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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Cheng Kung Liu (Ck)
Biobased and Other Animal Co-products Research
Materials Engineering

Phone: (215) 836-6924 ext. 6924
Fax: (215) 233-6795
Room 3036

600 E MERMAID LN
ERRC
WYNDMOOR , PA 190388598

Projects
Improving the Quality of Animal Hides, Reducing Environmental Impacts of Hide Production, and Developing Value-Added Products from Wool
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 428765

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Preparation of biobased sponges from un-tanned hides Reprint Icon -
Siddique, A., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Liu, C. 2016. Preparation of biobased sponges from un-tanned hides. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 111(5):192-199.
Sophorolipid-derived unsaturated and epoxy fatty acid estolides as plasticizers for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) Reprint Icon -
Ashby, R.D., Solaiman, D., Liu, C., Strahan, G.D., Latona, N.P. 2015. Sophorolipid-derived unsaturated and epoxy fatty acid estolides as plasticizers for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate). Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 93:347-358. doi: 10.1007/s11746-015-2772-7.
Reaction of protein and carbohydrates with EDC for making unique biomaterials -
Taylor, M.M., Bumanlag, L.P., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2016. Reaction of protein and carbohydrates with EDC for making unique biomaterials. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 111(4):155-164.
Soluble collagen approach to a combination tannage mechanism -
Brown, E.M., Taylor, M.M., Liu, C. 2016. Soluble collagen approach to a combination tannage mechanism. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 111(4):141-147.
Preservation of hides using low salt methods -
Liu, C., Muir, Z.E. 2015. Preservation of hides using low salt methods [abstract]. Meeting Abstract. p. 101.
Biopolymers produced from gelatin and chitosan using polyphenols Reprint Icon -
Taylor, M.M., Bumanlag, L.P., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2015. Biopolymers produced from gelatin and chitosan using polyphenols. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 110(12):392-400.
Antibacterial poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films grafting electrospun PLA/Ally isothioscyanate (AITC) fibers for food packaging Reprint Icon -
Kara, H.H., Xiao, F., Sarker, M.I., Jin, Z.T., Sousa, A.M., Liu, C., Tomasula, P.M., Liu, L.S. 2015. Antibacterial poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films grafting electrospun PLA/Ally isothioscyanate (AITC) fibers for food packaging. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. DOI: 10.1002/APP.42475.
Biobased films prepared from collagen solutions derived from un-tanned hides -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Ramos, M. 2015. Biobased films prepared from collagen solutions derived from un-tanned hides [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 101.
Reaction of protein and carbohydrates with EDC for purpose of making products with unique functional properties -
Taylor, M.M., Bumanlag, L.P., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2015. Reaction of protein and carbohydrates with EDC for purpose of making products with unique functional properties [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 102.
Soluble collagen approach to a combination tannage mechanism -
Brown, E.M., Taylor, M.M., Bumanlag, L.P., Liu, C. 2015. Soluble collagen approach to a combination tannage mechanism [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 103.
Characterization of mechanical properties of leather with airborne ultrasonics Reprint Icon -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Eble, C.T., Ramos, M. 2015. Characterization of mechanical properties of leather with airborne ultrasonics. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 110(3):88-93.
Biobased films prepared from collagen solutions derived from un-tanned hides Reprint Icon -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Ramos, M. 2015. Biobased films prepared from collagen solutions derived from un-tanned hides. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 110(2):25-32.
Utilization of agricultural by-products to partially replace gelatin in preparation of products for leather Reprint Icon -
Taylor, M.M., Bumanlag, L.P., Lee, J., Latona, N.P., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2015. Utilization of agricultural by-products to partially replace gelatin in preparation of products for leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 110(1):13-18.
Preparation of nonwoven and green composites from tannery solid wastes -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M. 2014. Preparation of nonwoven and green composites from tannery solid wastes. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 101.
Utilization of agricultural by-products to supplement gelatin in preparation of products for leather -
Taylor, M.M., Bumanlag, L.P., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2014. Utilization of agricultural by-products to supplement gelatin in preparation of products for leather. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 102.
Choline chloride based ionic liquid analogues as tool for the fabrication of agar films with improved mechanical properties Reprint Icon -
Sousa, A.M., Souza, H.S., Latona, N.P., Liu, C., Goncalves, M.P., Liu, L.S. 2014. Choline chloride based ionic liquid analogues as tool for the fabrication of agar films with improved mechanical properties. Carbohydrate Polymers. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.04.019.
Effects of thickness and gain on the amplitude of airborne ultrasonics Reprint Icon -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2014. Effects of thickness and gain on the amplitude of airborne ultrasonics. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 109(3):70-74.
Preparation of nonwoven and green composites from collagen fibrous networks Reprint Icon -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M. 2014. Preparation of nonwoven and green composites from collagen fibrous networks. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 109(2):35-40.
Treatment of hides with tara-modified protein products -
Taylor, M.M., Medina, M.B., Lee, J., Bumanlag, L.P., Latona, N.P., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2013. Treatment of hides with tara-modified protein products. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108:438-444.
Effects of bating, pickling, and crosslinking treatments on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Latona, R.J. 2013. Effects of bating, pickling, and crosslinking treatments on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides [abstract}. 109th Annual ALCA Convention, June 20-23, 2013, Pinehurst, North Carolina.
Thermal and mechanical properties of glycerol-based polymer films infused with plant cell wall polysaccharides -
Wyatt, V.T., Yadav, M.P., Latona, N.P., Liu, C. 2013. Thermal and mechanical properties of glycerol-based polymer films infused with plant cell wall polysaccharides. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy. 7:348-356.
Effects of level and length of supplementation on leather characteristics of yearling Boer and Spanish wethers Reprint Icon -
Merkel, R.C., Liu, C., Latona, N.P., El A'Mma, A., Goetsch, A.L. 2013. Effects of level and length of supplementation on leather characteristics of yearling Boer and Spanish wethers. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108(4):139-145.
Effects of bating, pickling and crosslinking treatments on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides Reprint Icon -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Latona, R.J. 2013. Effects of bating, pickling and crosslinking treatments on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108(3):79-85.
Evaluation of hides, wet blue and leather using airborne ultrasonics Reprint Icon -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Yoon, S.C. 2013. Evaluation of hides, wet blue and leather using airborne ultrasonics. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108(4):128-138.
Preparation and evaluation of tara-modified proteins -
Taylor, M.M., Lee, J.E., Bumanlag, L.P., Latona, R.J., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2013. Preparation and evaluation of tara-modified proteins. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 108(1):16-22.
Evaluation of hides and leather using ultrasonic technology -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2012. Evaluation of hides and leather using ultrasonic technology. 9th Asian International Conference on Leather Science and Technology. November 12-14, 2012, Taipei, Taiwan. p. 1.
Treatment of wet blue with fillers produced from quebracho-modified gelatin -
Taylor, M.M., Medina, M.B., Lee, J., Bumanlag, L.P., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2012. Treatment of wet blue with fillers produced from quebracho-modified gelatin. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 107(12):416-421.
The collagen microfibril model, a tool for biomaterials scientists -
Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2012. The collagen microfibril model, a tool for biomaterials scientists. Proceedings of American Chemical Society National Meeting, August 19-23, 2012, Philadelphia, PA. 1:1.
Physical properties of collagen fibrous networks derived from bovine hides -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2012. Physical properties of collagen fibrous networks derived from bovine hides. In: Proceedings of American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. August 16-19, 2012, Philadelphia, PA. 107:652-653.
Effects of dehydration methods on characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Latona, R.J. 2012. Effects of dehydration methods on characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting., June 7-10, 2012, Greensborough, North Carolina. 1:1.
Biodegradable composites from polyester and sugar beet pulp with antimicrobial coating for food packaging -
Li, W., Coffin, D.R., Jin, Z.T., Latona, N.P., Liu, C., Liu, B., Zhang, J., Liu, L.S. 2012. Biodegradable composites from polyester and sugar beet pulp with antimicrobial coating for food packaging. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 126:E361-E372.
Effects of dehydration methods on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides Reprint Icon -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Taylor, M.M., Latona, R.J. 2012. Effects of dehydration methods on the characteristics of fibrous networks from un-tanned hides. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 107(3):70-77.
Preparation and characterization of polyphenol-modified gelatin products Reprint Icon -
Taylor, M.M., Lee, J., Bumanlag, L.P., Latona, R.J., Brown, E.M., Liu, C. 2012. Preparation and characterization of polyphenol-modified gelatin products. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 107(2):51-59.
Airborne ultrasonic inspection of hides and leather Reprint Icon -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2011. Airborne ultrasonic inspection of hides and leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 106(11):326-331.
The quest for a comprehensive tanning mechanism -
Composite drying with simultaneous vacuum and toggling -
Utilization of sustainable resources in leather processing -
Utilization of sustainable resources in leather processing -
Airborne ultrasonic inspection of hides and leather -
Crispy and crunchy textures: a critical evaluation of rigid foods Reprint Icon -
Tunick, M.H., Onwulata, C.I., Thomas-Gahring, A.E., Phillips, J.G., Pimentel, M.R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Sheen, S., Cooke, P.H., Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2013. Crispy and crunchy textures: a critical evaluation of rigid foods. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 16(5):949-963. DOI:10.1080/10942912.2011.573116
Instrumental textural perception of food and comparative biomaterials Reprint Icon -
Onwulata, C.I., Pimentel, M., Thomas-Gahring, A.E., Phillips, J.G., Tunick, M.H., Mukhopadhyay, S., Sheen, S., Cooke, P.H., Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2013. Instrumental textural perception of food and comparative biomaterials. International Journal of Food Properties. 16(4):928-948.
Composite drying with simultaneous vacuum and toggling -
Preparation and characterization of polyphenol-modified gelatin products -
Effects of alpha-tocopherol addition to polymeric coatings on the UV and heat resistance of a fibrous collagen material--chrome-free leather -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Ramos, M. 2011. Effects of alpha-tocopherol addition to polymeric coatings on the UV and heat resistance of a fibrous collagen material--chrome-free leather. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. Available: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.34129/fullDOI.
Drying leather with vacuum and toggling sequentially -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2011. Drying leather with vacuum and toggling sequentially. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 106(3):76-82.
Polymeric coatings containing mixed tocopherols to improve the UV and heat resistance of leather -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Liu, L.S., Ramos, M. 2010. Polymeric coatings containing mixed tocopherols to improve the UV and heat resistance of leather. Proceedings of American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. PMSE Preprints. Pub no. 366.
Characterizations of biobased materials using acoustic emission methods -
Liu, C., Liu, L.S., Latona, N.P. 2012. Characterizations of biobased materials using acoustic emission methods. In: Institute for Engineering of Polymer Materials and Dyes. Biochemical Physics and Biodeterioration New Horizons, Torun, Poland. 138-161.
A novel system of removing decorin, a minor proteoglycan of bovine hides, to improve the quality of leather -
Ramos, M., Liu, C. 2010. A novel system of removing decorin, a minor proteoglycan of bovine hides, to improve the quality of leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 105(7):222-228.
Mechanical properties and area retention of leather dried with biaxial stretching under vacuum -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Ramos, M., Goldberg, N.M. 2010. Mechanical properties and area retention of leather dried with biaxial stretching under vacuum. Journal of Materials Science. 45(7):1889-1896.
Acoustic emission studies for leather using dual sensors -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2010. Acoustic emission studies for leather using dual sensors. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 105(4):109-115.
The Use of Mixed Tocopherols to Improve UV and Heat Resistance of Leather -
Liu, C., Liu, L.S., Latona, N.P., Ramos, M., Latona, R.J. 2010. The Use of Mixed Tocopherols to Improve UV and Heat Resistance of Leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 105(1):9-15.
Effects of Milling on the Fibrous Structure and Mechanical Behaviors of a Collagen Material--Leather -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2009. Effects of Milling on the Fibrous Structure and Mechanical Behaviors of a Collagen Material--Leather. In: Proceedings of the American Chemical Society National Meeting, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering, August 15-20, 2009, Washington, D.C. PMSE Preprints. 101:775-776.
Microscopic observations of the leather looseness and its effects on mechanical properties -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J., Cooke, P.H. 2009. Microscopic observations of the leather looseness and its effects on mechanical properties. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 104(7):230-236.
Leather Coated with Mixtures of Humectant and Antioxidants to Improve UV and Heat Resistance -
Liu, C., Ramos, M., Latona, N.P., Latona, R.J. 2009. Leather Coated with Mixtures of Humectant and Antioxidants to Improve UV and Heat Resistance. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 104(5):161-168.
Composite Drying with Simultaneous Vacuum and Toggling -
Liu, C., Liu, L.S., Latona, N.P., Goldberg, N.M., Cooke, P.H. 2009. Composite Drying with Simultaneous Vacuum and Toggling. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 104(4):131-138.
Whey Protein Isolate: A Potential Filler for the Leather Industry -
Hernandez Balada, E., Taylor, M.M., Brown, E.M., Liu, C., Cot, J. 2009. Whey Protein Isolate: A Potential Filler for the Leather Industry. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 104(4):122-130.
Effects of Antioxidants on Polymeric Coatings for a Fibrous Collagen Material: Leather -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Cooke, P.H. 2008. Effects of Antioxidants on Polymeric Coatings for a Fibrous Collagen Material: Leather. Proceedings of American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. PMSE Preprints. 99:29-30.
Sugar beet pulp and poly(lactic acid) composites using methylene diphenyl diisocyanate as coupling agent -
Liu, L.S., Coffin, D.R., Liu, C., Cooke, P.H., Hicks, K.B. 2008. Sugar beet pulp and poly(lactic acid) composites using methylene diphenyl diisocyanate as coupling agent. Polymers Research Journal. 2(2):115-126.
Airborne Ultrasonics for Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality -
Liu, C., Godinez-Azcuaga, V.F., Latona, N.P., Hanson, M., Ozevin, D. 2008. Airborne Ultrasonics for Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 103(7):209:214.
Polymeric Coatings Containing Antioxidants to Improve UV- and Heat Resistance of Chrome-Free Leather -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Cooke, P.H. 2008. Polymeric Coatings Containing Antioxidants to Improve UV and Heat Resistance of Chrome-Free Leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 103(6):167-175.
EVALUATION OF POLY(LACTIC ACID) AND AGRICULTURAL COPRODUCTS AS GREEN COMPOSITE MATERIALS -
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Willett, J.L. 2007. EVALUATION OF POLY(LACTIC ACID) AND AGRICULTURAL COPRODUCTS AS GREEN COMPOSITE MATERIALS. Meeting Abstract. xx.
New Acoustic Methods for Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality -
Liu, C., Godinez-Azcuaga, V.F., Latona, N.P., Hanson, M., Finlayson, R.D. 2008. New Acoustic Methods for Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 103(3):89-127.
Mechanical Property Characterization of Plasticized Sugar Beet Pulp and Poly(lactic acid) Green Composites using Acoustic Emission and Confocal Microscopy. -
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Cooke, P.H., Liu, L.S., Willett, J.L. 2008. Mechanical Property Characterization of Plasticized Sugar Beet Pulp and Poly(lactic acid) Green Composites using Acoustic Emission and Confocal Microscopy. Polymers and the Environment. 16(1):19-26.
Preparation of poly(lactic acid) and pectin composite films intended for application in antimicrobial packaging -
Liu, L.S., Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Jin, Z.T., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2007. Preparation of poly(lactic acid) and pectin composite films intended for application in antimicrobial packaging. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 106(2)801-810.
Hysteresis and Stress Relaxation Studies for a Fibrous Collagen Material: Chrome-free Leather -
Liu, C. 2007. Hysteresis and Stress Relaxation Studies for a Fibrous Collagen Material: Chrome-free Leather. American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. PMSE Preprints. 97:905-906.
Drying Chrome-free Leather using a Combination of Vacuum and Toggling -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Cooke, P.H. 2007. Drying Chrome-free Leather using a Combination of Vacuum and Toggling. In: Proceedings of International Union of Leather Technologists and Chemists Societies and American Leather Chemists Association Conference, June 20-24, 2007, Washington, D.C. 2007 CDROM.
POLY(LACTIC ACID) GREEN COMPOSITES USING OILSEED COPRODUCTS AS FILLERS -
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Evangelista, R.L., Liu, L.S., Cermak, S.C., Hojillaevangelist, M.P., Willett, J.L. 2007. Poly(lactic acid) green composites using oilseed coproducts as fillers. Industrial Crops and Products. 26(1):36-43.
A preliminary study on edible, antimicrobial extruded films made from pectin and other food hydrocolloids -
Liu, L.S., Jin, Z.T., Liu, C., Hicks, K.B., Mohanty, A.K., Bhardwaj, R., Misra, M. 2008. A preliminary study on edible, antimicrobial extruded films made from pectin and other food hydrocolloids. Journal of Natural Fibers. 5(4):366-382.
Viscoelasticity Studies for Chrome-Free Leather -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Cooke, P.H. 2007. Viscoelasticity Studies for Chrome-Free Leather. Journal of Materials Science. 42:8509-8516.
Properties of poly(lactic acid) and sugar beet pulp green composites. II. Structural and mechanical properties analysis -
Liu, L.S., Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Coffin, D.R., Willett, J.L., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2007. Properties of poly(lactic acid) and sugar beet pulp green composites. II. Structural and mechanical properties analysis. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy. 1(3):323-330.
Milling Effects on Mechanical Behaviors of Leather -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Cooke, P.H. 2007. Milling Effects on Mechanical Behaviors of Leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 102(6):191-197.
Composite films from pectin and fish skin gelatin or soybean flour protein -
Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2007. Composite films from pectin and fish skin gelatin or soybean flour protein. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 55(6),p.2349-2355.
Green composites of poly(lactic acid) and sugar beet pulp. II. Structural and mechanical property analysis. -
Liu, L.S., Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Coffin, D.R., Willett, J.L., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2007. Green composites of poly(lactic acid) and sugar beet pulp. II. Structural and mechanical property analysis. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy. 1:323-330.
Drying Chrome-free Leather Using a Combination of Vacuum and Toggling -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Cooke, P.H., Dimaio, G.L. 2007. Drying Chrome-free Leather Using a Combination of Vacuum and Toggling [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 37.
Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality by Means of Acoustic Emission and Airborne Ultrasonics -
Godinez, V., Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Hanson, M., Finlayson, R.D. 2007. Nondestructive Evaluation of Leather Quality by Means of Acoustic Emission and Airborne Ultrasonics [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 34.
GREEN COMPOSITES OF POLY(LACTIC ACID) AND OILSEED CO-PRODUCTS -
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, C., Evangelista, R.L., Liu, L.S., Cermak, S.C., Hojillaevangelist, M.P., Willett, J.L. 2006. Green composites of poly(lactic acid) and oilseed co-products [abstract]. UJNR Annual Meeting. P.21.
Pectin films for various applications -
Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Finkenstadt, V.L., Jin, Z.T., Fishman, M.L., Hicks, K.B. 2006. Pectin films for various applications. Proceedings in 35th UJNR Meeting No. PR31-34.
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF POLY (LACTIC ACID) GREEN COMPOSITES USING AGRICULTURAL CO-PRODUCTS AS FILLERS -
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Cermak, S.C., Evangelista, R.L., Hojillaevangelist, M.P., Willett, J.L. 2006. Preparation and characterization of poly (lactic acid) green composites using agricultural co-products as fillers [abstract]. World Conference & Exhibition on Oilseed/Vegetable Oil Utilization, Istanbul, Turkey.
EFFECTS OF DRYING PROCESSES AND FATLIQUORING ON RESILIENCY OF LEATHER -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Cooke, P.H. 2007. Effects of drying processes and fatliquoring on resiliency of leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 102(2):68-74.
SUGAR BEET PULP AND POLY (LACTIC ACID) GREEN COMPOSITES -
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Coffin, D.R., Willett, J.L., Fishman, M., Hicks, K.B. 2006. SUGAR BEET PULP AND POLY (LACTIC ACID) GREEN COMPOSITES. Meeting Abstract. xx.
GREEN COMPOSITES USING POLY(LACTIC ACID) AND AGRICULTURAL CO-PRODUCTS -
Finkenstadt, V.L., Liu, L.S., Liu, C., Cermak, S.C., Evangelista, R.L., Hojillaevangelist, M.P., Willett, J.L. 2006. Green composites using poly(lactic acid) and agricultural co-products [abstract]. Green Chemistry and Engineering Conference. p.64. n.190.
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON CHROME-FREE LEATHER -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Ashby, R.D., Ding, K. 2006. Environmental effects on chrome-free leather [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 13.
RECENT PROGRESS ON ACOUSTIC METHODS FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF LEATHER QUALITY -
Godinez-Azcuaga, V.F., Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Hanson, M., Finlayson, R.D. 2006. Recent progress on acoustic methods for nondestructive evaluation of leather quality [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. p. 21.
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON CHROME-FREE LEATHER -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Ashby, R.D., Ding, K. 2006. Environmental Effects on Chrome-free Leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 101(10):368-375.
EFFECTS OF STRETCHING AND DRYING RATE ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CHROME-FREE LEATHER -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Cooke, P.H. 2006. Effects of stretching and drying rate on the mechanical properties of chrome-free leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 101(9):330-335.
BIODEGRADABLE COMPOSITES FROM SUGAR BEET PULP AND POLY (LACTIC ACID) -
Liu, L.S., Fishman, M.L., Hicks, K.B., Liu, C. 2005. Biodegradable composites from sugar beet pulp and poly (lactic acid). Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. 53(23)p. 9017-9022.
FIBROUS COLLAGEN MATERIAL: LEATHER TREATED WITH TOCOPHEROL -
Liu, C. 2005. Fibrous collagen material: leather treated with tocopherol. In: The Fiber Society, Fall 2005 Annual Meeting and Technical Conference, Fiber Science - The Next Generation. October 17-19, 2005, Newark, New Jersey. p. 65-66.
LUBRICATION OF LEATHER WITH MIXTURES OF POLYETHLENE GLYCOL AND OIL -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2006. Lubrication of leather with mixtures of polyethlene glycol and oil. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 101(4):132-139.
HIDES TO LEATHER: STUDIES ON DEHAIRING, PROTEOGLYCANS, APPLICATIONS OF WASTE PROTEINS, DRYING, AND NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF LEATHER -
Marmer, W.N., Brown, E.M., Liu, C., Mozersky, S.M., Taylor, M.M. 2005. Hides to leather: studies on dehairing, proteoglycans, applications of waste proteins, drying, and nondestructive testing of leather. Program No. 370 [CD-ROM]. 2005 Abstract Viewer. Honolulu, Hawaii: International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies.
CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYMERIC COATINGS USING ACOUSTIC EMISSION TECHNIQUES -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2005. Characterization of polymeric coatings using acoustic emission techniques. American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering. PMSE Preprints. 97:905-906.
NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING USING ROTATIONAL AE SENSORS -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Dimaio, G.L., Godinez, V., Finlayson, R.D., Hanson, M. 2005. Nondestructive testing using rotational ae sensors. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 100(11):438-446.
LUBRICATION OF LEATHER WITH MIXTURES OF POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL AND OIL -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2005. Lubrication of leather with mixtures of polyethylene glycol and oil [abstract]. American Leather Chemists Association Meeting. Paper No. 10.
GLUTARALDEHYDE-TANNED LEATHER TREATED WITH TOCOPHEROL -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2005. Glutaraldehyde-tanned leather treated with tocopherol. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 100(3):102-110.
A DRYING STUDY FOR GLUTARALDEHYDE-TANNED LEATHER -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2005. A drying study for glutaraldehyde-tanned leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 100(1):8-15.
THE APPLICATION OF ACOUSTIC EMISSION TO CHARACTERIZE THE LUBRICATION OF A FIBROUS COLLAGEN MATERIAL: LEATHER -
Liu, C. 2004. The application of acoustic emission to characterize the lubrication of a fibrous collagen material: leather [abstract]. Fiber Society Fall Technical Conference, A Symposium on Advanced Materials and Processes. p. 13-14.
DRYING STUDIES FOR GLUTARALDEHYDE-TANNED LEATHER -
Liu, C. 2004. Drying studies for glutaraldehyde-tanned leather [abstract]. 228th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Division of Cellulose and Renewable Materials. Paper No. 89.
GLUTARALDEHYDE-TANNED LEATHER TREATED WITH TOCOPHEROLS -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2004. Glutaraldehyde-tanned leather treated with tocopherols [abstract]. Annual Meeting of the American Leather Chemists Association. Paper No. 13.
NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF LEATHER BASED ON ACOUSTIC EMISSION -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2004. Nondestructive evaluation of leather based on acoustic emission. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 99(6):251-257.
EFFECTS OF DRYING METHODS ON CHROME-TANNED LEATHER -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P., Lee, J. 2004. Effects of drying methods on chrome-tanned leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 99(5):205-210.
PHYSICAL PROPERTY STUDIES FOR A COLLAGEN MATERIAL: LEATHER TREATED WITH TOCOPHEROL -
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P. PHYSICAL PROPERTY STUDIES FOR A COLLAGEN MATERIAL: LEATHER TREATED WITH TOCOPHEROL. PROC AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOC DIV OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING. 2003. V. 89. P. 226-227.
APPLICATION OF TOCOPHEROL TO IMPROVE THE DURABILITY OF LEATHER -
Liu, C., Latona, N.P. 2003. Application of tocopherol to improve the durability of leather. Journal of American Leather Chemists Assocation. 98(10):400-407.
ENZYMATIC MODIFICATION OF HYDROLYSIS PRODUCTS FROM COLLAGEN USING A MICROBIAL TRANSGLUTAMINASE III PREPARATION OF FILMS WITH IMPROVED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES -
Taylor, M.M., Liu, C., Marmer, W.N., Brown, E.M. 2003. Enzymatic modification of hydrolysis products from collagen using a microbial transglutaminase. III. preparation of films with improved mechanical properties. Journal of American Leather Chemists Assocation. 98(11):435-444.
ABSORPTION AND ACOUSTIC EMISSION STUDIES FOR A COLLAGEN MATERIAL - LEATHER TREATED WITH POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL -
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. ABSORPTION AND ACOUSTIC EMISSION STUDIES FOR A COLLAGEN MATERIAL - LEATHER TREATED WITH POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL. PROCEEDINGS OF AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY NATIONAL MEETING. 2002. 87, p. 119-120
ACOUSTIC EMISSION STUDIES ON THE LUBICATION OF A FIBROUS COLLAGEN MATERIAL-LEATHER -
ABSORPTION OF GLYCEROL AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTY OF A COLLAGENOUS MATERIAL - LEATHER -
LIU, C. ABSORPTION OF GLYCEROL AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTY OF A COLLAGENOUS MATERIAL - LEATHER. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE. 2003. V. 87. P. 1221-1231.
PHYSICAL PROPERTY STUDIES FOR LEATHER LUBRICATED WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF FATLIQUORS -
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. PHYSICAL PROPERTY STUDIES FOR LEATHER LUBRICATED WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF FATLIQUORS. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 431-440.
ACOUSTIC EMISSION STUDIES FOR LEATHER COATINGS -
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. ACOUSTIC EMISSION STUDIES FOR LEATHER COATINGS. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 389-399.
AREA RETENTION STUDIES FOR VACUUM-DRIED LEATHER -
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. AREA RETENTION STUDIES FOR VACUUM-DRIED LEATHER. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 355-368.
LUBRICATION OF LEATHER WITH POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL -
LIU, C., LATONA, N.P., DIMAIO, G.L. LUBRICATION OF LEATHER WITH POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL. JOURNAL OF AMERICAN LEATHER CHEMISTS ASSOCIATION. 2002. V. 97. P. 329-338.
Last Modified: 5/2/2016
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