysis and estimation of tallgrass prairie evapotranspiration in the Central United States. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 232:35-47.
      106. Wagle, P., X. Xiao, T.E. Kolb, B.E. Law, S. Wharton, R.K. Monson, J. Chen, P.D. Blanken, K.A. Novick, S. Dore, A. Noormets, and P.H. Gowda. 2017. Differential responses of carbon and water vapor fluxes to climate among evergreen needleleaf forests in the USA. Ecological Processes, DOI:101186/s13717-016-0053-5.
      107. Marek, G.W., P.H. Gowda, T.H. Marek, D.O. Porter, R.L. Baumhardt, and D.K. Brauver. 2017. Modeling lont-term water use of irrigated cropping rotations in the Texas High Plains using SWAT. Irrigation Science, 35:111-123.
      108. Zhou, Y., X. Xiao, P. Wagle, R. Rajen, H. Mahan, J.B. Basara, j. Dong, Y. Qin, G. Zhang, Y. Luo, P.H. Gowda, J.P.S. Neel, P.J. starks, and J.L. Steiner. 2017. Examining the short-term impacts of diverse management practices on plant phenology and carbon fluxes of old world bluestems pasture. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 237:60-70.
      109. Kisekka, I., A. Schlegel, L. Ma, P.H. Gowda, and P.V. Prasad. 2017. Optimizing preplant irrigation for maize under limited water in the High Plains. Agricultural Water Management, 187:154-163.
      110. Wagle, P., P.H. Gowda, S. Anapalli, K.N. Reddy, and B.K. Northup. 2017. Growing season variability in carbon dioxide exchange of irrigated and rainfed soybean in the Southern United States. Science of the Total Environment, 593-594:263-273.
      111. Wagle, P., N. Bhattarai, P.H. Gowda, and V.G. Kakani. 2017. Performance of five surface energy balance models for estimating daily evapotranspiration in high biomass sorghum. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 128:192-203.
      112. Marek, G.W., T.H. Marek, Q. Xue, P.H. Gowda, S.R. Evett, and D.K. Brauer. 2017. Simulating evapotranspiration (ET) and corn yield response to irrigation management in the Texas High Plains using DSSAT-CERES-Maize. Transactions of the ASABE, 60(3):837-846.
      113. Koksal, E.S., C. Bilal, S. Cetin, P.H. Gowda, T.A. Howell, and S. Cetin. 2017. Estimating missing hourly climatic data using artificial neural network for energy balance based ET mapping applications Meteorological Applications, 24(3):457-465.
      114. Wang, B., J.L. Steiner, F. Zheng, and P.H. Gowda. 2017. Impact of rainfall patterns on interrill erosion processes. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms (In Print). doi/10.1002/esp.4140/full.
      115. Wagle, P., P.H. Gowda, J.E. Moorhead, G.W. Marek, and D.K. Brauer. 2017. Net ecosystem CO2 exchange and evapotranspiration of irrigated grain sorghum in the Texas High Plains. Atmospheric Environment Journal (In Review).
      116. Moorhead, J.E., P.H. Gowda, G.W. Marek, S.R. Evett, T.H. Marek, D.O. Porter. 2017. Evaluation of hourly and daily evapotranspiration from a surface layer Scintillometer against a large weighing lysimeter. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (In review).
      117. Wagle, P., and P.H. Gowda. 2017. A review on climate change response and greenhouse gas emissions of tallgrass prairie systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment (in review).
      118. Wagle, P., P.H. Gowda, J.E. Moorhead, G.W. Marek, and D.K. Brauer. 2017. Carbon and water vapor fluxes from irrigated grain sorghum in the Texas High Plains. Atmospheric Environment (in review).
      119. Saleh, A., N. Rewati, G.W. Marek, P.H. Gowda, D.K. Brauer, and T.A. Howell. 2016. Lysimetric evaluation of the APEX model to simulate daily ET for irrigated crops on the Texas High Plains. Agricultural Water Management (in review).
      120. Araya, A., I. Kisekka, P.V. Vara Prasad, and P.H. Gowda. 2017. Evaluating optimum limited irrigation management strategies for corn. Agricultural Water Management (in review).
      121. Kisekka, I., P.V. Vara Prasad, P.H. Gowda, and X. Lin. 2017. Evaluating the impact of future climate change on irrigated corn production in Kansas. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Journal (in review).