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Poisonous Plants - Global Research and Solutions (2005)

Edited by: K.E. Panter, T.L. Wierenga, and J.A. Pfister

Published by: CAB International, 2007, 568 pages, ISBN 978-1-84593-273-2


I.  Overview:

  • Toxic plants for livestock in Brazil: economic impact, toxic species, control measures and public health implications, page 2
  • Major poisonous plants of the western United States, page 15
  • Locoweeds of North America: taxonomy and toxicity, page 20

II.  General Case Reports:

  • Evaluation of plant poisoning reports, page 31
  • Comparative studies on the susceptibility of buffalo and cattle to three poisonous plants (Palicourea marcgravii, Palicourea juruana and Arrabidaea bilabiata) in the Amazon region, page 35
  • Xanthoparmelia chlorodhroa intoxication in wapiti (Cervus canadensis), page 40
  • Poisoning by day lily (Hemerocallis sp.; Hemerocallidaceae) in Brazilian cats, page 46
  • Naturally occurring acute selenium toxicosis in sheep, page 50
  • Ornamental plants in southern Brazil with toxic potential for companion animals, page 55
  • Research on lupine-induced 'crooked calf disease' at the Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory: past, present and future, page 58

III.  Liver:

  • Intoxication by the pods of Enterolobium contortisiliquum in goats, page 67
  • Poisonous plants producing acute hepatic disease in Brazilian cattle, page 72
  • Effects of dietary pyrrolizidine (Senecio) alkaloids on plasma and liver vitamin E distribution in broiler chickens, page 77
  • Heterologous expression of a cytochrome P450 from turkey liver that activates aflatoxin B1, page 82
  • The effects of vaccination on riddelliine toxicity in rats, page 89
  • Hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids and their N-oxides in honey and pollen, page 94
  • An overview of pyrrolizidine alkaloid toxicity in livestock: microbial and metabolic perspectives, page 101
  • Acute bovine liver disease: hepatocytotoxicity of Cynosurus echinatus-related Dreschlera biseptata, page 107
  • Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) toxicity in rodents, sheep, goats and horses, page 113
  • The rise and fall of bighead: Tetradymia poisoning of sheep, page 118

IV.  Reproduction:

  • Antifertility activity of Carica papaya in male rats, page 124
  • Ferotoxic effects of locoweed (Astragalus lentiginosus) in pregnant goats, page 130
  • Cross-fostering as a means to study transplacental toxicosis of Ipomoea carnea in rats, page 136
  • Effect of Solanum malacoxylon in goats: a prenatal study, page 141
  • Evaluation of ultrasonographic and biochemical profile of fetal development of intoxicated female goats with Senna occidentalis seeds, page 147
  • Lupine-induced crooked calf disease: Plasma disposition of lupine alkaloids following repeated challenge in cattle that have given birth to affected calves or those that have borne normal calves, page 151
  • Risk factors for lupine-induced crooked calf disorder in east-central Washington state, page 156
  • Pregnancy loss in mares associated with exposure to caterpillars in Kentucky and Australia, page 165

V.  Treatment:

  • Clinical signs and treatment of cattle grazing high molybdenum forage, page 171
  • New applications of yucca and quillaja products in animal nutrition, page 176
  • Cutting for silage may not prevent annual ryegrass toxicity, page 187
  • The pelleting process or treatment with sodium hydroxide do not detoxify the toxins of annual ryegrass toxicity, page 191
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene reduces aflatoxin B1 bioavailability and hepatic adduct formation in turkeys, page 197


  • Poisonous plants affecting the central nervous system (CNS) of cattle in Brazil, page 204
  • Comparative study of bovine cerebellar cortical degenerations caused by different South American Solanum spp., page 209
  • Poisoning by cyanogenic plants in ruminants in the state of Paraiba, northeastern Brazil, page 214
  • Leukoencephalomalacia in mules in northern Brazil, page 219
  • ARGT-related inhibition of GlcNAc-1-P transferase activity in different tissues of sheep and rats, page 225
  • A toxicoproteomic approach to understanding annual ryegrass toxicity, page 230
  • Effects of bodyweight of rats and sheep due to exposure to tunicamycins: implications for annual ryegrass toxicity, page 235
  • Dose response of tunicamycins in sheep following intra-duodenal administration, page 242
  • An assessment of spatial learning and memory in sheep chronically exposed to tunicamycins, page 248
  • Dose-related, differential gene expression in cultured rat hepatocytes exposed to tunicamycins: a model for annual ryegrass toxicity, page 253
  • A case of acute water hemlock (Cicuta maculata) poisoning and death in cattle after ingestion of green seed heads, page 259

VII.  Kidney, GI, Immunology:

  • Toxicity, pathophysiology and pathology in sheep following dosing of the nephrotoxic plant Nolletia gariepina (DC) Mattf., page 266
  • Nephrotoxicity of Easter lily (Lilium longiflorum), page 271
  • Phytate: an anti-nutritive factor in animal diets, page 279
  • Lectin binding pattern in the small intestine of rabbits intoxicated with Solanum glaucophyllum, page 285
  • A preliminary investigation on changes in esophageal diameter and function of sheep recovering from vermeersiekte, page 292
  • Cutleaf nightshade (Solanum triflorium) toxicity in horses and hamsters, page 296
  • Effect of Senna occidentalis seeds in broiler chickens: a preliminary immunotoxicologic study, page 301
  • Chronic canine aflatoxin and management of an epidemic, page 307
  • Toxigenic Fusarium species on annual medic pastures and reduced feed intake by sheep in Western Australia, page 313
  • Evaluation of the possible immunomodulatory effects of Ipomoea carnea, page 318
  • Structural and functional changes in organs and cells of the immune system in Solanum glaucophyllum-intoxicated heifers, page 324

VIII.  Management:

  • Implications of linking herbivore experience, varied diets, and plant biochemical diversity for affecting the ingestion of plants with toxins by herbivores, page 331
  • Fungal endophytes of locoweed: an overview, page 338
  • Effect of fungicide on swainsonine production in white locoweed (Oxytropis sericea), page 345
  • Locoweed research in northeastern New Mexico, page 348
  • Herbicidal control of locoweed, page 353
  • The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in livestock, wildlife and rodents, page 359
  • White locoweed (Oxytropis sericea Nutt.) ingestion by naive stockers: diet preference patterns of natural 'eaters' and 'avoiders', page 366
  • Water deficit effects on Astragalus mollissimus and Oxytropis sericea swainsonine content, physiology, and growth, page 372
  • Rumen function and the ability of goats to consume redberry juniper (Juniperus pinchottii), page 377
  • The use of fecal NIRS to identify levels of consumption of the toxic shrub juniper in a selective breeding program with goats, page 386
  • Body condition affects blood alkaloid and monoterpene kinetics and voluntary intake of chemically defended plants by livestock, page 394
  • Cattle grazing velvet lupine (Lupinus leucophyllus): influence of associated forages, alkaloid levels and population cycles, page 401
  • Effects of experience and lactation on lupine consumption by cattle, page 407
  • Effect of shade on alkaloid content of Lupinus leucophyllus, page 411
  • Year-to-year variation in alkaloid concentration in Lupinus leucophyllus growing on the Scablands of central Washington, page 414
  • Conditioned feed aversion as a means to prevent tulp (Moraea simulans and Moraea pallida) poisoning of cattle under natural grazing conditions, page 420
  • Poisonous range plants on the Fort Hall Reservation in southeastern Idaho, page 423
  • Population cycles of poisonous plants, page 432

IX.  Diagnosis:

  • Recently encountered poisonous plants of Paraiba, northeastern Brazil, page 439
  • Heart failure, abortion and neurological signs in cattle and sheep induced by Ateleia glazioviana and Tetrapterys spp. in Brazil, page 444
  • Grape and raisin (Vitis spp.) toxicosis in dogs, page 448
  • Flixweed (Descurainia sophia): a goitrogenic plant, page 453
  • Evaluation of the acute toxicity of the seeds of Xylopia frutescens Aubl. (Annonaceae), page 459
  • Pheasant's eye (Adonis aestavalis) toxicity in livestock and rodents, page 463

X.  Chemistry:

  • Separation and isolation of teratogenic piperidine enantiomers from Nicotiana and Lupinus species, page 469
  • Heliotropium europaeum alkaloids: a quaternary pyrrolizidine alkaloid approach to ELISA development, page 476
  • The simultaneous characterization of pyrrolizidine alkaloids and their N-oxides from Echium plantagineum using solid phase extraction and LCMS, page 481
  • The influence of pavetamine on gene expression in the rat heart, page 487
  • N-alkylated derivatives of swainsonine, page 492
  • Characterization of a new compound eluting in an ergovaline HPLC assay associated with reproductive problems in dairy cows, page 498

XI.  Mycotoxins:

  • A study of the bioequivalence of corynetoxins and tunicamycins: the effect of these toxins on the viability and morphology of rat hepatocytes in tissue culture, page 504
  • Dermal toxicity of the tropical cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, page 511
  • Experimental reproduction of Aspergillus clavatus tremorgenic neurotoxicosis in a sheep, page 515
  • Ergot toxins and animal disease in Australia, page 519
  • Mycotoxins and abnormal embryonic development, page 525

XII.  Herbal Products:

  • Perspectives on plant toxicology and public health: an update, page 534
  • The framework for evaluating safety of dietary supplements: an overview and potential application to poisonous plant situations, page 546
  • Selected herbal toxicities in dogs and cats, page 554