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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Eric B. Jang

Supervisory Research Entomologist

Eric Jang


Contact Information

USDA-ARS 
U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center
64 Nowelo St.
Hilo, Hawaii 96720 
Ph: (808) 959-4340
Fax: (808) 959-4319

Publications

via ARIS System

via Google Scholar

Education

  • B. A. Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, 1973
  • M. A. Biological Sciences, California State University, Hayward, 1977
  • Ph.D. Entomology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, 1980

Academic Positions

  • 1999 – Present Research Leader, USDA-ARS, PBARC, Hilo, HI
  • 1983-1999 Research Entomologist, USDA-ARS, USPBARC, Hilo, HI
  • 1982-1983 Research Fellow, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY
  • 1980-1982 Research Fellow, Department of Biochemistry, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND

Research Accomplishments

Dr. Jang has 33 years of research experience in the area of entomology, primarily in the areas of insect physiology/biochemistry, postharvest entomology, insect chemical ecology and areawide management. His early research was on hydromineral regulation in salt tolerant insects, followed by his Ph.D. research on hormonal control of cuticular melanization in moths. Postdoctoral research centered on chitin synthesis inhibition in cultured insect cell lines and anti-juvenile hormone mode of action in insects. With ARS Dr Jang has worked on postharvest disinfestation and chemical ecology of tephritid fruit flies and other pests. Dr. Jang has authored or co-authored over 165 scientific papers, conference proceedings and book chapters. He has been invited to speak at over 60 regional, national and international meetings and conferences on his research and has hosted three international workshops on insect chemoreception and the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Chemical Ecology. Dr. Jang's expertise has been further recognized by his appointment to chair numerous international, federal and state scientific advisory panels, and request for consultations worldwide in the areas of tephritid fruit flies and other invasive pests. He is frequently asked by Joint FAO/IAEA Pest Control Section to participate and provide advice on program-related activities. Dr Jang is currently President of the Asia-Pacific Association of Chemical Ecologists and research Leader of the unit.

New and improved semiochemicals for fruit flies

Use of fruit fly attractants form the core of detection, delimitation, control and eradication of these invasive quarantine pests throughout the world. Dr Jang and his team has developed several new semiochemicals lures that are commercially used to trap the Mediterranean, oriental and melon fruit fly. These lures are also effective against some other invasive pests. Dr Jang has also worked on identification moth pheromones for use in detection and delimitation of pest moth species.

Quarantine heat treatments

Dr Jang developed thermal death kinetics to describe effects of heat on immature stages of fruit flies. This has lead to heat treatments for use against fruit flies attacking mango and lychee. Use of vapor heat for disinfestation of keitt mango is now approved by Japan.

Systems approaches for risk mitigation

Dr Jang and team developed the conceptual framework for what is known as the systems approach to quarantine security. The systems approach is an alternative to single disinfestation treatments and rely on sequential mitigation procedure that cumulatively reduce risk of insects in consignments to acceptable levels of risk. The systems approach concept has been codified in FOA / IPPC international standards acceptable worldwide to member nations

Physiological control of behavior

Dr Jang identified key physiological processes associated with mating in fruit flies that control and/or modulate specific olfactory behaviors in these flies. Factors associated with male accessory glands can affect behavior and mating refractory periods in insects

Service, Leadership and Participation in Professional Activities:

  • President, Asia-Pacific Association of Chemical Ecologists 2009-2011
  • Chair, Medfly (99-present) and oriental fruit fly 2005-present) Science Advisory Panel of the state of California
  • Advisory Panels – African fruit fly Initiative (99-04), Africa; Papaya fruit fly eradication, Australia, carambola fruit fly eradication program, Suriname
  • Methyl bromide assessment tiger team 1993
  • Coffee Berry Borer Science Advisory Panel 2011
  • Research leader (99- present)
  • FAO/IAEA National coordinators meetings 2008-2011

Honors, Awards, Achievements and Recognition:

  • Member, Sigma Xi
  • Member, Gamma Sigma Delta
  • Graduate Research Award - Entomology, Albert E. Tester Symposium, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, 1979
  • Registered Professional Entomologist # 1280
  • Federal Laboratory Consortium, Group Award for Excellence in Technology Transfer of Hawaii Areawide Fruit Fly Program. 2004 (Team Award)
  • USDA Secretary’s Group Honors Award for Excellence, “For creating and effective areawide suppression program for fruit flies in Hawaii leading to a sustainable rural economy” 2004 (Team Award)
  • Entomological Society of America Foundation Award, IPM Team Award. 2004
  • Pacific Branch, Entomological Society of America, Hawaii Areawide IPM Team Award 2004
  • USDA-ARS, Technology Transfer Award, Hawaii Fruit Fly Hawaii Areawide Pest Management Core Team. 2004
  • State of Hawaii, Recognition the HAWIPM Core Team for successful fruit fly pest management program, 2005 session.

Last Modified: 8/22/2012
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