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Toxic Plants and Other Natural Toxicants (1997)

Edited by: Tam Garland and A. Catherine Barr

Published by: CAB International, 1998, 585 pages, ISBN 0-85199-263-3


I.  Regional and Epidemiological Issues:

  • Recently Encountered Poisonous Plants of Rio Grande do Sul and Uruguay, page 1
  • Tribute to Dr. Wayne Binns (1911-1994), page 6
  • Genesis to Genesis: A Historic Perspective of Plant Toxicology, page 9
  • Poisonous Plant Names, page 13
  • A Tribute to Dr. James W. Dollahite, page 17
  • Locoweed Research to Reduce Poisoning on Western US Rangelands, page 19
  • Use of Native Insect to Deter Grazing and Prevent Poisoning in Livestock, page 23
  • Estimating Lethal Dose of Larkspur for Cattle, page 29
  • Control Technology Selection for Poisonous Plants with the EXSEL Expert System, page 35
  • Management and Edaphic Factors Related with the Incidence of Marsh Ragwort, page 40
  • Management, Environmental and Livestock Interactions Impact on Perennial Ryegrass/Neotyphodium/Livestock Associations, page 45
  • Development of an Immunoassay for Corynetoxins, page 49
  • [14C]Senecionine Production in Senecio vulgaris Root Culture, page 55

II.  Cardiopulmonary System:

  • Hematological Changes in Sheep with Experimentally Produced Acute and Chronic Lupinosis, page 62
  • Atypical Pneumonia Associated with Ryegrass Staggers in Calves, page 69
  • Dissimilatory Metabolism by Ruminal Microbes: Impact on Ruminant Toxicoses, page 73
  • Yew (Taxus spp.) Poisoning in Domestic Animals, page 78
  • Pasture Mediated Acute Bovine Pulmonary Emphysema and Edema in British Columbia, page 81
  • A Study of Persin, the Mammary Cell Necrosis Agent from Avocado (Persea americana), and its Furan Derivative in Lactating Mice, page 86
  • Bioassay-directed Isolation of Active Principle from Lavendula stoechas, page 91
  • Analysis of Gossypol in Whole Cottonseed and Rumen Fluid by HPLC, page 97
  • The Excretion of Minerals from Broilers Fed Tannic Acid, Polyethylene Glycol and Protein, page 101
  • Influence of Tannic Acid on Amino Acid Digestibility in Broilers, page 106
  • Effect of Polyethylene Glycol on the the Chelation of Trace Elements by Tannins, page 111
  • The Use of Copper Boli for Cattle Grazing High-molybdenum Forage, page 115
  • A Newly Discovered Toxic Plant, Stemodia kingii, in Western Australia, page 120
  • Site and Sequence Selectivity of DNA Binding by Divalent Cadmium: Evidence for Inhibition of BPDE-induced DNA Lesions in the Major Groove but Not in the Biologically Relevant Minor Groove, page 125
  • Monitoring of Physiological and Pathological Changes in Turkey Poults Fed Leaves of Potentially Cardiomyotoxic Nerium oleander and Persea americana, page 131
  • Enzootic Geophagia and Hepatitis of Calves and the Possible Role of Manganese Poisoning, page 137
  • The Feeding of Lupin Grain Can Cause Rumen Acidosis and Rumenitis, page 143
  • Effects of Dietary Cottonseed Meal and Cottonseed Oil on Nutrient Digestibility and Rumen Protozoa, page 149
  • Detoxification Potential of a New Species of Ruminal Bacteria that Metabolize Nitrate and Naturally Occurring Nitrotoxins, page 154

III.  Diagnostic/Treatment Issues:

  • Vitamin K1 Therapy of Ferula communis variety brevifolia Toxicosis in Sheep, page 159
  • Development of a Vaccine Against Annual Ryegrass Toxicity, page 165
  • Conditioned Food Aversions to Oxalic Acid in the Food Plants of Sheep and Goats, page 169
  • Fungi Microbiota and Oxalate Formation on Brachiaria brizantha and their Possible Toxic Effects on Calves Kept at Pasture without Supplementation of Calcium and Magnesium, page 174
  • Protective Effects of Cyclodextrins on Tunicaminyluracil Toxicity, page 179
  • Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Detoxification by an Ovine Ruminal Consortium and its Use as a Ruminal Supplement in Cattle, page 185
  • A Comparison of a Nursing Rat Bioassay and an ELISA to Determine the Amount of Phomopsins in Lupin Stubbles, page 191
  • Towards a Commercial Vaccine Against Lupinosis, page 196
  • Long-term Effects of Acute or Chronic Poisoning by Tunicaminyluracil Toxins, page 201
  • Experimental Modification of Larkspur (Delphinium spp.). Toxicity, page 205
  • Treatment and Prevention of Livestock Poisoning: Where to from Here?, page 211
  • Toxicity and Diagnosis of Oleander (Nerium oleander) Poisoning in Livestock, page 215
  • Are there Toxic and Non-toxic Varieties of Eupatorium rugosum Houttuyn?, page 220
  • The Chemical Identification of Plant Toxins in Ingesta and Forage, page 223
  • Conditioned Food Aversion: A Management Tool to Prevent Livestock Poisoning, page 227
  • Development and Validation of a Multiresidue Alkaloid Screen, page 233
  • Tolerance in Cattle to Timber Milkvetch (Astragalus miser var. serotinus) due to Changes in Rumen Microbial Populations, page 239
  • Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy for Rapid Analysis of Toxic Compounds in Larkspurs and Milkvetches, page 243

IV.  Miscellaneous Topics:

  • DNA Alkylation Properties of Dhydromonocrotaline: Sequence Selective N7 Guanine Alkylation and heat and Alkali-resistant Multiple Crosslinks, page 249
  • Acute and Chronic Toxicity Induced by Activated Ptaquiloside in Rats: Comparison of Pathogenesis due to Oral and Intravenous Administrations, page 255
  • Immunotoxic Effects of Selenium in Mammals, page 260
  • In vivo and in vitro Effects of L-Canavanine and L-Canaline, page 267
  • The Isolation of a Hepatotoxic Compound from Eupatorium adenophorum (Spreng) and Some Preliminary Studies on its Mode of Action, page 271
  • Glycosidase Inhibitors in British Plants as Causes of Livestock Disorders, page 276
  • The Immunologic and Toxic Effects of Chronic Locoweed (Astragalus lentiginosus) Intoxication in Cattle, page 285
  • Sawfly (Perreyia flavipes) Larval Poisoning of Cattle, Sheep and Swine, page 291

V.  The Reproductive System and the Embryo:

  • Comparison of the Reproductive Effects of Baptisia australis, Iva annua and Sophora nuttalliana in Rats, page 297
  • Livestock Poisoning by Teratogenic and Hepatotoxic Range Plants, page 303
  • Pine Needle (Pinus ponderosa) and Broom Snakeweed (Gutierrezia spp.) Abortion in Livestock, page 307
  • Comparative Study of Prenatal and Postnatal Monocrotaline Effects in Rats, page 312
  • Embryotoxic Effect of Plumeria rubra, page 317
  • Evaluation of the Toxicity of Solanum malacoxylon During the Prenatal Period, page 323
  • Induction of Mammary Gland Carcinoma, Monocytosis and Type II Pneumonocyte Proliferation by Activated Ptaquiloside, page 329
  • Ingestion of Nitrate-containing Plants as a Possible Risk Factor for Congenital Hypothyroidism in Foals, page 334
  • Diterpene Acid Chemistry of Ponderosa Pine and Implications for Late-term Induced Abortions in Cattle, page 339
  • Toxic and Teratogenic Piperidine Alkaloids from Lupinus, Conium and Nicotiana Species, page 345
  • Toxic Amines and Alkaloids from Texas Acacias, page 351
  • A Urushiol Component Isolated from the Australian Native Cashew (Semecarpus australiensis), page 356

VI.  Public Health and Herbal Medicine Concerns:

  • Plant Toxicology and Public Health: Critical Data Needs and Perspectives on Botanical (Herbal) Medicines, page 359
  • Public Health and Risk Assessment, page 363
  • Perspectives on Plant Toxicology and Public Health, page 367
  • Evaluation of the Occurrence of Algae of the Genus Prototheca in Cheese and Milk from Brazilian Dairy Herds, page 373
  • Shamans and Other Toxicologists: Current Approaches to the Discovery of New Pharmaceuticals in Traditional Herbal Medicines, page 377

VII.  The Musculoskeletal and the Neurological System:

  • Morphologic Studies of Selenosis in Herbivores, page 380
  • Chronic Selenosis in Ruminants, page 389
  • Effects of Paxilline, Lolitrem B and Penitrem on Skeletal and Smooth Muscle Electromyographic Acitivity in Sheep, page 397
  • Tall Larkspur Poisoning in Cattle Grazing Mountain Rangeland, page 402
  • Krimpsiekte, a Paretic Condition of Small Stock Poisoned by Bufadienolide-containing Plants of the Crassulaceae in South Africa, page 407
  • A Toxicity Assessment of Phalaris coerulescens: Isolation of a New Oxindole, page 413
  • Two New Alkaloids of Conium maculatum, and Evidence for a Tautomeric Form for "?"-Coniceine, page 419
  • Probable Interaction between Solanum eleagnifolium and Ivermectin in Horses, page 423
  • Ipomoea carnea: The Cause of a Lysosomal Storage Disease in Goats in Mozambique, page 428
  • Investigation of the Neurotoxic Compounds in Asclepias subverticillata, Western-whorled Milkweed, page 435
  • Isolation of Karwinol A from Coyotillo (Karwinskia humboldtiana) Fruits, page 440
  • The Toxicity of the Australian Cycad Bowenia serrulata to Cattle, page 447
  • Evaluation of the Toxic Effects of the Legumes of Mimosa (Albizia julibrissin) and Identification of the Toxicant, page 453

VIII.  Mycotoxins and Mycotoxicoses:

  • The Development of Lupinosis in Weaner Sheep Grazed on Sandplain Lupins, page 459
  • Mycotoxin Contamination of Australian Pastures and Feedstuffs, page 464
  • Control of the Mycotoxic Hepatogenous Photosensitization, Facial Eczema, in New Zealand, page 469
  • Occurrence of Fusarium moniliforme and Fumonisins in Australian Maize in Relation to Animal Disease, page 474
  • Equine Leukoencephalomalacia in Brazil, page 479
  • Isolation of an Extract of Corallocytostroma ornicopreoides sp. nov., which Causes the Rumenitis Associated with Black Soil Blindness, page 483
  • Corallocytostroma ornicopreoides: A New Fungus Causing a Mycotoxicosis of Cattle Grazing Mitchell Grass Pastures in Australia, page 487
  • Ergotism and Feed Aversion in Poultry, page 493
  • Experimental Black Soil Blindness in Sheep, page 497

IX.  Detoxification, Digestion and Elimination:

  • Transient Hepatotoxicity in Sheep Grazing Kochia scoparia, page 504
  • Calliandra calothyrsus Leaf Extracts Effects on Microbial Growth and Enzyme Activities, page 509
  • Chinaberry (Melia azedarach) Poisoning in Animals, page 514
  • The Purification and Isolation of Two Hepatotoxic Compounds from the Uruguay Sawfly Perreyia flavipes, page 517
  • Toxicity of Monocrotaline (Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid) to the Liver of Chicken Embryos, page 522
  • Experimental Poisoning in Rabbits Fed Senna occidentalis Seeds, page 527
  • Toxicity and Molecular Shape of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids, page 531
  • Molecular Interactions of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids with Critical Cellular Targets, page 537
  • Factors influencing Urinary Excretion of Immunoreactive Sporidesmin Metabolites in Sheep Dosed with Sporidesmin, page 543
  • Disease in Cattle Dosed Orally with Oak or Tannic Acid, page 549
  • Jatropha curcas Toxicity: Identification of Toxic Principle(s), page 554
  • Species Differences in Bioactivation and Detoxification of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids, page 559
  • Bog Asphodel (Narthecium ossifragum) Poisoning in Cattle, page 564
  • Livestock Poisoning by Baccharis coridifolia, page 569
  • Narthecium ossifragum Associated Nephrotoxicity in Ruminants, page 573