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Michael Williams Gates
Systematic Entomology Laboratory
Entomology

Phone: (202) 633-4554
Fax: (202) 786-9422

SYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY LABORATORY, MRC-168
P.O. BOX 37012
NMNH
WASHINGTON , DC 200137012
Projects
Systematics of Parasitic and Herbivorous Wasps of Agricultural Importance
In-House Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 429951

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Revision of Canadian Eurytomidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) associated with galls induced by cynipid wasps of the genus Diplolepis Geoffroy (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) -
New host plant and distribution records for Antistrophus laciniatus Gillette, 1891 (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae), an herb gall wasp on Silphium -
Buffington, M.L., Prasifka, J., Gates, M.W., Kula, R.R., Peterson, K. 2017. New host plant and distribution records for Antistrophus laciniatus Gillette, 1891 (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae), an herb gall wasp on Silphium. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 119(4):660-666.
The Gall Associates of Asphondylia poss. swaedicola Kieffer & Jörgensen (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on Suaeda divaricata Moq. (Amaranthaceae) in Semiarid Argentina and Summary of Parasitic Hymenoptera Associated with Suaeda -
Gates, M.W., Kula, R.R., Buffington, M.L., Javier, T., Patricio, F. 2017. The Gall Associates of Asphondylia poss. swaedicola Kieffer & Jörgensen (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on Suaeda divaricata Moq. (Amaranthaceae) in Semiarid Argentina and Summary of Parasitic Hymenoptera Associated with Suaeda. Neotropical Entomology. 2:1-12.
A new species of Ormocerus Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) from North America and a range expansion for Ormocerus latus Walker -
Morin, H., Gates, M.W., Miko, I. 2017. A new species of Ormocerus Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) from North America and a range expansion for Ormocerus latus Walker. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 119(4):619-628.
Test of a natural enemy hypothesis on plant community provenance: parasitoids collected from turf of native and exotic ornamental landscapes -
Parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Apocrita) associated with Sagittaria latifolia Willd. and Sagittaria platyphylla (Engelm.) J. G. Sm. (Alismatales: Alismataceae) in the Nearctic Region -
Kula, R.R., Gates, M.W., Buffington, M.L., Harms, N.E. 2017. Parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Apocrita) associated with Sagittaria latifolia Willd. and Sagittaria platyphylla (Engelm.) J. G. Sm. (Alismatales: Alismataceae) in the Nearctic Region. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 119(2):215-227.
Phylogenomic analysis of ants, bees and stinging wasps: Improved taxon sampling enhances understanding of hymenopteran evolution -
Branstetter, M., Danforth, B., Pitts, J., Faircloth, B., Ward, P., Buffington, M.L., Gates, M.W., Kula, R.R., Brady, S. 2017. Phylogenomic analysis of ants, bees and stinging wasps: Improved taxon sampling enhances understanding of hymenopteran evolution. Nature Ecology and Evolution. 27:1019-1025.
A new species of oobius trjapitzin (hymenoptera:encyrtidae) from the russian far east that parasitizes eggs of emerald ash borer (coleoptera:buprestidae) -
Yao, Y., Duan, J.J., Hopper, K.R., Moltern, J.L., Gates, M.W. 2016. A new species of oobius trjapitzin (hymenoptera:encyrtidae) from the russian far east that parasitizes eggs of emerald ash borer (coleoptera:buprestidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 109(4):629-638. doi: 10.1093/aesa/saw022.
A new species of genus Oobius (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from the Russian Far East that parasitizes eggs of Emerald Ash Borer -
Yao, Y., Duan, J.J., Hopper, K.R., Mottern, J.L., Gates, M.W. 2016. A new species of genus Oobius (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from the Russian Far East that parasitizes eggs of Emerald Ash Borer. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 1-10: doi: 10.1093/aesa/saw022.
Impact of the egg parasitoid, gryon pennsylvanicum (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), on sentinel and wild egg masses of the squash bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in Maryland Reprint Icon -
Cornelius, M.L., Buffington, M.L., Talamas, E.J., Gates, M.W. 2016. Parasitism and predation rates on sentinel and naturally occurring egg masses of the squash bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in Maryland. Environmental Entomology. 45(2) 367-375.
Predation and Parasitism Rates on Sentinel and Naturally Occurring Egg Masses of the Squash Bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in Maryland -
Cornelius, M.L., Buffington, M.L., Talamas, E.J., Gates, M.W. 2016. Predation and Parasitism Rates on Sentinel and Naturally Occurring Egg Masses of the Squash Bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in Maryland. Environmental Entomology. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvv228 367-375..
First report of an egg parasitoid reared from Neomusotima conspurcatalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) a biological control agent of Lygodium microphyllum (Polypodiales: Lygodiaceae) -
Lake, E., Gates, M.W., Smith, M., Witkus, G., Pratt, P. 2015. First report of an egg parasitoid reared from Neomusotima conspurcatalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) a biological control agent of Lygodium microphyllum (Polypodiales: Lygodiaceae). Florida Entomologist. 98:(4):1244-1246.
Review of Hyperimerus (Pteromalidae: Asaphinae) in North America, with redescription of Hyperimerus corvus (Girault) -
Gates, M.W., Schender, D., Katz, K. 2015. Review of Hyperimerus (Pteromalidae: Asaphinae) in North America, with redescription of Hyperimerus corvus (Girault). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 116(4):408-420.
Two new species of Oobius Trjapitzin (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) egg parasitoids of Agrilus spp. (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) from the USA, including a key and taxonomic notes on other congeneric Nearctic taxa Reprint Icon -
Triapitsyn, S., Petrice, T., Gates, M.W., Bauer, L.S. 2015. Two new species of Oobius Trjapitzin (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) egg parasitoids of Agrilus spp. (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) from the USA, including a key and taxonomic notes on other congeneric Nearctic taxa. ZooKeys. 498:29-50.
Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) as a potential natural enemy of corn-infesting Ulidiidae -
Owens, D., Nuessly, G., Gates, M.W. 2015. Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) as a potential natural enemy of corn-infesting Ulidiidae. Florida Entomologist. 98(1):276-279.
NOMENCLATURAL NOTES ON THE EURYTOMIDS (CHALCIDOIDEA: EURYTOMIDAE) DESCRIBED BY JEAN BRÈTHES HOUSED IN MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES “BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA” -
Gates, M.W. 2014. NOMENCLATURAL NOTES ON THE EURYTOMIDS (CHALCIDOIDEA: EURYTOMIDAE) DESCRIBED BY JEAN BRÈTHES HOUSED IN MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES “BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA”. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 3790:185-193.
The description of Paramblynotus delaneyi (Hymenoptera: Liopteridae), a new species from Joshua Tree National Park Reprint Icon -
Buffington, M.L., Gates, M.W. 2013. The description of Paramblynotus delaneyi (Hymenoptera: Liopteridae), a new species from Joshua Tree National Park. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 115(4):358-368.
Testing species limits of eurytomids (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) associated with galls induced by Diplolepis (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) in Canada using DNA barcoding -
Zhang, Y., Gates, M.W., Shorthouse, J.D. 2013. Testing species limits of eurytomids (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) associated with galls induced by Diplolepis (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) in Canada using DNA barcoding. The Canadian Entomologist. 146:1-14.
New host record for Camponotophilus delvarei (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae), a parasitoid of Microdon sp. larvae associated with the ant Camponotus sp. aff. textor Reprint Icon -
Perez-Lachaud, G., Gates, M.W., Lachaud, J. 2013. New host record for Camponotophilus delvarei (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae), a parasitoid of Microdon sp. larvae associated with the ant Camponotus sp. aff. textor. Psyche. 2013:1-6.
New Isosomodes (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) and implications for biological control in rice (Oryza sativae; Poaceae) -
Gates, M.W., Hanson, P. 2013. New Isosomodes (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) and implications for biological control in rice (Oryza sativae; Poaceae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 115(3):256-264.
A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) -
Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.Y., Delvare, G., Jansta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S.L., Polaszek, A.P., Schmidt, S., Darling, C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Dalmolin, A., Murray, E., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J., Van Noort, S., George, J., Yoder, M.J. 2012. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics. 1-77.
The relationship between variable host grouping and functional response among parasitoids Reprint Icon -
Low, C., Scheffer, S.J., Lewis, M.L., Gates, M.W. 2012. The relationship between variable host grouping and functional response among parasitoids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 21(23):5892-5904.
Parasitoids attacking larvae of a recently introduced weed biological control agent, Neomusotima conspurcatalis Warren (Lepidoptera: Crambidae): key to species, natural history, and integrative taxonomy Reprint Icon -
Boughton, A.J., Kula, R.R., Gates, M.W., Zhang, Y., Nunez, M., O'Connor, J., Whitfield, J.B., Center, T.D. 2012. Parasitoids attacking larvae of a recently introduced weed biological control agent, Neomusotima conspurcatalis Warren (Lepidoptera: Crambidae): key to species, natural history, and integrative taxonomy. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 105:753-767.
A hymenopterist’s guide to the Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology: utility, clarification, and future directions Reprint Icon -
Seltmann, K.C., Yoder, M.J., Miko, I., Forshage, M., Bertone, M.A., Agosti, D., Austin, A.D., Balhoff, J.P., Borowiec, M.L., Brady, S.J., Broad, G.R., Brothers, D.J., Burks, R.A., Buffington, M.L., Campbell, H.M., Dew, K.J., Ernst, A.F., Fernandez-Triana, J.L., Gates, M.W., Gibson, G.P., Jennings, J.T., Johnson, N.F., Karlsson, D., Kawada, R., Krogmann, L., Mullins, P.L., Ohl, M., Rasmussen, C., Ronquist, F., Schulmeister, S., Sharkey, M.J., Talamas, E., Vihelmsen, L., Ward, P.S., Wharton, R.A., Deans, A.R., Kula, R.R. 2012. A hymenopterist’s guide to the Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology: utility, clarification, and future directions. Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 27:67-88.
Description of Camponotophilus, gen. n. (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae), with discussion of diagnostic characters -
Gates, M.W., Perez-Lachaud, G. 2012. Description of Camponotophilus, gen. n. (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae), with discussion of diagnostic characters. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 114(2):111-124.
Description of two techniques to increase efficiency in processing and curating minute arthropods, with special reference to parasitic Hymenoptera -
Gates, M.W., Buffington, M.L. 2011. Description of two techniques to increase efficiency in processing and curating minute arthropods, with special reference to parasitic Hymenoptera. Entomological News. 22:133-140.
Review of parasitic wasps and flies (Hymenoptera, Diptera) attacking Limacodidae (Lepidoptera) in North America, with a key to genera Reprint Icon -
Gates, M.W., O'Hara, J.E., Kula, R.R., Smith, D.R., Lill, J.T., Whitfield, J.B., Stoepler, T.M., Wahl, D.B., Murphy, S.M. 2012. Review of parasitic wasps and flies (Hymenoptera, Diptera) attacking Limacodidae (Lepidoptera) in North America, with a key to genera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 114(1):24-110.
The first state record for Dirhinus Texanus Ashmead (Hymenoptera; Chalcididae) from Utah, USA -
Pech, L.L., Gates, M.W., Graham, T.B. 2011. The first state record for Dirhinus Texanus Ashmead (Hymenoptera; Chalcididae) from Utah, USA. Southwestern Naturalist. 56(2):275-276.
A new species of Alveoplectrus Wijesekara & Schauff (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae) parasitic on Limacodidae (Lepidoptera) -
Gates, M.W., Stoepler, T. 2010. A new species of Alveoplectrus Wijesekara & Schauff (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae) parasitic on Limacodidae (Lepidoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 112(2):207-213.
Consideration of Eurytoma sivinskii Gates and Grissell, a eurytomid (Hymenoptera) with unusual foraging behaviors, as a biological control agent of tephritid (Diptera) fruit flies -
Mena-Correa, J., Sivinski, J.M., Anzures-Dadda, A., Ramirez-Romero, R., Gates, M.W., Aluja, M. 2010. Consideration of Eurytoma sivinskii Gates and Grissell, a eurytomid (Hymenoptera) with unusual foraging behaviors, as a biological control agent of tephritid (Diptera) fruit flies. Biological Control. 53:9-17.
A new species of Aximopsis sensu lato ashmead (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae) parasitic on Euglossa spp. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) -
Gates, M.W. 2009. A new species of Aximopsis sensu lato ashmead (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae) parasitic on Euglossa spp. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Zootaxa. 16:22-29.
A NEW SPECIES OF INVASIVE GALL WASP (HYMENOPTERA: EULOPHIDAE: TETRASTICHINAE) ON BLUE GUM (EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS) IN CALIFORNIA -
Lasalle, J., Arakelian, G., Garrison, R., Gates, M.W. 2009. A new species of invasive gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae) on blue gum (Eucalyptus Globulus) in California. Zootaxa. 2121:35-43.
Consideration of Eurytoma Sivinskii Gates and Grissell, a Eurytomid (Hymenoptera) with unusual foraging behaviours, as a biological control agent of Tephritid (Diptera) fruit flies -
Mena-Correa, J., Sivinski, J., Ramirez-Romero, R., Gates, M.W., Aluja, M., Cordova-Garcia, G. 2010. Consideration of Eurytoma Sivinskii Gates and Grissell, a Eurytomid (Hymenoptera) with unusual foraging behaviours, as a biological control agent of Tephritid (Diptera) fruit flies. Biological Control. 53(1):9-17.
A revision of Bephrata and Isosomodes (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) -
Gates, M.W., Hanson, P. 2009. A revision of Bephrata and Isosomodes (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 18(1):25-73.
Biology of Eurytoma sivinskii, an unusual eurytomid (Hymenoptera) parasitoid of fruit fly (Diptera:Tephritidae) pupae -
Mena-Correa, J., Sivinski, J.M., Gates, M.W., Ramirez-Romero, R., Aluja, M. 2008. Biology of Eurytoma sivinskii, an unusual eurytomid (Hymenoptera) parasitoid of fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) pupae. Florida Entomologist. 91(4):598-603.
Advanced imaging techniques II: using a compound microscope for photographing point-mount specimens -
Buffington, M.L., Gates, M.W. 2008. Advanced imaging techniques II: using a compound microscope for photographing point-mount specimens. American Entomologist. 54(4):222-224.
The Fractionator: a simple tool for mining 'Black Gold' -
Buffington, M.L., Gates, M.W. 2008. The Fractionator: a simple tool for mining 'Black Gold'. Popular Publication. 2(24):1-4.
Description of Khamul, gen. nov. (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae), with hypothesis of its phylogenetic placement -
Gates, M.W. 2008. Description of Khamul, gen. nov. (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae), with hypothesis of its phylogenetic placement. Zootaxa. 1898:1-33.
The genus Mymaromella (Hymenoptera: Mymarommatidae) in North America, with a key to described extant species of the world -
Huber, J., Gibson, G., Bauer, L., Liu, H., Gates, M.W. 2008. The genus Mymaromella (Hymenoptera: Mymarommatidae) in North America, with a key to described extant species of the world. Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 17(2):175-194.
Biology of Eurytoma Sivinskii, an unusual Eurytomid (Hymenoptera) parasitoid of fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) pupae -
Mena-Correa, J., Sivinski, J., Gates, M.W., Ramirez-Romero, R., Aluja, M. 2008. Biology of Eurytoma Sivinskii, an unusual Eurytomid (Hymenoptera) parasitoid of fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) pupae. Florida Entomologist. 91:598-603.
A new species of Eurytoma (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) attacking, Quadrastichus spp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) galling Erythrina spp. (Fabaceae) with a summary of African Eurytoma spp. biology and species checklist -
Gates, M.W., Gerard, D. 2008. A new species of Eurytoma (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) attacking, Quadrastichus spp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) galling Erythrina spp. (Fabaceae) with a summary of African Eurytoma spp. biology and species checklist. Zootaxa. 1751:1-24.
Description of immature stages of Eurytoma sivinskii Gates and Grissell (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae), an ectoparasitoid of Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) pupae -
Gates, M.W., Mena-Correa, J., Cordova-Garcia, G., Aluja, M., Sivinski, J. 2008. Description of immature stages of Eurytoma sivinskii Gates and Grissell (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae), an ectoparasitoid of Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) pupae. Entomological News. 119:354-359.
Species Revision and Generic Systematics of World Rileyinae (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) -
Gates, M.W. 2008. Species Revision and Generic Systematics of World Rileyinae (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae). University of California Publications in Entomology. 127:332.
Validating DNA barcodes: A non-destructive extraction protocol enables simultaneous vouchering of DNA and morphological vouchers -
Rowley, D.L., Coddington, J.A., Gates, M.W., Norrbom, A.L., Ochoa, R., Vandenberg, N.J., Greenstone, M.H. 2007. Validating DNA barcodes: A non-destructive extraction protocol enables simultaneous vouchering of DNA and morphological vouchers. National Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting. 7:915-924.
Endobia donacis Erdös (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) newly reported from the Western Hemisphere and a review of the genus -
Gates, M.W., Smith, D. 2007. Endobia donacis Erdös (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) newly reported from the Western Hemisphere and a review of the genus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 109:868-871.
FIRST REPORT OF CONCHASPIS CORDIAE (HEMIPTERA: CONCHASPIDIDAE) IN FLORIDA AND THE UNITED STATES. -
Howard, F.W., Hodges, G.S., Gates, M.W. 2006. First report of Conchaspis cordiae (Hemiptera: Conchaspididae) in Florida and the United States. Florida Entomologist. 89:102-104.
THE CIRCUMSCRIPTION OF THE GENERIC CONCEPT OF AXIMOPSIS ASHMEAD (HYMENOPTERA: CHALCIDOIDEA: EURYTOMIDAE) WITH THE DESCRIPTION OF SEVEN NEW SPECIES -
Gates, M.W., Metz, M., Schauff, M.E. 2006. The circumscription of the generic concept of Aximopsis Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae) with the description of seven new species. Zootaxa. 1273:9-54.
Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of the Cabbage Seedpod Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Georgia -
Gibson, G.A., Gates, M.W., Buntin, G.D. 2006. Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of the Cabbage Seedpod Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Georgia. Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 15(2):187-207.
A NEW PEDIOBIUS (HYMENOPTERA: EULOPHIDAE) ATTACKING CHYLIZA APICALIS LOEW (DIPTERA: PSILIDAE) ASSOCIATED WITH REARINGS OF AGRILUS PLANIPENNIS FAIRMAIRE (COLEOPTERA: BUPRESTIDAE). -
Gates, M.W., Liu, H., Bauer, L.S., Schauff, M.E. 2006. A new Pediobius (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) attacking Chyliza apicalis loew (Diptera: Psilidae) associated with rearings of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Great Lakes Entomologist. 38:76-82.
POPULATION CHARACTERIZATION OF INTRODUCED BALCHA INDICA (MANI & KAUL) (HYMENOPTERA: EUPELMIDAE) IN NORTH AMERICA, A PARASITOID OF EMERALD ASH BORER, AGRILUS PLANIPENNIS FAIRMAIRE (COLEOPTERA: BUPRESTIDAE). -
Gates, M.W., Gibson, G.A., Bauer, L., Liu, H. 2005. Population characterization of introduced Balcha indica (Mani & Kaul) (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) in North America, a parasitoid of Emerald Ash Borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Meeting Abstract.(#183699: December 15, 2005)
REPORT OF A NOVEL BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FOR PARACRIAS HUBERI GUMOVSKY (HYMENOPTERA: EULOPHIDAE) WITH A REDESCRIPTION OF THE FEMALE AND A DESCRIPTION OF THE UNKNOWN MALE -
Metz, M.A., Gates, M.W., Schauff, M.E. 2005. Report of a novel biological association for Paracrias huberi Gumovsky (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) with a redescription of the female and a description of the unknown male. Zootaxa. (#178780: June 14, 2005)
ONCASTICHUS GOUGHI (HYMENOPTERA: EULOPHIDAE), AN INTRODUCED PEST OF WAXFLOWER (MYRTACEAE; CHAMELAUCIUM UNCINATUM) NEWLY REPORTED FROM PERU. -
Gates, M.W., Schauff, M.E. 2005. Oncastichus goughi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), an introduced pest of waxflower (Myrtaceae; Chamelaucium uncinatum) newly reported from Peru. Entomological News. 116(2):115-116
REVIEW OF NEARCTIC AULOGYMNUS (HYMENOPTERA: EULOPHIDAE) WITH NOMENCLATURAL CHANGES -
Schauff, M.E., Gates, M.W. 2005. Review of Nearctic Aulogymnus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) with nomenclatural changes. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae. 68:225-245.
FAMILY EULOPHIDAE -
Schauff, M.E., Gates, M.W., Lasalle, J. 2006. FAMILY EULOPHIDAE. Neotropical Hymenoptera. 755-760.
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