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Joel A Biederman

Research Hydrologist

Joel A Biederman/ARSUserFiles/49407/Joel Headshot 2024.JPG
Research Hydrologist

Southwest Watershed Research Center
USDA-Agricultural Research Service
2000 E. Allen Road
Tucson, AZ  85719
Tel: (520) 647 - 9236

Research Interests

I am a Research Hydrologist with the USDA-ARS Southwest Watershed Research Center.  I work to understand the impacts of climate and land use changes on watershed services and to develop new tools for sustainable watershed management.   I specialize in 1) interactions of ecosystems and hydrology, 2) ecosystem disturbances such as drought, fire and logging, 3) snow hydrology and 4) leveraging research results from diverse sites to address questions of regional to global scale.

Current Projects

Education and Background

I grew up spending school years in rainy McMinnville, Oregon, but my family worked summers in Arizona, where I learned about the role of water in dryland ecosystems.  I received degrees in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Montana State University and conducted water and wastewater research at the NSF Center for Biofilm Engineering.  After serving as a teacher in France and then Connecticut, I returned to Arizona in 2010 to pursue a Ph.D. in Hydrology and Water Resources with advisor Paul Brooks at the University of Arizona.  After four years as a postdoc with Russ Scott at SWRC, I was hired as a Category 1 scientist in 2018. 

Recent Publications

(for a complete list & full texts, see Research Gate and Google Scholar links above)

Feldman, A.F.; Fang, X., Felton, A.J., Knapp, A.K, Biederman, J.A., and Poulter, B.  Global plant response to changing rainfall frequency and magnitude.  Invited commentary for Nature Reviews Earth and Environment. Accepted.

Zheng, Z.Z., Wen, F.Q., Biederman, J.A., Tudi, M. Lv, M..B., Xu, S.R., Cui, X.Y., Wang, Y.F., Hao, Y.B., and Li, L.F., Methane uptake rsponses to extreme droughts regulated by seasonal timing and plant composition.  2024.  Catena.  10.1016/j.catena.2024.107822

 Wen, F.Q., Biederman, J.A., Hao, Y.B., Qian, R.Y., Zheng, Z.Z., Cui, X.Y., Zhao, T., Xue, K., Wang, R.F.,  Extreme drought alters methane uptake but not methane sink in semi-arid steppes of Inner Mongolia. 2024. Science of the Total Environment. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.169834.

Biederman, J.A., Smith, W.K., Zhang, F.Y., Dannenberg, M.P., Reed, S.C., and Yan, D.,  Reply to Comment on “Five decades of observed daily precipitation reveal longer and more variable drought events across much of the western United States (pub. 2021)”.  2024.  Geophysical Research Letters. 10.1029/2023GL105124

Li, L.F., Hao, Y.B., Wang, W.J., Biederman, J.A., Zheng, Z.Z., Wang, Y.F., Tudi, M., Qian, R., Zhang, B., Che, R.X., Song, X., Cui, X.Y., and Xu, Z.H.  Effects of extra-extreme precipitation variability on multi-year cumulative nitrous oxide emission in a semiarid grassland.  2023.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.  10.1016/j.agrformet.2023.109761

Javadian, M.., Scott, R.L., Biederman, J.A., Zhang, F., Fisher, J.B., Reed, S.C., Potts, D.L., Villareal, M., and Smith, W.K.  High frequency thermal imaging reveals the sensitivity of key dryland plant functional groups to future more intense, less frequent rainfall pulses in semiarid grasslands.  2023.  New Phytologist.  10.1111/nph.19127

Broxton, P.D., van Leeuwen, W.J.D., Svoma, B., Walter, J., and Biederman, J.A.  Sub-seasonal to seasonal streamflow forecasting in a semiarid watershed.  2023.  Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 10.1111/1752-1688.13147

Dwivedi, R., Biederman, J.A., Broxton, P.D., Lee, K., Van Leeuwen, W.J.D, and Pearl, J.K.  Forest density regulates root zone water stress and percolation differently at sites with contrasting ephemeral or stable seasonal snowpacks. 2023. Journal of Hydrology. 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2023.129915

Li, Linfeng, Hao, Y.B., Wang, W.J.,  Biederman, J.A., Zheng, Z.Z., Zhang, B., Wang, Y.F., Song, X.N. Cui, X.Y., Xu, Z.H. Seasonal timing of extreme drought regulates N2O fluxes in a semiarid grassland.  2023.  Geoderma. 10.1016/j.geoderma.2023.116530

Zhang, F., Biederman, J.A., Devine, C.D., Pierce, N.A., Yan, D., Javadian, M., Potts, D.L., and Smith, W.K.   Using high frequency digital repeat photography to quantify the sensitivity of a semi-arid grassland ecosystem to the temporal repackaging of precipitation. 2023.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2023.109539

Knowles, J., Badger, A.M., Berkelhammer, M., Biederman, J.A., Bjarke, N.R., Blanken, P.D., Bretfled, M., Burns, S.P., Ewers, B.E.,  Frank, J.M., Hicke, J.A, Lestak, L., Livneh, B., Reed, D.E., Scott, R.L.,  and Molotch, N.P.  Bark beetle impacts on forest evapotranspiration and its partitioning.  2023.  Science of the Total Environment.  10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.163260

McDowell, N.D., Anderson-Teixeira, K., Biederman, J.A., Breshears, D.D., Fang, Y., Fernandez-de-Una, L., Graham, E.., Mackay, D.S., McDonnell, J.J., Nehemy, M.F., Stevens-Rumann, C., S.Stegen, J., Tague, N., Turner, M.G. and Chen, X.Y., Ecohydrological decoupling under changing disturbances and climate. 2023.  One Earth.  10.1016/j.oneear.2023.02.007

Hoover, DL Abendroth, LJ, Browning, DM, Saha, A, Snyder, K, Wagle, P, Witthaus, L, Baffaut, C, Biederman, JA, Bosch, DD, Bracho, R, Busch, D, Clark, P, Ellsworth, P, Fay, PA, Flerchinger, G, Kearney, S, Levers, L, Saliendra, N, Schmer, M, Schomberg, H, and Scott, RL.  Indicators of water use efficiency across diverse agroecosystems and spatiotemporal scales.  2023.  Science of the Total Environment.  10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160992

Dannenberg, M.P., Barnes, M.L., Smith, W.K., Johnston, M.R., Meerdink, S.K., Wang, X.W.,  Scott, R.L., and Biederman, J.A.,  Upscaling dryland carbon and water fluxes with artificial neural networks of optical, thermal, and microwave satellite remote sensing. 2022. Biogeosciences.  10.5194/bg-20-383-2023

Dwivedi, R., Biederman, J.A., Broxton, P.D., Lee, K., Van Leeuwen, W.J.D.  Snowtography quantifies effects of forest cover on net water input to soil at ephemeral and seasonal snowpack sites in Arizona, USA. 2023.  Ecohydrology. 10.1002/eco.2494

Roby, M.C., Scott, R.L., Biederman, J.A., Smith, W.K., and Moore, D.J.P.  Response of soil carbon dioxide efflux to temporal repackaging of rainfall into fewer, larger events in a semiarid grassland.  2022.  Frontiers in Environmental Science.  10.3389/fenvs.2022.940943

Dannenberg, M.P., Yan, D., Barnes, M.L., Smith, W.K., Johnston, M.R., Scott, R.L., Biederman, J.A., Knowles, J.F., Wang, X., Duman, T., Litvak, M.E., Kimball, J., Williams, P., Zhang, Y.  Exceptional heat and atmospheric dryness amplified losses of primary production during the 2020 U.S. Southwest hot drought.  2022.  Global Change Biology. 10.1111/gcb.16214

Biederman, J.A., Robles, M., Scott, R. L. and Knowles, J.F.  Streamflow response to wildfire differs with season and elevation in the Lower Colorado River Basin.  2022. Water Resources Research.  10.1029/2021WR030687

Castellanos, A., Hinojo-Hinojo, C., Rodriguez, J., Romo-Leon, J.R., Wilcox, B.D., Biederman, J.A., and Penuelas, J.  Plant functional diversity influences water and carbon fluxes and use efficiencies in native and disturbed dryland ecosystems.  2022.  Ecohydrology. 10.1002/eco.2415

Belmonte, A., Sankey, T., Biederman, J.A., Bradford, J., and Kolb, T.  Soil moisture response to seasonal drought conditions and forest structure in a thinned semi-arid forest. 2022.  Ecohydrology. 10.1002/eco.2406

Li, L.F., Qian, R., Liu, W., Wang, W., Biederman, J.A., Zhang, B., Kang, X.M., Wn, F.Q., Ran, Q.W., Zheng, Z.Z., Xu, C., Che, R.X., Xu, Z.H., Cui, X.Y., Hao, Y.B., and Wang, Y.F.           Drought timing influences the sensitivity of a semiarid grassland to drought.  2022. Geoderma. 10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.115714

Li, L.F., Hao, Y.B., Wang, W.J., Biederman, J.A., Wang, Y.F., Zheng, Z.Z., Wen, F., Qian, R.Y., Zhang, B., Song, X.N., Cui, X.Y., and Xu, Z.H.  Joint control of soil functional genes and substrate on resistance and resilience of N2O flux to climate extremes in a semiarid grassland.  2022.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.  10.1016/j.agrformet.2022.108854

Wang, X., Biederman, J.A., Knowles, J.F., Scott, R.L., Turner, A.J., Koehler, P., Frankenberg, C., Litvak, M.E., Flerchinger, G.E., Law, B.E., Kwon, H.J., Reed, S.C., Parton, W.J., Barron-Gafford, G.A., and Smith, W.K. Satellite solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and near-infrared reflectance capture complementary aspects of dryland vegetation dynamics.  2022.  Remote Sensing of Environment. 10.1016/j.rse.2021.112858

Vivoni, E.R., Templeton, N.P., Scott, R.L., Archer, S.R., Biederman, J.A., and Naito, A.T.  Spatial Heterogeneity in Long-Term Meteorological Fluxes at Two Nearby Sites in a Woody Savanna of the Sonoran Desert.  2022.   Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2021.108763 R

Zhang, F., Biederman, J.A., Pierce, N.A., Potts, D.L., Devine, C.J., Hao, Y.B., and Smith, W.K.  Precipitation temporal repackaging into fewer, larger storms delayed seasonal timing of peak photosynthesis in a semi-arid grassland.  2022.  Functional Ecology. 10.1111/1365-2435.13980

Li, L.F., Hao, Y.B., Zheng, Z.Z., Wang, W.J., Biederman, J.A., Wang, Y.F., Wen, F.Q., Qian, R.Y., Xu, C., Zhang, B., Song, X.N., Cui, X.Y., Xu, Z.H. and  Heavy rainfall in peak growing season had larger effects on soil nitrogen flux and pool than in the late season in a semiarid grassland.  2022.  Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 10.1016/j.agee.2021.107785

Barnes, M.L., Farella, M.M., Scott, R.L., Moore, D.J.P., Ponce-Campos, G.E., Biederman, J.A., MacBean, N., Litvak, M.E., Breshears, D.D.  Ecohydrological water-carbon coupling improves dryland carbon flux prediction of average uptake, interannual variability, and drought.  2021.  Nature Communications Earth and Environment. 10.1038/s43247-021-00308-2

Mahmud, K., Scott, R.L., Biederman, J.A., Litvak, M.E., Kolb, T., Meyers, T.P., Krishnan, P., Bastrikob, V., and MacBean, N.  Optimizing Carbon Cycle Parameters Drastically Improves Terrestrial Biosphere Model Underestimates of Dryland Mean Net CO2 Flux and its Inter-Annual Variability.  2021.  JGR Biogeosciences. 10.1029/2021JG006400

Goodrich, D., Heilman, P., Nearing, M., Nichols, M., Scott, R., Williams, J., and J.A. Biederman.  The USDA-Agricultural Research Service’s Long Term Agro-ecosystems Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed (WGEA), Arizona, USA.  2021.  Hydrological Processes10.1002/hyp.14349

MacBean, N., Scott, R.L., Biederman, J.A., Peylin, P., Kolb, T., Litvak, M., Krishnan, P., Meyers, T.P., Arora, V., Bastrikov, V., Goll, D., Lombardozzi, D.L., Nabel, J., Pongratz, J., Sitch, S., Walker, A.P., Zaehle, S., and Moore, D.J.P.  Dynamic global vegetation models underestimate net CO2 flux mean and inter-annual variability in dryland ecosystems.  2021.  Environmental Research Letters. 10.1088/1748-9326/ac1a38

Li, L.F., Z. Z. Zheng, J.A. Biederman, C. Xu, Z.H. Xu, R.X. Che, Y.F. Wang, X.Y. Cui and Y.B. Hao.  Nonlinear carbon cycling responses to precipitation variability in a semiarid grassland. 2021. Science of the Total Environment.  10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147062

Zhang, F.Y., Biederman, J.A., Dannenberg, M.P., Yan, D., Reed, S.C., and Smith, W.K.  Five decades of observed daily precipitation reveal longer and more variable drought events across much of the western United States.  2021.  Geophysical Research Letters.

Robles, M., Hammond, J., Kampf, S., Biederman, J.A., and Demaria, E.  Winter inputs buffer streamflow sensitivity to snowpack losses in the Salt River watershed in the Lower Colorado River Basin.  2021. Water. 10.3390/w13010003

Belmonte, A., Sankey, T., Biederman, J.A., Bradford, J., Goetz, S. and Kolb., T. UAV-derived snow cover and persistence: implications for dry forest management and forest structure.  2021.  Remote Sensing. 10.3390/rs13051036

Scott, R.L., Knowles, J.F., Nelson, J., Gentine, P., Li, X., Bryant, R.B., Biederman, J.A. 2021. Water availability impacts on evapotranspiration partitioning. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 297. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108251. 

Knowles, J., R.L. Scott, J.A. Biederman, P. Blanken, S.P. Burns, S. Dore, T.E. Kolb, M.Litvak and G. Barron-Gafford.  Montane forest productivity across a semi-arid climatic gradient.  2020.  Global Change Biology.

MacBean, N.,  Scott, R.L., Biederman, J.A., Ottle, C., Vuichard, N., Kolb, T., Dore, S., Litvak, M., Ducharne, A., and Moore, D.J.P.  Multi-variable, multi-configuration testing of ORCHIDEE land surface model water flux and storage estimates across semi-arid sites in the southwestern US.  2020.   Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 10.5194/hess-24-5203-2020

Baffaut, C.,  J. Baker, J. A. Biederman, D. Bosch, A. Buda, E. Brooks, E. Demaria, E. Elias, G. Flerchinger, D. Goodrich, S. Hamilton, S. Hardegree, D. Harmel, D. Hoover, K. King, P. Kleinman, M. Liebig, G. McCarty, G. Moglen, T. Moorman, D. Moriasi, F. Pierson, E. Russell, A. Saha, D. Smith, L. Yasarer.  Comparative analysis of water budgets across the U.S. Long-Term Agroecosystem Research network.  2020.  Journal of Hydrology.  10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.125021

Li, Linfeng; Zheng, Zhenzhen; Biederman, J.A.; Qian, Ruyan; Zhang, Biao; Che, Rongxiao; Wang, Fang; Xu, Zhi Hong; Cui, Xiaoyong; Hao, YanBin; Wang, Yanfen.  Drought and heat wave impacts on grassland carbon cycling across hierarchical levels. 2021. Plant, Cell and Environment.  10.1111/pce.13767

Fellows, A.W., Flerchinger, G.N., Seyfried, M.S., Biederman, J.A., and Lohse, K.A.  Winter CO2 efflux from cold sagebrush shrublands distributed across the rain-to-snow transition zone.  2020. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences. 10.1029/2019JG005325

Broxton, P. D., van Leeuwen, J.D. and Biederman, J.A.  Forest cover and topography regulate the thin, ephemeral snowpacks of the semiarid Southwest United States.  2020.  Ecohydrology. 10.1002/eco.2202

Belmonte, A., Sankey, T., Biederman, J.A., Bradford, J., Goetz, S., Kolb., T. and Woolley, T.  UAV-derived Estimates of Forest Structure to inform Ponderosa Pine Forest Restoration.  2019.  Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. 10.1002/rse2.137

Li, L., Zheng, Z., Wang, W., Biederman, J.A., Xu, X., Ran, Q., Qian, R., Xu, C., Zhang, B., Wang, F., Zhou, S., Cui, L., Che, R., Hao, Y.B., Cui, X., Xu, Z.H., and Wang, Y.F.  Nitrous oxide emissions in terrestrial ecosystems under climate change: a global meta-analysis.  2019.  Global Change Biology. 10.1111/gcb.14847

Smith, W.K., M.P. Dannenberg; D. Yan; S. Herrmann; M.L. Barnes; G.A. Barron-Gafford; J. A. Biederman; S. Ferrenberg; A.M. Fox; A.R. Hudson; J.F. Knowles; N. MacBean; D.J. Moore; P.L. Nagler; S.C. Reed; W.A. Rutherford; R.L. Scott; X. Wang; and J. Yang.  Remote sensing of dryland ecosystem structure and function: Progress, challenges and opportunities.  2019.  Remote Sensing of Environment. 10.1016/j.rse.2019.111401

Li, L.F., Z. Z. Zheng, J.A. Biederman, C. Xu, Z.H. xu, R.X. Che, Y.F. Wang, X.Y. Cui and Y.B. Hao.  Ecological response to heavy rainfall depends on seasonal timing and recurrence.  2019.  New Phytologist. 10.1111/nph.15832

Broxton, P. D., van Leeuwen, J.D. and Biederman, J.A.  Improving snow water equivalent maps with machine learning of snow survey and LiDAR measurements.  2019. Water Resources Research. 10.1029/2018WR024146

Scott, R.L. and J.A. Biederman.  Critical zone water balance over thirteen years in a semiarid savanna.  2019. Water Resources Research. 10.1029/2018WR023477

Zhou, C., Biederman, J.A., Zhang, H., L. Li,  Cui, X., Wang, Y., and Hao, Y.B. Extreme-duration drought impacts on soil CO2 efflux are regulated by plant species composition.  2019.  Plant and Soil. 10.1007/s11104-019-04025-w

Yan, D., Scott, R.L., Moore, D.J.P., Biederman, J.A. and Smith, W.K.  Understanding the relationship between vegetation greenness and productivity across dryland ecosystems through the integration of PhenoCam, satellite, and eddy covariance data.  2019.  Remote Sensing of the Environment. 10.1016/j.rse.2018.12.029

Hinojo-Hinojo, C., Castellanos, A., Huxman, T., Rodriguez, J., Vargas, R., Romo-Leon, J., and Biederman, J.A.  Native shrubland and managed bufflegrass savanna in drylands: implications on ecosystem carbon and water fluxes.  2019.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2019.01.030

Turpin-Jelfs, T.,  Michaelides, K., Biederman, J.A., and Anesio, A.M.  The distribution and speciation of nitrogen in a degrading semiarid grassland of the Southwestern USA.  2019. Biogeosciences 16.2: 369-381. 10.5194/bg-16-369-2019

Hao, Y.B., Zhang, H., Biederman, J.A., Li, L., Cui, X., Xue, K., Du, J., and Wang, Y.  Seasonal timing regulates extreme drought impacts on CO2 and H2O exchanges over semiarid steppes in Inner Mongolia, China.  2018.  Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 10.1016/j.agee.2018.06.010

Biederman, J.A., R.L. Scott, M. Litvak, E. Vivoni, J. Arnone, R. Jasoni, M.T. Moreo, S.A. Papuga, G.E. Ponce-Campos, E. R. Vivoni and A. Schreiner-McGraw.  Shrubland carbon sink depends on winter water availability in the warm deserts of North America.  2019.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Special Issue: 20th Anniversary of Ameriflux.  10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.11.005

Smith, W.K., Biederman, J.A., Scott, R.L., Moore, D.J.P., He, M., Kimball, J.S., Hudson, A., Barnes, M.L., MacBean, N., Fox, A., Litvak, M.E. Chlorophyll fluorescence better captures seasonal and interannual gross primary productivity dynamics across dryland ecosystems of southwestern North America . 2018. Geophysical Research Lett. 10.1002/2017GL075922.

Novick, K., J.A. Biederman, A. Desai, D. Moore, R. Scott and M. Torn.  Ameriflux’s bottom-up approach to network-enabled ecosystem science.  2018.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Special Issue: 20th Anniversary of Ameriflux.

Scott, R.L. and J.A. Biederman.  Partitioning evapotranspiration using long-term carbon dioxide and water vapor fluxes.  2017 Geophysical Research Lett. 44, 10.1002/2017GL074324.

Biederman, J.A., Russell L. Scott, Tom W. Bell, David R. Bowling, Sabina Dore, Jaime Garatuza-Payan,  Thomas E. Kolb, Praveena Krishnan, Dan J. Krofcheck, Marcy E. Litvak, Gregory E. Maurer, Tilden P. Meyers, Walter C. Oechel, Shirley A. Papuga, Guillermo E. Ponce-Campos, Julio C. Rodriguez, Rodrigo Vargas, Christopher J. Watts, Enrico A. Yepez, and Michael L. Goulden.  2017.  Carbon and water exchange across dryland ecosystems of southwestern North America.  Global Change Biology. 10.1111/gcb.13686.

W.J. Liu, L.F. Li, J.A. Biederman, Y.B. Hao, H. Zhang, X.M.Kang, , X.Y. Cui, Y.F. Wang, M.W. Li, Z.H. Xu, K. L. Griffin, C.Y. Xu.  2017.  Repackaging precipitation into fewer, larger storms reduces ecosystem exchanges of CO2 and H20 in semiarid steppes.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.  10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.08.029

Biederman, J.A., T. Meixner, A.A. Harpold., D.E. Reed,  E. Gutmann, J.A. Gaun, P.D. Brooks. Riparian zones attenuate nitrogen loss following bark beetle-induced lodgepole pine mortality.  2016.  Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences. 10.1002/2015JG003284

Biederman, J.A., R.L. Scott, M.Goulden, R. Vargas, M. Litvak, T.E. Kolb, P.Blanken, W. Oechel., E. Yepez, J. Garatuza, G. Maurer, S. Dore, T. Bell, S.P. Burns. 2016.  Terrestrial carbon balance in a drier world:  the effects of water availability in southwestern North America.  Global Change Biology.  10.1111/gcb.13222.  Outstanding Contribution of the Year, USDA-ARS Southwest Watershed Research Center.

Biederman, J.A., A. Somor, A.A. Harpold, E. Gutmann, A. Meddens, D.J. Gochis, P.A. Troch, R.L. Scott, D. Breshears, and P.D. Brooks.  2015.  Recent tree die-off has little effect on streamflow in contrast to expected increases from historical studies.  Water Resources Research. 10.1002/2015WR017401.  WRR Editor’s Choice Award.  EOS Research Spotlight

Scott, R.L., Biederman, J.A., G. Barron-Gafford, E. Hamerlynck.  The carbon balance pivot point of southwestern US ecosystems:  insights from the 21st century drought. 2015. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences 10.1002/2015JG003181.

Biederman, J.A., A.A. Harpold, D. J. Gochis, D. E. Reed, B. Ewers, S. Papuga and P.D. Brooks.  2014.  Increased evaporation following widespread tree mortality limits streamflow response. Water Resources Research. 10.1002/2013WR014994

Biederman, J.A., P.D. Brooks, A.A. Harpold, D.J. Gochis, E. Gutmann, E. Pendall D.E. Reed and B. Ewers.  2014.  Multiscale Observations of Snowpack Accumulation and Ablation Following Insect-induced Tree Mortality. Ecohydrology. DOI: 10.1002/eco.1342.

Broxton, P., A. Harpold, J.A. Biederman, P. Troch, N. Molotch, and P.D. Brooks.  2014.  Quantifying the effects of vegetation structure on snow accumulation and ablation in mixed-conifer forests. Ecohydrology. DOI: 10.1002/eco.1565

Harpold, A.A., J.A. Biederman, P.D. Brooks, K. Condon, M. Merino, and Y. Korgaonkar.  2014. Changes in Snow Accumulation and Ablation Following the Las Conchas Fire, N.M., USA.  Ecohydrology.  DOI 10.1002/eco.1363.

Borch, T., A.K. Camper, J.A. Biederman, P.W. Butterfield, R. Gerlach and J.E. Amonette.   2008.  Evaluation of Characterization Techniques for Iron Pipe Corrosion Products and Iron Oxide Thin Films. Journal of Environmental Engineering 134 (10), 835-844.

Stein, O.R., B.W. Towler, P.B. Hook and J.A. Biederman. 2007. On Fitting the k-C* First Order Model to Batch Loaded SSF Wetlands. Water Science and Technology. 56 (3): 93-99.

Stein, O.R., J.A. Biederman, P.B. Hook and W.C. Allen. 2006. Plant Species and Temperature Effects on the k-C* First Order Model for Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal in Batch Loaded SSF Wetlands. Ecological Engineering. 26(2): 100-112.

Stein, O.R., P.B. Hook, J.A. Biederman, W.C. Allen and D.J. Borden. 2003. Does Batch Operation Enhance Oxidation in Subsurface Constructed Wetlands? Water Science and Technology. 48(5): 149-156.

Hook, P.B., O.R. Stein, W.C. Allen and J.A. Biederman. 2003. Plant Species Effects on Seasonal Performance Patterns in Model Subsurface Wetlands. Chap. 5 IN: Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment in Cold Climates Ü. Mander and P.D. Jenssen, eds. 87-106. WTI Press, England.

Allen, W.C., P.B. Hook, J.A. Biederman and O.R. Stein. 2002. Temperature and Wetland Plant Species Effects on Wastewater Treatment and Root-zone Oxidation.  Journal of Environmental Quality. 31(3): 1011-1016.

Butterfield, P.W., A.M. Bargmeyer, A.K. Camper, J.A. Biederman. 2002.  Modified Enzyme Activity Assay to Determine Biofilm Biomass. Journal of Microbiological Methods.  50(1): 23-31.

Butterfield, P.W., A.K. Camper, J.A. Biederman, A.M. Bargmeyer.  2002.  Minimizing biofilm in the presence of iron oxides and humic substances.  Water Research.  36 (15) 3898-3910.  10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00088-X.

Stein, O.R., J.A. Biederman, P.B. Hook and W.C. Allen.  Performance data from model constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment.  1998.  Engineering approaches to ecosystem restoration.  949 – 954.  10.1061/40382(1998)158

Biederman, J.A. and O.R. Stein.  Physical modeling of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment.  1997.  Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers.  Environmental and coastal hydraulics:  protecting the aquatic habitat. 901-906.