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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Stephanie Patfield
Foodborne Toxin Detection and Prevention Research
Biological Science Lab Technician

Phone: (510) 559-5657
Fax: (510) 559-6429

USDA, ARS, PWA, WRRC-FTDP
800 BUCHANAN ST
ALBANY , CA 94710


Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Validation of two new immunoassays for sensative detection of a broad range of shiga toxins -
Kong, Q., Patfield, S.A., Skinner, C.B., Stanker, L.H., Gehring, A.G., Fratamico, P.M., Rubio, F., Qi, W., He, X. 2016. Validation of two new immunoassays for sensative detection of a broad range of shiga toxins. Austin Immunology. 1(2):1007.
Detecting and discriminating among Shiga toxins -
Silva, C.J., Erickson-Beltran, M.L., Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., He, X., Wu, V.C. 2016. Detecting and discriminating among Shiga toxins. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.6b00379.
Phage-mediated Shiga toxin (Stx) horizontal gene transfer and expression in non-Shiga toxigenic Enterobacter and Escherichia coli strains -
Khalil, R., Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., He, X. 2016. Phage-mediated Shiga toxin (Stx) horizontal gene transfer and expression in non-Shiga toxigenic Enterobacter and Escherichia coli strains. Pathogens and Disease. 74(5):1-11. doi: 10.1093/femspd/ftw037.
Safe, rapid, and sensitive method of quantitating and distinguishing among Shiga toxins in complex media and human serum -
Wu, V.C., Silva, C.J., Erickson-Beltran, M.L., Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., He, X. 2016. Safe, rapid, and sensitive method of quantitating and distinguishing among Shiga toxins in complex media and human serum. ARS Food Safety and Inspection Service Research Workshop. ARS-FSIS.
New monoclonal antibodies against a novel subtype of Shiga toxin 1 produced by Enterobacter cloacae and their use in analysis of human serum -
Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., Khalil, R., Kong, Q., He, X. 2016. New monoclonal antibodies against a novel subtype of Shiga toxin 1 produced by Enterobacter cloacae and their use in analysis of human serum. mSphere. 1(1):e00099-15.
A new immunoassay for detecting all subtypes of Shiga toxins produced by Shiga toxin-producing E. coli in ground beef -
He, X., Kong, Q., Patfield, S.A., Skinner, C.B., Rasooly, R. 2016. A new immunoassay for detecting all subtypes of Shiga toxins produced by Shiga toxin-producing E. coli in ground beef. PLoS One. 11(1):e0148092.
Analysis of castor by ELISAs that distinguish Ricin and Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA) -
Brandon, D.L., McKeon, T.A., Patfield, S.A., He, X. 2016. Analysis of castor by ELISAs that distinguish Ricin and Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA). Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 93:359-363.
Evaluation of castor oil samples for potential toxin contamination -
Mckeon, T.A., Patfield, S.A., He, X. 2016. Evaluation of castor oil samples for potential toxin contamination. Industrial Crops and Products. 93:299-301.
Mass spectrometry-based method of detecting and distinguishing type 1 and type 2 Shiga-like toxins in human serum Reprint Icon -
Silva, C.J., Erickson-Beltran, M.L., Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., He, X. 2015. Mass spectrometry-based method of detecting and distinguishing type 1 and type 2 Shiga-like toxins in human serum. Toxins. 7:5236-5253.
Immuno-PCR assay for sensitive detection of proteins in real time -
He, X., Patfield, S.A. 2016. Immuno-PCR assay for sensitive detection of proteins in real time. Methods in Molecular Biology. 1318:139-148 doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2742-5_14.
An in vitro combined antibiotic/antibody treatment eliminates toxicity from Shiga toxin-producing E. coli Reprint Icon -
Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., He, X., Zhang, G. 2015. An in vitro combined antibiotic/antibody treatment eliminates toxicity from Shiga toxin-producing E. coli. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 59(9):5435-5444.
New Stx2e monoclonal antibodies for immunological detection and distinction of Stx2 subtypes Reprint Icon -
Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., Hernlem, B.J., He, X. 2015. New Stx2e monoclonal antibodies for immunological detection and distinction of Stx2 subtypes. PLoS One. 10(7):e0132419.
New high-affinity monoclonal antibodies against Shiga toxin 1 facilitate the detection of hybrid Stx1/Stx2 in vivo -
Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., Stanker, L.H., Fratamico, P.M., He, X. 2014. New high-affinity monoclonal antibodies against Shiga toxin 1 facilitate the detection of hybrid Stx1/Stx2 in vivo. PLoS One. 9(6):e99854. DOI:10.1371journal.pone0099854.
Safe and effective means of detecting and quantitating Shiga-like toxins in attomole amounts Reprint Icon -
Silva, C.J., Erickson-Beltran, M.L., Skinner, C.B., Dynin, I., Hui, C., Patfield, S.A., Carter, J.M., He, X. 2014. Safe and effective means of detecting and quantitating Shiga-like toxins in attomole amounts. Analytical Chemistry. 86(10):4698-4706.
Using mass spectrometry to detect and discriminate among Shiga-like toxins in the attomole range. Reprint Icon -
Silva, C.J., Erickson-Beltran, M.L., Skinner, C.B., Dynin, I.A., Hui, C., Patfield, S.A., He, X. 2014. Using mass spectrometry to detect and discriminate among Shiga-like toxins in the attomole range [abstract]. Meeting Abstract. Innovations in Mass Spectrometry. Paper No. 355.
Mouse in vivo neutralization of Escherichia coli Shiga toxin 2 with monoclonal antibodies Reprint Icon -
Cheng, L.W., Henderson II, T.D., Patfield, S.A., Stanker, L.H., He, X. 2013. Mouse in vivo neutralization of Escherichia coli Shiga toxin 2 with monoclonal antibodies. Infection and Immunity. 5:1845-1858. DOI: 10.3390/toxins5101845.
Development of monoclonal antibodies and immunoassays for sensitive and specific detection of Shiga Toxin Stx2f -
Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., Stanker, L.H., He, X. 2013. Development of monoclonal antibodies and immunoassays for sensitive and specific detection of Shiga Toxin Stx2f. PLoS One. 8(9):e76563 DOI: 10.1371/journal/pone.0076563.
A polyclonal antibody based immunoassay detects seven subtypes of Shiga toxin 2 produced by escherichia coli in human and environmental samples -
He, X., Patfield, S.A., Hnasko, R.M., Rasooly, R., Mandrell, R.E. 2013. A polyclonal antibody based immunoassay detects seven subtypes of Shiga toxin 2 produced by escherichia coli in human and environmental samples. PLoS One. 8(10):e76368.
Purification and characterization of Shiga toxin 2f, an immunologically unrelated subtype of Shiga toxin 2 Reprint Icon -
Skinner, C.B., Patfield, S.A., Rasooly, R., Carter, J.M., He, X. 2013. Purification and characterization of Shiga toxin 2f, an immunologically unrelated subtype of Shiga toxin 2. PLoS One. 8(3):e59760.
Development and characterization of monoclonal antibodies against Shiga toxin 2 and their application for toxin detection in milk -
He, X., Mcmahon, S.A., Skinner, C.B., Merrill, P.A., Scotcher, M., Stanker, L.H. 2013. Development and characterization of monoclonal antibodies against Shiga toxin 2 and their application for toxin detection in milk. Journal of Immunological Methods. 389(1-2):18-28. doi:10.1016/j.jim.2012.12.005.
A single-step purification and molecular characterization of functional Shiga toxin 2 variants from pathogenic Escherichia coli -
He, X., Quinones, B., Mcmahon, S.A., Mandrell, R.E. 2012. A single-step purification and molecular characterization of functional Shiga toxin 2 variants from pathogenic Escherichia coli. Toxins. 4(7):487-504. doi:10.3390/toxins4070487
Evaluation and comparison of three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay formats for the detection of ricin in milk and serum -
He, X., Mcmahon, S.A., Rasooly, R. 2012. Evaluation and comparison of three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay formats for the detection of ricin in milk and serum. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology. 1(2):105-109. doi:10.1016/j.bcab.2011.08.016.
Comparison of a high-density genetic linkage map to genome features in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon -
Huo, N., Garvin, D.F., You, F., McMahon, S.A., Luo, M., Gu, Y.Q., Lazo, G.R., Vogel, J.P. 2011. Comparison of a high-density genetic linkage map to genome features in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 123(3):455-464.
Sensitive detection of Shiga toxin 2 and some of its Stx 2 variants in environmental samples by a novel immuno-PCR assay -
He, X., Qi, W., Quinones, B., Mcmahon, S.A., Cooley, M.B., Mandrell, R.E. 2011. Sensitive detection of Shiga toxin 2 and some of its Stx 2 variants in environmental samples by a novel immuno-PCR assay. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77(1):3558-3564. doi:10.1128/AEM.02205-10.
Ricin toxicokinetics and its sensitive detection in mouse sera or feces using immuno-PCR -
He, X., Mcmahon, S.A., Henderson II, T.D., Griffey, S.M., Cheng, L.W. 2010. Ricin toxicokinetics and its sensitive detection in mouse sera or feces using immuno-PCR. PLoS One. 5(9):e12858. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012858.
Development of a Novel Immuno-PCR Assay for Detection of Ricin in Ground Beef, Liquid Chicken Egg and Milk -
He, X., McMahon, S.A., McKeon, T.A., Brandon, D.L. 2010. Development of a Novel Immuno-PCR Assay for Detection of Ricin in Ground Beef, Liquid Chicken Egg and Milk. Journal of Food Protection. 73(4):695-700
Structural characterization of Brachypodium genome and its syntenic relationship with rice and wheat -
Huo, N., Vogel, J.P., Lazo, G.R., You, F., Ma, Y., McMahon, S.A., Dvorak, J., Anderson, O.D., Luo, M., Gu, Y.Q. 2009. Structural characterization of Brachypodium genome and its syntenic relationship with rice and wheat. Plant Molecular Biology. 70: 47-61.
Last Modified: 5/2/2016
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