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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Food Processing & Products Archived
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Each year, approximately 60 new patents are issued by the U.S. Patent Office for USDA inventions. The Office of Technology Transfer (OTT) transfers these inventions through licenses to the private sector for commercialization. Below are links to the older technologies that are available for licensing. 

Docket

Title

Description

Contact

18.04

USE OF NANOSECOND SCALE, TIME-RESOLVED, IMAGING TO DIFFERENTIATE CONTEMPORANEOUS FLUORESCENCE RESPONSES FROM MULTIPLE SUBSTANCES

Time-dependent differences in fluorescence responses of normal surfaces of the fruit or vegetable as opposed to surfaces which are contaminated with feces, may be used for improved detection of feces-contaminated fruits and vegetables.  In this process, the surface of a fruit or vegetable which contains a native chlorophyll is illuminated with a pulse of UV or visible light having a wavelength effective to elicit fluorescence of feces of a plant consuming animal.

james.poulos@ars.usda.gov

58.07

SIMULTANEOUS ACQUISITION OF FLUORESCENCE AND REFLECTANCE IMAGING TECHNIQUES WITH A SINGLE IMAGING DEVICE FOR MULTITASK INSPECTION

This disclosure describes an invention of an opto-electronics imaging technology and methodology to simultaneously capture line-scan based multispectral combinations of fluorescence and reflectance images of fast-moving objects using a single imaging device.

james.poulos@ars.usda.gov

109.06

GENES ENCODING FATTY ACID DESATURASES FROM SORGHUM BICOLOR

These fatty acid desaturases sequentially catalyze the formation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, starting from the precursor palmitoleic acid to yield a unique hexadecatrienoic acid, possessing an unusual terminal double bond.

thomas.valco@ars.usda.gov   joseph.lipovsky@ars.usda.gov

145.06

TWO NOVEL ALKYLERESORCINOL SYTHASE GENE FROM SORGHUM; CLONING, EXPRESSION, TRANSFORMATION AND CHARACTERIZATION

Two cDNA clones, designated SbLRS1 and SbLRS2, coding for polyketide synthases were isolated from sorghum. These polyketide synthases catalyze the formation of phenolic lipids, utilizing fatty acyl-CoA precursors plus malonyl-CoA.

thomas.valco@ars.usda.gov   joseph.lipovsky@ars.usda.gov

20.04

A NOVEL O-METHYLTRANSFERASE GENE FROM SORGHUM CLONING, EXPRESSION, TRANSFORMATION AND CHARACTERIZATION

A novel O-methyltransferase gene was isolated from Sorghum bicolor and the recombinant enzyme was shown in vitro to use resveratrol as a substrate and produce pterostilbene.  This metabolite is also beneficial to human health by acting as a strong antioxidant (Martinez and Moreno, 2000; Stivala et al., 2001) and by having cancer chemopreventive properties (Jang et al., 1997).

thomas.valco@ars.usda.gov   joseph.lipovsky@ars.usda.gov

57.06 + 209.02

MODIFIED ALTERNAN

Four new Penicillium spp. isolates (NRRL 21996, NRRL 21967, NRRL 21968 and NRRL 21969) are capable of essentially quantitative conversion of native alternan to a polymeric modified form having a lower apparent molecular weight than native alternan.  It would have utility as a substitute for gum arabic for uses such as bulking agents and extenders in foods and cosmetics. 209.02Four new Penicillium spp. isolates (NRRL 21966, NRRL 21967, NRRL 21968, and NRRL 21969) are capable of essentially quantitative conversion of native alternan to a polymeric modified form having a lower apparent molecular weight than native alternan.  A fifth isolate (NRRL 30489) obtained from a survey of deposited organisms and classified as a Penicillium subgenus Biverticillium has the same ability.

renee.wagner@ars.usda.gov

53.11

METHOD FOR DETECTING AND DISTINGUISHING INFECTIOUS NOROVIRUS FROM INACTIVATED NOROVIRUS

The USDA has discovered that inactivation processes that damage the virus capsid generally results in norovirus that can't attach to its receptor (as judged by inability to interact with swine mucin).  Thus using swine mucine, it is possible to distinguish between infectious norovirus and inactivated norovirus; using swine mucin magnetic beads, it is possible to extract only potentially infectious norovirus leaving behind inactivated virus.  By marrying this virus extraction method to RT-PCR detection techniques, ARS has made a practical assay for detection of infectious norovirus. 

james.poulos@ars.usda.gov

167.07

METHODS OF SEPARATING OIL FROM OIL-CONTAINING SEEDS

Nitrogen is pumped through a fritted disk at the bottom of a column containing an aqueous dispersion of finely milled germ. Foam containing 10% oil and surfactant protein overflowed through an outlet and is collected.

james.poulos@ars.usda.gov

86.10

DETECTION OF AFLATOXINS AND AFLATOXIGENIC ASPERGILLI IN NATURAL FUNGAL BOUQUETS

The invention reports the ability to detect the unique volatile organic compound (VOC) emission output of aflatoxigenic aspergilli while in a natural fungal bouquet commonly found on almonds that have undergone standard processing and is ready for storage and/or shipping.

 david.nicholson@ars.usda.gov

90.10

A DEVICE FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF GLUTEN QUALITY IN WHEAT MEALS AND FLOURS

The invention is an electronic device for measuring gluten quality in cereals, specifically wheat grain.

 david.nicholson@ars.usda.gov

24.07

FURANOCOUMARIN REMOVAL FROM GRAPEFRUIT JUICE BY EDIBLE FUNGAL HYPHAE

The invention involves the use of fungal tissue for the removal of highly lipophilic furanocoumarins from grapefruit juice. This invention involves the nearly quantitative binding/adsorption of the grapefruit furanocoumarins to heat-killed (autoclaved) fungal hyphae.

thomas.valco@ars.usda.gov   joseph.lipovsky@ars.usda.gov

120.11

SINGLE-CAMERA MULTI-MIRROR IMAGING METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR WHOLE-SURFACE INSPECTION OF ROTATING OBJECTS

A device and method for automated whole-surface imaging and inspection of round-shaped objects such as fruits or vegetables.  The device is a single-camera multi-mirror imaging inspection system to detect surface defects and selected contamination on the outer surface of objects by rotation of the object either in place or while traveling on a processing line.

james.poulos@ars.usda.gov

95.13

LINE-SCAN RAMAN IMAGING METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SAMPLE EVALUATION

A line-scan-based hyperspectral Raman chemical imaging system that can be used to inspect bulk powder foods for contaminant detection and ingredient authentication.

james.poulos@ars.usda.gov

33.11

METHODS FOR ROTATING ROUND OBJECTS FOR WHOLE-SURFACE LINE-SCAN IMAGING

This invention addresses the implementation of automated whole-surface imaging of round-shaped fruits without pause or interruption to the objects' travel on a continuously moving processing line.

james.poulos@ars.usda.gov

18.06

FRUIT BIN FILLER AND ACCUMULATING MECHANISM

The invention features a unique system for receiving fruit, randomly distributed from a feed conveyor, accumulating the fruit in a uniform mass, and then carefully placing it in a bin. Placement of fruit into a bulk container without damage or with minimal damage is a critical function on picking aids, mechanical harvesters, and especially in packing sheds.  The fruit industry does not have a commercial "dry" bin filler that does not inflict damage to fruit during filling.

james.poulos@ars.usda.gov

146.06

SORTING OF AGRICULTURAL PROCESS STREAMS

The invention relates to an apparatus for automated sorting of objects comprising a population, and for methods of sorting using same.

 david.nicholson@ars.usda.gov

104.07

PORTABLE MULTISPECTRAL IMAGING SYSTEMS

Our invention is a two-band spectral imaging system that acquires images of two spectral bands simultaneously.  To measure spectral response of the objects in a form of bundle of images, often called multi- or hyper-spectral imaging, is useful tool to identify the presence of specific substance and is widely used in agricultural industry such as food inspection and remote sensing.

thomas.valco@ars.usda.gov   joseph.lipovsky@ars.usda.gov


Last Modified: 9/8/2016
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