Joel A Biederman
Southwest Watershed Research Center
USDA-Agricultural Research Service
2000 E. Allen Road
Tucson, AZ 85719
Tel: (520) 647 - 9236
I am a Research Hydrologist with the USDA-ARS Southwest Watershed Research Center. I work to understand the impacts of climate and land use changes on watershed services and to develop new tools for sustainable watershed management. I specialize in 1) interactions of ecosystems and hydrology, 2) ecosystem disturbances such as drought, fire and logging, 3) snow hydrology and 4) leveraging research results from diverse sites to address questions of regional to global scale.
- Quantifying the sensitivity of dryland ecosystems to climate change using long-term measurements of carbon dioxide and water exchanges between ecosystems and the atmosphere
- Measuring the impacts of drought, beetle infestation, and wildfire on water resources of the Western US
- Understanding the interactions of climate, topography and forest management on snowpack and snowmelt-derived water resources
Education and Background
I grew up spending school years in rainy McMinnville, Oregon, but my family worked summers in Arizona, where I learned about the role of water in dryland ecosystems. I received degrees in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Montana State University and conducted water and wastewater research at the NSF Center for Biofilm Engineering. After serving as a teacher in France and then Connecticut, I returned to Arizona in 2010 to pursue a Ph.D. in Hydrology and Water Resources with advisor Paul Brooks at the University of Arizona. After four years as a postdoc with Russ Scott at SWRC, I was hired as a Category 1 scientist in 2018.
(for a complete list & full texts, see Research Gate and Google Scholar links above)
Biederman, J.A., R.L. Scott, M. Litvak, E. Vivoni, J. Arnone, R. Jasoni, M.T. Moreo, S.A. Papuga, G.E. Ponce-Campos, E. R. Vivoni and A. Schreiner-McGraw. Shrubland carbon sink depends on winter water availability in the warm deserts of North America. 2018. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Special Issue: 20th Anniversary of Ameriflux.
Biederman, J.A., Russell L. Scott, Tom W. Bell, David R. Bowling, Sabina Dore, Jaime Garatuza-Payan, Thomas E. Kolb, Praveena Krishnan, Dan J. Krofcheck, Marcy E. Litvak, Gregory E. Maurer, Tilden P. Meyers, Walter C. Oechel, Shirley A. Papuga, Guillermo E. Ponce-Campos, Julio C. Rodriguez, Rodrigo Vargas, Christopher J. Watts, Enrico A. Yepez, and Michael L. Goulden. 2017. Carbon and water exchange across dryland ecosystems of southwestern North America. Global Change Biology. 10.1111/gcb.13686.
W.J. Liu, L.F. Li, J.A. Biederman, Y.B. Hao, H. Zhang, X.M.Kang, , X.Y. Cui, Y.F. Wang, M.W. Li, Z.H. Xu, K. L. Griffin, C.Y. Xu. 2017. Repackaging precipitation into fewer, larger storms reduces ecosystem exchanges of CO2 and H20 in semiarid steppes. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.08.029
Biederman, J.A., T. Meixner, A.A. Harpold., D.E. Reed, E. Gutmann, J.A. Gaun, P.D. Brooks. Riparian zones attenuate nitrogen loss following bark beetle-induced lodgepole pine mortality. 2016. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences. 10.1002/2015JG003284
Biederman, J.A., R.L. Scott, M.Goulden, R. Vargas, M. Litvak, T.E. Kolb, P.Blanken, W. Oechel., E. Yepez, J. Garatuza, G. Maurer, S. Dore, T. Bell, S.P. Burns. 2016. Terrestrial carbon balance in a drier world: the effects of water availability in southwestern North America. Global Change Biology. 10.1111/gcb.13222.
Scott, R.L. and J.A. Biederman. Partitioning evapotranspiration using long-term carbon dioxide and water vapor fluxes. 2017 Geophysical Research Lett. 44, 10.1002/2017GL074324.
Biederman, J.A., A. Somor, A.A. Harpold, E. Gutmann, A. Meddens, D.J. Gochis, P.A. Troch, R.L. Scott, D. Breshears, and P.D. Brooks. 2015. Recent tree die-off has little effect on streamflow in contrast to expected increases from historical studies. Water Resources Research. 10.1002/2015WR017401. WRR Editor’s Choice Award. EOS Research Spotlight https://eos.org/research-spotlights/bark-beetles-cause-big-tree-die-offs-but-streams-flow-steadily
Biederman, J.A., A.A. Harpold, D. J. Gochis, D. E. Reed, B. Ewers, S. Papuga and P.D. Brooks. 2014. Increased evaporation following widespread tree mortality limits streamflow response. Water Resources Research. 10.1002/2013WR014994
Biederman, J.A., P.D. Brooks, A.A. Harpold, D.J. Gochis, E. Gutmann, E. Pendall D.E. Reed and B. Ewers. 2014. Multiscale Observations of Snowpack Accumulation and Abalation Following Insect-induced Tree Mortality. Ecohydrology. DOI: 10.1002/eco.1342.
Scott, R.L., Biederman, J.A., G. Barron-Gafford, E. Hamerlynck. The carbon balance pivot point of southwestern US ecosystems: insights from the 21st century drought. 2015. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences 10.1002/2015JG003181.
Smith, W.K., Biederman, J.A., Scott, R.L., Moore, D.J.P., He, M., Kimball, J.S., Hudson, A., Barnes, M.L., MacBean, N., Fox, A., Litvak, M.E. Chlorophyll fluorescence better captures seasonal and interannual gross primary productivity dynamics across dryland ecosystems of southwestern North America . 2018. Geophysical Research Lett. 10.1002/2017GL075922.
Novick, K., J.A. Biederman, A. Desai, D. Moore, R. Scott and M. Torn. Ameriflux’s bottom-up approach to network-enabled ecosystem science. 2018. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Special Issue: 20th Anniversary of Ameriflux.
Hao, Y.B., Zhang, H., Biederman, J.A., Li, L., Cui, X., Xue, K., Du, J., and Wang, Y. Seasonal timing regulates extreme drought impacts on CO2 and H2O exchanges over semiarid steppes in Inner Mongolia, China. 2018. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 10.1016/j.agee.2018.06.010