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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Tyler C Thacker
Infectious Bacterial Diseases Research
Microbiology

Phone: (515) 337-7294
Fax: (515) 337-7149

Room 3423
1920 DAYTON AVE
AMES , IA 50010

Projects
IMMUNOLOGY AND INTERVENTION STRATEGIES FOR JOHNE'S DISEASE
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 421683
PREVENTION AND CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR TUBERCULOSIS IN CATTLE AND WILDLIFE RESERVOIRS
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 422014

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Differential gene expression of three mastitis-causing Escherichia coli strains grown in planktonic, swimming, and swarming culture conditions -
Lippolis, J.D., Brunelle, B.W., Reinhardt, T.A., Sacco, R.E., Thacker, T.C., Looft, T.P., Casey, T. 2016. Differential gene expression of three mastitis-causing Escherichia coli strains grown in planktonic, swimming, and swarming culture conditions. mSystems. 1(4):e00064-16.
Screening of microbial volatile organic compounds for detection of disease in cattle: development of lab-scale method -
Mauer, D., Ellis, C., Thacker, T.C., Rice, S., Koziel, J. 2016. Screening of microbial volatile organic compounds for detection of disease in cattle: development of lab-scale method. Meeting Abstract. page 74.
Vaccination of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) for protection against bovine tuberculosis -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Robbe-Austerman, S., Dressel, D., Vercauteren, K., Lavelle, M., Campa, H., Nol, P. 2016. Vaccination of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) for protection against bovine tuberculosis. Meeting Abstract. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.06.056 1(1):200.
Interleukin-17A as a biomarker for bovine tuberculosis -
Waters, W.R., Maggioli, M.F., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Mcgill, J.L., Vordermeier, M., Berney-Meyers, L., Jacobs Jr., W.R., Larsen, M.H. 2015. Interleukin-17A as a biomarker for bovine tuberculosis. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 23(2):168-80. doi: 10.1128/CVI.00637-15.
Polyfunctional cytokine production by central memory T cells from cattle in response to Mycobacterium bovis infection and BCG vaccination -
Anatomical distribution of Mycobacterium bovis genotypes in experimentally infected white-tailed deer -
Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Robbe-Austerman, S., Stuber, T.P., Waters, W.R. 2015. Anatomical distribution of Mycobacterium bovis genotypes in experimentally infected white-tailed deer. Veterinary Microbiology. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2015.07.006.
Analysis of cytokine mRNA expression using a novel chromogenic in situ hybridization method in pulmonary granulomas of cattle experimentally infected by aerosolized Mycobacterium bovis -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R. 2015. Analysis of cytokine mRNA expression using a novel chromogenic in situ hybridization method in pulmonary granulomas of cattle experimentally infected by aerosolized Mycobacterium bovis. Journal of Comparative Pathology. 153(2-3):150-159.
The effects of serial skin testing with purified protein derivative on the level and quality of antibodies to complex and defined antigens in Mycobacterium bovis-infected cattle Reprint Icon -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Stafne, M.R., Bass, K.E., Maggioli, M., Thacker, T.C., Linscott, R., Lawrence, J.C., Nelson, J.T., Esfandiari, J., Greenwald, R., Lyashchenko, K.P. 2015. The effects of serial skin testing with purified protein derivative on the level and quality of antibodies to complex and defined antigens in Mycobacterium bovis-infected cattle. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 22(6):641-649.
Characterization of effector and memory T cell subsets in the immune response to bovine tuberculosis in cattle Reprint Icon -
Maggioli, M.F., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Vordermeier, H.M., Waters, W.R. 2015. Characterization of effector and memory T cell subsets in the immune response to bovine tuberculosis in cattle. PLoS One. 10(4):e0122571.
In situ cytokine expression in pulmonary granulomas of cattle experimentally infected by aerosolized Mycobacterium bovis -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C. 2015. In situ cytokine expression in pulmonary granulomas of cattle experimentally infected by aerosolized Mycobacterium bovis [abstract]. In Proceedings of the Keystone Symposium; Granulomas in Infectious and Non-infectious Diseases, January 22-27, 2015, Santa Fe, New Mexico. p. 141.
Effect of skin test on serum antibody responses to Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle -
Waters, W.R., Nelson, J., Thacker, T.C., Maggioli, M., Stafne, M., Bass, K., Linscott, R., Lawrence, J., Palmer, M.V. 2014. Effect of skin test on serum antibody responses to Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle [abstract]. United States Animal Health Association. Abstract No. 22.
Mannosylated Lipoarabinomannan in serum as a biomarker candidate for subclinical bovine tuberculosis Reprint Icon -
Lamont, E.A., Ribeiro-Lima, J., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Sreevatsan, S. 2014. Mannosylated Lipoarabinomannan in serum as a biomarker candidate for subclinical bovine tuberculosis. BMC Research Notes. 7:559.
Virulence of two strains of Mycobacterium bovis in cattle following aerosol infection Reprint Icon -
Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Nelson, J.T., DiCarlo, D.M., Maggioli, M.F., Greenwald, R., Esfandiari, J., Lyashchenko, K.P., Palmer, M.V. 2014. Virulence of two strains of Mycobacterium bovis in cattle following aerosol infection. Journal of Comparative Pathology. 151(4):410-419.
Oral vaccination of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) with Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Reprint Icon -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R., Robbe-Austerman, S. 2014. Oral vaccination of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) with Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). PLoS One. 9(5):e97031.
Circulating Mycobacterium bovis peptides and host response proteins as biomarkers for unambiguous detection of subclinical infection Reprint Icon -
Lamont, E.A., Janagama, H.K., Ribeiro-Lima, J., Hart, L., Seth, M., Yang, M., Kumi, K., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Harris, N.B., Sreevatsan, S. 2014. Circulating Mycobacterium bovis peptides and host response proteins as biomarkers for unambiguous detection of subclinical infection. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 52(2):536-543.
Clinical and diagnostic developments of a gamma interferon release assay for use in bovine tuberculosis control programs Reprint Icon -
Bass, K.E., Nonnecke, B.J., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Hardegger, R., Schroeder, B., Raeber, A.J., Waters, W.R. 2013. Clinical and diagnostic developments of a gamma interferon release assay for use in bovine tuberculosis control programs. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 20(12):1827-1835.
Testing a molasses-based bait for oral vaccination of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) against Mycobacterium bovis Reprint Icon -
Palmer, M.V., Stafne, M.R., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Phillips, G.E. 2013. Testing a molasses-based bait for oral vaccination of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) against Mycobacterium bovis. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 60:265-270.
Isolation of Mycobacteria from clinical samples collected in the United States from 2004 to 2011 Reprint Icon -
Thacker, T.C., Robbe-Austerman, S., Harris, B., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2013. Isolation of Mycobacteria from clinical samples collected in the United States from 2004 to 2011. BioMed Central (BMC) Veterinary Research. 9(1):100.
Active and latent ovine Herpesvirus-2 (OvHV-2) infection in a herd of captive white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Reprint Icon -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Madison, R.J., Koster, L., Swenson, S., Li, H. 2013. Active and latent ovine Herpesvirus-2 (OvHV-2) infection in a herd of captive white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Journal of Comparative Pathology. 149(2-3):162-166.
Persistence of Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Danish in White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) vaccinated with a lipid-formulated oral vaccine -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R., Robbe-Austerman, S., Aldwell, F.E. 2012. Persistence of Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Danish in White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) vaccinated with a lipid-formulated oral vaccine. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. DOI.org/10.1111/tbed.12032.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the Mycobacterium bovis genome resolve phylogenetic relationships Reprint Icon -
Joshi, D., Harris, B., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Mathema, B., Krieswirth, B., Sreevatsan, S. 2012. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the Mycobacterium bovis genome resolve phylogenetic relationships. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 50(12):3853-3861.
Mycobacterium bovis: a model pathogen at the interface of domestic livestock, wildlife, and humans -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R., Gortazar, C., Corner, L.A. 2012. Mycobacterium bovis: a model pathogen at the interface of domestic livestock, wildlife, and humans. Veterinary Medicine International [serial online]. 2012:Article ID 236205. Available: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/vmi/2012/236205/.
Evaluation of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-induced protein 10 (IP-10) responses for detection of cattle infected with Mycobacterium bovis: comparisons to IFN-gamma responses -
Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Nonnecke, B.J., Palmer, M.V., Schiller, I., Oesch, B., Vordermeier, H.M., Silva, E., Estes, D.M. 2012. Evaluation of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-induced protein 10 responses for detection of cattle infected with Mycobacterium bovis: comparisons to IFN-gamma responses. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 19(3):346-351.
Transcriptome analysis of stimulated PBMC from Mycobacterium bovis infected cattle -
Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2011. Transcriptome analysis of stimulated PBMC from Mycobacterium bovis infected cattle [abstract]. 4th International Symposium on Animal Functional Genomics. p. 28.
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 requires quorum sensing transcriptional regulators QseA and SdiA for colonization and persistence in the bovine intestinal tract -
Sharma, V.K., Bearson, S.M., Thacker, T.C. 2011. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 requires quorum sensing transcriptional regulators QseA and SdiA for colonization and persistence in the bovine intestinal tract [abstract]. 71st Annual Meeting of the North Central Branch of the American Society for Microbiology. October 7-8, 2011, Des Moines, Iowa. 59:147.
Development and evaluation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for use in the detection bovine tuberculosis in cattle -
Waters, W.R., Buddle, B.M., Vordermeier, H.M., Gormley, E., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Bannantine, J.P., Stabel, J.R., Linscott, R., Martel, E., Milian, F., Foshaug, W., Lawrence, J.C. 2011. Development and evaluation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for use in the detection of bovine tuberculosis in cattle. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 18(11):1882-1888.
Improved Specificity for Detection of Mycobacterium bovis in Fresh Tissues Using IS6110 Real-time PCR -
Thacker, T.C., Harris, B., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2011. Improved specificity for detection of Mycobacterium bovis in fresh tissues using IS6110 real-time PCR. BioMed Central (BMC) Veterinary Research [serial online]. 7(50). Available: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1746-6148/7/50.
Tuberculosis in domestic livestock: pathogenesis, transmission, and vaccination -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R. 2011. Tuberculosis in domestic livestock: pathogenesis, transmission, and vaccination. In: Proceedings of the 2011 American College of Veterinary Pathologists, December 3-7, 2011, Nashville, Tennessee. 2011 CDROM.
Comparison of peptide cocktails and purified protein derivatives for use in the Bovigam assay -
Bass, K.E., Nonnecke, B.J., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Hardegger, R., Schroeder, B., Raeber, A.J., Waters, W.R. 2011. Comparison of peptide cocktails and purified protein derivatives for use in the Bovigam assay [abstract]. American Society of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. p. 186.
Examination of the reticular epithelium of the bovine pharyngeal tonsil -
Palmer, M.V., Stasko, J.A., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C. 2011. Examination of the reticular epithelium of the bovine pharyngeal tonsil. The Anatomical Record. 294(11):1939-1950.
Resolution of M. bovis phylogeny using genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms -
Joshi, D., Waters, W.R., Harris, B., Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Mathema, B., Krieswirth, B., Sreevatsan, S. 2011. Resolution of M. bovis phylogeny using genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms [abstract]. American Society for Microbiology. Abstract No. 1496.
A Leptospira borgpetersenii Serovar Hardjo vaccine induces a Th1 response, activates NK cells, and reduces renal colonization -
Zuerner, R.L., Alt, D.P., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Olsen, S.C. 2011. A Leptospira borgpetersenii Serovar Hardjo vaccine induces a Th1 response, activates NK cells, and reduces renal colonization. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 18(4):684-691.
Bovine tuberculosis: Immune response and vaccine efficacy studies -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C. 2010. Bovine tuberculosis: Immune response and vaccine efficacy studies. Proceedings of the Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases. p. 18.
Update on vaccination of white-tailed deer with Mycobacterium bovis BCG: Safety and Efficacy -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R. 2010. Update on vaccination of white-tailed deer with Mycobacterium bovis BCG: Safety and Efficacy [abstract]. American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. p. 122.
Boving Tuberculosis: Immune Response and Vaccine Efficacy Studies -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C. 2010. Boving Tuberculosis: Immune Response and Vaccine Efficacy Studies [abstract]. Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases. Abstract No. 22.
Bovine Tuberculosis Vaccine Efficacy Studies: Neonatal Calves and White-tailed Deer -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C. 2010. Bovine Tuberculosis Vaccine Efficacy Studies: Neonatal Calves and White-tailed Deer [abstract]. American College of Veterinary Pathologists/American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology. p. 89.
Tuberculosis immunity: Opportunities from studies with cattle Reprint Icon -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Davis, W.C., Sreevatsan, S., Coussens, P., Meade, K.G., Hope, J.C., Estes, D.M. 2010. Tuberculosis immunity: Opportunities from studies with cattle. Clinical and Developmental Immunology. 2011:01-11.
Investigations on Deer to Deer and Deer to Cattle Transmission of the Vaccine Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R., Robbe-Austerman, S., Harris, B.N. 2010. Investigations on deer to deer and deer to cattle transmission of the vaccine Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). Journal of Vaccines and Vaccination [serial online]. 1:104. Available: http://www.omicsonline.org/2157-7560/2157-7560-1-104.pdf.
Granulysin as a Correlate of Immune Response following Mycobacterial Infection -
Calderon, V.E., Silva, E., Santos, L., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Jacobs, W.R., Larsen, M.H., Vilcheze, C., Estes, D.M. 2010. Granulysin as a Correlate of Immune Response following Mycobacterial Infection [abstract].
Comparative Analysis of the Bovigam Interferon-Gamma Elisa for Bovine Tuberculosis Using Alternative Antigens or Tuberculins for Blood Stimulation in Field Trials and Experimental Infections -
Schroder, B., Hardegger, R., Purro, M., Moyen, J., Gormley, E., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Whelan, A., Vordermeier, H.M., Raeber, A.J. 2010. Comparative Analysis of the Bovigam Interferon-Gamma Elisa for Bovine Tuberculosis Using Alternative Antigens or Tuberculins for Blood Stimulation in Field Trials and Experimental Infections [abstract].
Bovine Tuberculosis: A Review of Current and Emerging Diagnostic Techniques in View of their Relevance for Disease Control and Eradication -
Schiller, I., Oesch, B., Vordermeier, H.M., Palmer, M.V., Harris, B.N., Orloski, K.A., Buddle, B.M., Thacker, T.C., Lyashchenko, K.P., Waters, W.R. 2010. Bovine tuberculosis: a review of current and emerging diagnostic techniques in view of their relevance for disease control and eradication. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 57(4):205-220.
Bovine tuberculosis in Europe from the perspective of an officially tuberculosis free country: Trade, surveillance, and diagnostics -
Schiller, I., Waters, W.R., Vordermeier, H.M., Thomas, J., Welsh, M., Keck, N., Whelan, A., Gormley, E., Boschiroli, M.L., Moyen, J.L., Vela, C., Cagiola, M., Buddle, B.M., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Oesch, B. 2011. Bovine tuberculosis in Europe from the perspective of an officially tuberculosis free country: Trade, surveillance, and diagnostics. Veterinary Microbiology. 151(1-2):153-159.
Persistence of Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) After Oral or Parenteral Vaccination -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R., Robbe-Austerman, S., Semakaleng, L., Harris, N.B. 2010. Persistence of Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) after oral or parenteral vaccination. Zoonoses and Public Health. 57(7-8):e206-e212.
Bovine Tuberculosis: Effect of the Tuberculin Skin Test on In vitro Interferon gamma Responses Reprint Icon -
Schiller, I., Vordermeier, H.M., Waters, W.R., Whelan, A.O., Coad, M., Gormley, E., Buddle, B.M., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Mcnair, J., Welsh, M., Hewinson, R.G., Oesch, B. 2010. Bovine Tuberculosis: Effect of the Tuberculin Skin Test on In vitro Interferon gamma Responses. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. 136(1-2):1-11.
Modulation of the Bovine Innate Immune Response by Production of 1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 in Bovine Monocytes Reprint Icon -
Nelson, C.D., Reinhardt, T.A., Thacker, T.C., Beitz, D.C., Lippolis, J.D. 2010. Modulation of the Bovine Innate Immune Response by Production of 1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 in Bovine Monocytes. Journal of Dairy Science. 93(3):1041-1049.
Update on Comparative Studies for Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis Using The Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay with Tuberculins or Alternative Antigens for Whole Blood Stimulation -
Schroder, B., Hardegger, R., Moyen, J.L., Gormley, E., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Nonnecke, B.J., Keck, N., Egnuni, T., Whelan, A., Vordermeier, H.M., Raeber, A.J. 2009. Update on Comparative Studies for Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis Using The Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay with Tuberculins or Alternative Antigens for Whole Blood Stimulation [abstract].
Evaluation of a Second Generation BOVIGAM Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay with Alternative Antigens for Stimulation of Whole Blood Cultures -
Hardegger, R., Purro, M., Schroder, B., Moyen, J.L., Gormley, E., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Vordermeier, H.M., Raeber, A.J. 2009. Evaluation of a Second Generation BOVIGAM Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay with Alternative Antigens for Stimulation of Whole Blood Cultures [abstract].
Improvements to the BOVIGAM Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay for use with Alternative Antigens as Stimulants of Whole Blood Cultures -
Hardegger, R., Purro, M., Schroder, B., Moyen, J.L., Gormley, E., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Whelan, A., Vordermeier, H.M., Raeber, A.J. 2009. Improvements to the BOVIGAM Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay for use with Alternative Antigens as Stimulants of Whole Blood Cultures [abstract].
Cytokine Responses of Cattle to Experimental M. bovis Infection -
Innate and Adaptive Cytotoxic Lymphocytes and Prognostic Markers of Host Responses to Bovine TB -
Estes, D.M., Palmer, M.V., Nonnecke, B.J., Thacker, T.C., Jacobs Jr., W.R., Larsen, M.H., Endsley, J.J., Hogg, A., Shell, E., Mcalauy, M., Capinos-Scherer, C.F., Coffey, T., Howard, C.J., Villareal-Ramos, B., Waters, W.R. 2009. Innate and Adaptive Cytotoxic Lymphocytes and Prognostic Markers of Host Responses to Bovine TB [abstract].
Comparison of Tuberculin Activity in the Interferon-gamma Assay for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis -
Schiller, I., Schroder, B., Vordermeier, H.M., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Whelan, A., Hardegger, R., Marg-Haufe, B., Raeber, A., Oesch, B. 2009. Comparison of Tuberculin Activity in the Interferon-gamma Assay for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis [abstract].
Assessment of OmpATb as a Novel Antigen for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis -
Schiller, I., Schroder, B., Vordermeier, H.M., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Whelan, A., Hardegger, R., Marg-Haufe, B., Raeber, A., Oesch, B. 2009. Assessment of OmpATb as a Novel Antigen for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis [abstract].
Improved Performance of the Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay with Alternative Antigens for Stimulation of Whole Blood -
Schroder, B., Hardegger, R., Marg-Haufe, B., Schiller, I., Moyen, J.L., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Stamm, C., Nonnecke, B.J., Keck, N., Egnuni, T., Whelan, A., Sigafoose, T., Welsh, M., Cagiola, M., Gordon, S., Meijlis, J., Carter, C., Vordermeier, H.M., Raeber, A.J. 2009. Improved Performance of the Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay with Alternative Antigens for Stimulation of Whole Blood [abstract].
Development of a Second Generation Bovigam Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay -
Hardegger, R., Purro, M., Schroder, B., Moyen, J.L., Gormley, E., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Whelan, A., Vordermeier, H.M., Raeber, A.J. 2009. Development of a Second Generation Bovigam Interferon Gamma (IFN-gamma) Assay [abstract].
Bovine Tuberculosis in Europe From the Perspective of an OTF Country: Trade, Surveillance and Diagnostics -
Schiller, I., Waters, W.R., Vordermeier, H.M., Jemmi, T., Welsh, M., Keck, N., Whelan, A., Gormley, E., Boschiroli, M.L., Moyen, J.L., Vela, C., Cagiola, M., Buddle, B., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Oesch, B. 2009. Bovine Tuberculosis in Europe From the Perspective of an OTF Country: Trade, Surveillance and Diagnostics [abstract].
Shared Feed as a Means of Deer to Deer and Deer to Cattle Transmission of Mycobacterium bovis -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R. 2009. Shared Feed as a Means of Deer to Deer and Deer to Cattle Transmission of Mycobacterium bovis [abstract]. Minnesota Bovine Tuberculosis Stakeholders Conference. p. 100.
Single-Antigen Serological Testing for Bovine Tuberculosis Reprint Icon -
Green, L.R., Jones, C.C., Sherwood, A., Garkavi, I., Cangelosi, G.A., Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Rathe, C. 2009. Single-Antigen Serological Testing for Bovine Tuberculosis. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 16(9):1309-1313.
Assessment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis OmpATb as a Novel Antigen for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis Reprint Icon -
Schiller, I., Vordermeier, M., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Whelan, A., Hardegger, R., Raeber, A., Oesch, B. 2009. Assessment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis OmpATb as a Novel Antigen for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 16(9):1314-1321.
Signal Regulatory Protein alpha (SIRPalpha)+ Cells in the Adaptive Response to ESAT-6/CFP-10 Protein of Tuberculous Mycobacteria Reprint Icon -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Nonnecke, B.J., Thacker, T.C., Estes, D.M., Larsen, M.H., Jacobs, W.R., Andersen, P., Mcnair, J., Minion, F.C., Lyashchenko, K.P., Hewinson, R.G., Vordermeier, H.M., Sacco, R.E. 2009. Signal Regulatory Protein alpha (SIRPalpha)+ Cells in the Adaptive Response to ESAT-6/CFP-10 Protein of Tuberculous Mycobacteria. PLoS One [serial online]. 4(7):e6414. Available: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0006414.
Optimization of a Whole-Blood Gamma Interferon Assay for Detection of Mycobacterium bovis-Infected Cattle Reprint Icon -
Schiller, I., Waters, W.R., Vordermeier, H.M., Nonnecke, B.J., Welsh, M., Keck, N., Whelan, A., Sigafoose, T., Stamm, C., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Hardegger, R., Marg-Haufe, B., Raeber, A., Oesch, B. 2009. Optimization of a Whole-Blood Gamma Interferon Assay for Detection of Mycobacterium bovis-Infected Cattle. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 16(8):1196-1202.
Comparison of Tuberculin Activity in the Interferon-gamma Assay for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis -
Schiller, I., Vordermeier, H.M., Waters, W.R., Kyburz, A., Cagiola, M., Whelan, A., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Meijlis, J., Carter, C., Egnuni, T., Hardegger, R., Marg-Hauffe, B., Raeber, A., Oesch, B. 2010. Comparison of Tuberculin Activity in the Interferon-gamma Assay for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis. Veterinary Record. 167(9):322-326.
T-cell mRNA Expression in Response to Mycobacterium bovis BCG Vaccination and Mycobacterium bovis Infection of White-tailed deer Reprint Icon -
Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2009. T-cell mRNA Expression in Response to Mycobacterium bovis BCG Vaccination and Mycobacterium bovis Infection of White-tailed deer. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 16(8):1139-1145.
Viral Booster Vaccines Improve Mycobacterium bovis BCG-Induced Protection Against Bovine Tuberculosis Reprint Icon -
Vordermeier, H.M., Villarreal-Ramos, B., Cockle, P.J., Macaulay, M., Rhodes, S.G., Thacker, T.C., Gilbert, S.C., Mcshane, H., Hill, A.V., Xing, R.Z., Hewinson, R.G. 2009. Viral Booster Vaccines Improve Mycobacterium bovis BCG-Induced Protection Against Bovine Tuberculosis. Infection and Immunity. 77(8):3364-3373.
Humoral Immune Responses of White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) to Mycobacterium bovis BCG Vaccination and Experimental Challenge with M. bovis -
Nol, P., Lyashchenko, K.P., Greenwald, R., Esfandiari, J., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Nonnecke, B.J., Keefe, T.J., Thacker, T.C., Rhyan, J.C., Aldwell, F.E., Salman, M.D. 2009. Humoral Immune Responses of White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) to Mycobacterium bovis BCG Vaccination and Experimental Challenge with M. bovis. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 16(3):323-329.
Efficacy and Immunogenicity of Mycobacterium bovis Delta RD1 against Aerosol M. bovis Infection in Neonatal Calves Reprint Icon -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Nonnecke, B.J., Thacker, T.C., Capinos Scherer, C.F., Estes, D.M., Hewinson, R.G., Vordermeier, H.M., Barnes, S.W., Federe, G.C., Walker, J.R., Glynne, R.J., Hsu, T., Weinrick, B., Biermann, K., Larsen, M.H., Jacobs, W.R. 2009. Efficacy and Immunogenicity of Mycobacterium bovis Delta RD1 against Aerosol M. bovis Infection in Neonatal Calves. Vaccine. 27(8):1201-1209.
The Calf Model of Immunity for Development of a Vaccine Against Tuberculosis -
Endsley, J., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Nonnecke, B.J., Thacker, T.C., Jacobs, W.R., Larsen, M., Hogg, A., Shell, L., Mcalauy, M., Capinos-Scherer, C., Coffey, T., Howard, C., Villareal-Ramos, B., Estes, M. 2009. The Calf Model of Immunity for Development of a Vaccine Against Tuberculosis. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. 128(1-3):199-204.
Histology, Immunohistochemistry and Ultrastructure of the Bovine Palatine Tonsil with Special Emphasis on Reticular Epithelium -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R. 2009. Histology, Immunohistochemistry and Ultrastructure of the Bovine Palatine Tonsil with Special Emphasis on Reticular Epithelium. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. 127(3-4):277-285.
Interferon Gamma Assay for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis -
Schiller, I., Marg-Haufe, B., Vordermeier, M., Waters, W.R., Whelan, A., Welsh, M., Keck, N., Moyen, J.L., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Raeber, A., Oesch, B. 2008. Interferon Gamma Assay for the Diagnosis of Bovine Tuberculosis [abstract]. Paper No. 25.
Vaccination with Mycobacterium bovis BCG Strains Danish and Pasteur in White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Experimentally Challenged with Mycobacterium bovis Reprint Icon -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R. 2009. Vaccination with Mycobacterium bovis BCG Strains Danish and Pasteur in White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Experimentally Challenged with Mycobacterium bovis. Zoonoses and Public Health. 56(5):243-251.
Tuberculosis Diagnosis: Relevancy of Veterinary Applications to Human Disease -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Nonnecke, B.J., Lyashchenko, K., Schiller, I., Marg, B., Oesch, B., Vordermeier, M., O'Brien, D., Schmitt, S., Estes, M. 2008. Tuberculosis Diagnosis: Relevancy of Veterinary Applications to Human Disease [abstract]. p. 17.
Serum 25-Hydroxvitamin D Concentrations in Captive and Free-Ranging, White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) -
Waters, W.R., Nonnecke, B.J., Gibbs, S.E., Yabsley, M.J., Schmitt, S.M., Cosgrove, M.K., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Olsen, S.C., Horst, R.L., Reinhardt, T.A. 2009. Serum 25-Hydroxvitamin D Concentrations in Captive and Free-Ranging, White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus). International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. 79(3):180-187.
Tuberculosis Diagnosis: Assay Optimization, Validation, and Antigens for Specific Diagnosis -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Nonnecke, B.J., Lyashchenko, K., Schiller, I., Marg, B., Oesch, B., Vordermeier, M., O'Brien, D., Schmitt, S., Estes, M. 2008. Tuberculosis Diagnosis: Assay Optimization, Validation, and Antigens for Specific Diagnosis. [abstract].
Vaccination of White-tailed Deer with Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) -
Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2007. Vaccination of White-tailed Deer with Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG). In: Proccedings of the 42nd United States-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources Panel of Animal and Avian Health, December 5-7, 2007, Tsukuba, Japan.
CAMPYLOBACTER ECOLOGY IN THE TURKEY INTESTINE: SETTING THE STAGE FOR DEVELOPMENT OF PROTECTIVE PROBIOTICS -
Scupham, A.J., Wesley, I.V., Thacker, T.C. 2007. Campylobacter ecology in the turkey intestine: setting the stage for development of protective probiotics [abstract]. 42nd United States - Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources Panel of Animal and Avian Health Meeting. p.7.
Vaccination of White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) with Mycobacterium bovis BCG -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Nol, P., Waters, W.R. 2007. Vaccination of White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) with Mycobacterium bovis BCG [abstract]. 111th Annual Meeting of the United States Animal Health Association. p. 35.
Improved Specificity for Detection of Mycobacterium bovis in Fresh Tissue Using IS6110 Real-Time PCR -
Thacker, T.C., Harris, B., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2007. Improved Specificity for Detection of Mycobacterium bovis in Fresh Tissue Using IS6110 Real-Time PCR [abstract].
Failure of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis DeltaRD1 DeltapanCD Double Deletion Mutant in a Neonatal Calf Aerosol M. bovis Challenge model: Comparisons to Responses Elicited by M. bovis bacille Calmette Guerin Reprint Icon -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Nonnecke, B.J., Thacker, T.C., Scherer, C.F., Estes, D.M., Jacobs, W.R., Glatman-Freedman, A., Larsen, M.H. 2007. Failure of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis DeltaRD1 DeltapanCD Double Deletion Mutant in a Neonatal Calf Aerosol M. bovis Challenge model: Comparisons to Responses Elicited by M. bovis bacille Calmette Guerin. Vaccine. 25(45):7832-7840.
Efficacy of Oral and Parenteral Routes of Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guerin Vaccination Against Experimental Bovine Tuberculosis in White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus): A Feasibility Study -
Nol, P., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Aldwell, F.E., Buddle, B.M., Triantis, J., Linke, L., Phillips, G., Thacker, T.C., Rhyan, J., Dunbar, M., Salman, M.D. 2008. Efficacy of Oral and Parenteral Routes of Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guerin Vaccination Against Experimental Bovine Tuberculosis in White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus): A Feasibility Study. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 44(2):247-259.
Bovine Tuberculosis: Analyzing the Parameters of the Interferon Gamma Assay and Improved Diagnosis with New Antigens -
Schiller, I., Vordermeier, M., Waters, W.R., Marg-Haufe, B., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Hardegger, R., Kyburz, A., Raeber, A., Oesch, B. 2007. Bovine Tuberculosis: Analyzing the Parameters of the Interferon Gamma Assay and Improved Diagnosis with New Antigens [abstract].
Lesion Development and Immunohistochemical Changes in Granulomas from Cattle Experimentally Infected with Mycobacterium bovis -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C. 2007. Lesion Development and Immunohistochemical Changes in Granulomas from Cattle Experimentally Infected with Mycobacterium bovis. Veterinary Pathology. 44(6):863-874.
Vaccination of White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette Guerin -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R. 2007. Vaccination of White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette Guerin. Vaccine. 25(36):5489-97.
Associations between Cytokine Gene Expression and Pathology in Cattle infected with Mycobacterium bovis -
Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2007. Associations between Cytokine Gene Expression and Pathology in Cattle infected with Mycobacterium bovis. [Abstract]. American Association for Microbiology. Abstract No. U-037.
The Neonatal calf Tuberculosis Vaccine Model: Immune Responses to Protective and Non-protective Vaccines after Aerosol Challenge with Virulent Mycobacterium bovis -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Nonnecke, B.J., Thacker, T.C., Estes, M., Jacobs, W.R., Larsen, M.L. 2007. The Neonatal calf Tuberculosis Vaccine Model: Immune Responses to Protective and Non-protective Vaccines after Aerosol Challenge with Virulent Mycobacterium bovis [abstract]. The American Association of Immunologists. p. 43.51.
Associations Between Cytokine Gene Expression and Pathology in Mycobacterium bovis Infected Cattle -
Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2007. Associations Between Cytokine Gene Expression and Pathology in Mycobacterium bovis Infected Cattle. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. 119(3-4):204-213.
Blood Culture and Stimulation Conditions for the Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Cervids by the Cervigam Assay -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Orloski, K., Nol, P., Harrington, N.P., Olsen, S.C., Nonnecke, B.J. 2008. Blood Culture and Stimulation Conditions for the Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Cervids by the Cervigam Assay. Veterinary Record. 162(7):203-208.
INTERPRETATION OF TUBERCULOSIS DIAGNOSTIC TEST RESULTS MAY BE CONFOUNDED IN CATTLE INFECTED WITH MYCOBACTERIUM KANSASII -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Harris, N.B., Payeur, J.B., Minion, F.C., Mcnair, J., Pollock, J.M., Lyashchenko, K.P. 2006. Interpretation of tuberculosis diagnostic test results may be confounded in cattle infected with Mycobacterium kansasii [abstract]. Research Workers in Animal Diseases Conference Proceedings. p. 81.
VACCINATION OF WHITE-TAILED DEER WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS BACILLUS CALMETTE GUERIN (BCG) -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R. 2006. Vaccination of white-tailed deer with mycobacterium bovis bacillus calmette guerin (bcg)[abstract]. American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. p. 122.
VACINATION OF WHITE-TAILED DEER WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS BACILLUS CALMETTE GUERIN (BCG) -
Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Waters, W.R. 2006. Vaccination of white-tailed deer with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG). [abstract]. In: Michigan Bovine Tuberculosis 11th Annual Meeting, June 7-8, 2006, Lansing, Michigan, 2006 CDROM.
ORAL BACILLE CALMETTE-GUERIN (BCG) VACCINATION OF WHITE-TAILED DEER AGAINST BOVINE TUBERCULOSIS -
Nol, P., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Rhyan, J., Aldwell, F., Buddle, B., Dunbar, M., Salman, M. 2006. Oral bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Vaccination of White-tailed Deer against Bovine Tuberculosis [abstract]. In: Michigan Bovine Tuberculosis 11th Annual Meeting, June 7-8, 2006, Lansing, Michigan, 2006 CDROM.
CORRELATION OF CYTOKINE GENE EXPRESSION WITH PATHOLOGY IN WHITE-TAILED DEER (ODOCOILEUS VIRGINIANUS) INFECTED WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS -
Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2006. Correlation of Cytokine Gene Expression with Pathology in White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Infected with Mycobacterium bovis. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 13(6):640-647.
EARLY ANTIBODY RESPONSES TO EXPERIMENTAL MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS INFECTION OF CATTLE -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Bannantine, J.P., Vordermeier, H.M., Hewinson, R.G., Greenwald, R., Esfandiari, J., Mcnair, J., Pollock, J.M. 2006. Early Antibody Responses to Experimental Mycobacterium bovis Infection of Cattle. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 13(6):648-654.
IMMUNE RESPONSES TO DEFINED ANTIGENS OF MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS IN CATTLE EXPERIEMNTALLY INFECTED WITH MYCOBACTERIUM KANSASII -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Payeur, J.B., Harris, N.B., Minion, F.C., Greenwald, R., Esfandiari, J., Andersen, P., Mcnair, J. 2006. Immune Responses to Defined Antigens of Mycobacterium bovis in Cattle Experimentally Infected with Mycobacterium kansasii. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 13(6):611-619.
ANTIGEN SPECIFIC PROLIFERATION AND ACTIVATION OF PERIPHERAL BLOOD MONONUCLEAR CELLS FROM MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS-INFECTED REINDEER -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Minion, F.C., Davis, W.C. 2006. Antigen-specific proliferation and activation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from Mycobacterium bovis-infected reindeer. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. 111(2006): 263-277.
EFFECT OF DIFFERENT TUBERCULIN SKIN-TESTING REGIMENS ON GAMMA INTERFERON AND ANTIBODY RESPONSES IN CATTLE EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Lyashchenko, K. 2006. Effect of Different Tuberculin Skin-Testing Regimens on Gamma Interferon and Antibody Responses in Cattle Experimentally Infected with Mycobacterium bovis. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 13(3):387-394.
MYCOBACTERIUM KANSASII INFECTION OF CATTLE CONFOUNDS INTERPRETATION OF TUBERCULOSIS DIAGNOSTIC TESTS -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Payeur, J.B., Minion, F.C., Greenwald, R., Esfandiari, J., Andersen, P., Mcnair, J., Pollock, J.M. 2005. Mycobacterium Kansasii Infection of Cattle Confounds Interpretation of Tuberculosis Diagnostic Tests [abstract]. International Conference on Mycobacterium bovis. p. 26.
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT SKIN TESTING REGIMENS ON INTERFERON GAMMA AND ANTIBODY RESPONSES IN CATTLE EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Minion, F.C., Greenwald, R., Esfandiari, J., Andersen, P., Mcnair, J., Pollock, J., Lyashchenko, K. 2005. Effects of Different Skin Testing Regimens on Interferon gamma and Antibody Responses in Cattle Experimentally Infected with Mycobacterium Bovis [abstract]. International Conference on Mycobacterium bovis. p. 24.
EXPERIMENTAL INFECTION OF REINDEER (RANGIFER TARANDUS) WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS: PATHOLOGICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL FINDINGS -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Stoffregen, W.C., Slaughter, R.E., Jones, S.L., Pitzer, J.E., Minion, F.C. 2005. Experimental Infection of Reindeer (rangifer tarandus) with Mycobacterium bovis: Pathological and Immunological Findings[abstract]. International Conference on Mycobacterium bovis. p. 70.
LESION DEVELOPMENT AND IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN CATTLE EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Whipple, D.L. 2005. Lesion Development and Immunohistochemical Changes in Cattle Experimentally Infected with Mycobacterium bovis [abstract]. International Conference on Mycobacterium bovis. p. 70.
WHITE-TAILED DEER (ODOCOILEUS VIRGINIANUS) CYTOKINE EXPRESSION IN RESPONSE TO INFECTION WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS -
Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2005. White-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus) Cytokine Expression in Response to Infection with Mycobacterium Bovis [abstract]. International Conference on Mycobacterium bovis. Paper No. 3085.
EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCED INFECTION OF REINDEER (RANGIFER TARANDUS) WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Stoffregen, W.C., Thomson, B.V. 2006. Experimentally induced infection of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) with Mycobacterium bovis. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 18(2006):52-60.
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT SKIN TESTING REGIMENS ON INTERFERON GAMMA AND ANTIBODY RESPONSES IN CATTLE EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Minion, C.F., Greenwald, R., Esfandiari, J., Andersen, P., Mcnair, J., Pollock, J., Lyashchenko, K. 2005. Effects of different skin testing regimens on interferon gamma and antibody responses in cattle experimentally infected with Mycobacterium bovis [abstract]. American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. p. 7.
ANTIGEN-SPECIFIC PROLIFERATION AND ACTIVATION OF PERIPHERAL BLOOD MONONUCLEAR CELLS FROM MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS-INFECTED REINDEER -
Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Thacker, T.C., Minion, F.C., Davis, W.C. 2004. Antigen-specific proliferation and activation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from mycobacterium bovis-infected reindeer. Research Workers in Animal Diseases Conference Proceedings. 85:98.
EXPERIMENTAL INFECTION OF REINDEER (RANGIFER TARNDUS) WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS; PATHOLOGICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL FINDINGS AT: AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF VETERINARY LABORATORY DIAGNOSTICIANS ANNUAL MEETING. GREENSBORO, NC. -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Stoffregen, W.C., Slaughter, W.E., Jones, S.L., Pitzer, J.E., Minion, F.C. 2004. Experimental infection of reindeer (rangifer tarndus) with mycobacterium bovis; pathological and immunological findings [abstract]. American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. p. 97.
EXPERIMENTAL INFECTION OF REINDEER (RANGIFER TARANDUS)WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS; PATHOLOGICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL FINDINGS -
Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R., Thacker, T.C., Stoffregen, W.C., Slaughter, R.E., Jones, S.L., Pitzer, J.E., Minion, F.C. 2004. Experimental infection of reindeer (rangifer tarandus)with mycobacterium bovis; pathological and immunological findings [abstract]. Wildlife Disease Association. p.402-403.
WHITE-TAILED DEER (ODOCOILEUS VIRGINIANUS) CYTOKINE EXPRESSION IN RESPONSE TO INFECTION WITH MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS -
Thacker, T.C., Palmer, M.V., Waters, W.R. 2004. White-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus) cytokine expression in response to infection with mycobacterium bovis. Proceedings of Keystone Symposia. p.119.
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