Check back here often for more local event updates from USDA-ARS Pendleton, Oregon.
- Stay tuned for more exciting updates!
[back to top]
First Wednesday Lunchtime Seminar
The next First Wednesday Seminar will be February 1st, 12:05 pm. Come join us!
Tell me more:
Staff at the agricultural research station get together on a monthly basis to talk research findings, issues, ideas, and aspirations. We meet the first Wednesday of every month, from 12:05 to maybe 1pm, in the conference room, 48037 Tubbs Ranch Rd, Adams OR. It is informal, everyone is welcome, and you can leave whenever you need to.
If you would like to receive e-mail correspondence about the First Wednesday Discussions, please e-mail Brenda Carlson (Brenda.Carlson@ars.usda.gov).
[back to top]
Dr. Marlen Eve, National Program Leader (Soil, Air, and Climate Change) from Beltsville, MD, visited the location over 16-17 November and addressed growers, industry officials, and university faculty at the semiannual meeting of the Pendleton Agricultural Research Center Liaison Committee. His stay was long enough to visit field sites where the agronomic and economic performance of dryland cereal-oilseed cropping systems are under investigation.
Judit Barroso presented for the first Wednesday discussion on November 11, 2016. It was attended by 13 ARS and OSU staff and 14 producers/public. She discussed the finding of glyphosate-resistant Russian thistle, and what this means for weed control in fallow.
Dave Robertson, Hydrologic Technician at Columbia Plateau Conservation Research Center, applies potassium-bromide (KBr) to evaluate the differences in soil water budgets, water use efficiency, and potential for N leaching (using bromide as a tracer for water flux and surrogate for determining the worst case N leaching scenario) in winter wheat–fallow systems in the low precipitation zone (≤265 mm/yr) of the inland Pacific Northwest farmed using no-till and minimum tillage technology for 10 years.
Winter canola has germinated and appears healthy going into fall and winter. This research conducted by Dr.’s Kate Reardon and John Williams is investigating the influence of oil seed crops on soil microbiology and hydrology. Winter canola has the potential of increasing the complexity of the two year winter wheat-fallow rotation typically used in this region.
Farm manager Steve Umbarger seeds notill winter canola in preparation for infiltration testing to be conducted over the next two years by Dr. John Williams. Dr. William's study will attempt to quantify potential infiltration increases associated with rotational inclusion of oilseed crops.
The no-till drill cannot reach deeper moisture, so the seed will germinate when more rain arrives. Even though germination is typically later in the fall in our no-till seeding, yields have been slightly better than deep-furrow seeding into minimum tillage fallow. This is partly due to mild winters, which allows later seedings to catch up. A possible advantage to no-till is increased surface residue, which helps the soil store a greater amount of the typically small rainfall events received here.
We seeded in early October this year after some unusual early rains in the Pendleton area. The deep furrow drill shown here was developed in the 1960’s to place seed 6 to 8 inches below the soil surface with 3 to 6 inches of soil covering the seed. This allows germination and emergence of winter wheat before fall rains come and temperatures cool down.
- Dan Long participated in the Forum “Addressing the Challenges and Opportunities of Advancing the Billion Ton Bioeconomy” hosted by the ATIP Foundation and Washington State University. The October 3rd forum garnered input from industry and agency officials on how to implement a multi-year initiative on advancing the bioeconomy by 2020 to effectively utilize the billion toms of biomass expected to be sustainably produced annually.
At our drier research site (Echo, OR), the rains were not enough to germinate wheat at shallow depths. The deep-furrow drill was able to reach down and place the winter wheat seed into moisture preserved through the summer under minimum tillage fallow.
A Yamaha RMAX flight demo was held for officials with the Oregon Department of Agriculture on Sep. 12. Approximately 75 individuals from DOA and the local community also toured OSU and ARS laboratory facilities during the event.
- Dan Long participated in the First National Laboratory/Research Station Coordination Meeting in Golden, CO August 23-24 to connect scientists and engineers in the DOE National Laboratories with their peers at the USDA Regional Biomass Research Centers and USFS Research Stations to learn more about each agency’s research and development program supporting the US Bioeconomy and identify areas and ways to improve coordination and collaboration. Biomass research at the Northwestern Regional Biomass Research Center is coordinated by ARS at Pendleton.
Dave Robertson, Caroline Melle and Ryan Lacey completely a 3-week long data collection of water infiltration rates from a crop rotation study by John Williams and Kate Reardon. The goal of the study is to address whether oilseed cropping increases water infiltration when included in rotation with wheat. For the experiment, twelve-inch metal rings were hammered into the ground to a 1 ft depth and infiltrated with water and blue dye to observe preferential flow paths through root pores.
[back to top]