Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Pearl Millet Diseases

Table 4. Fungi isolated from pearl millet seed


Seed sourceFungal isolateRecognized pathogen?Reference

IndiaAlternaria longissimaNoMathur et al. 1973
Botrytis cinereaNo
Chaetomium globosumNo
Curvularia oryzaePossible
Curvularia pallescensPossible
Curvularia pennisetiYes
Curvularia siddiquiiPossible
Drechslera hawaiiensePossible
Drechslera longirostrataPossible
Drechslera maydisPossible
Drechslera rostrata (=Exserohilum rostratum)Yes
Drechslera tetrameraYes
Epicoccum purpurascensNo
Fusarium equisetiNo
Fusarium fusarioidesNo
Fusarium moniliformeYes
Fusarium semitectumNo
Phaeotrichoconis crotalariaeNo
Phoma spp.Possible
Trichoconis padwickiiNo

India (?)

Alternaria alternata

Possible

Konde et al. 1980
Aspergillus nidulansNo
Aspergillus ochraceusNo
Aspergillus terreusPossible
Chaetomium brasilienseNo
Cladosporium oxysporumNo
Curvularia lunataPossible
Drechslera australiensisPossible
Fusarium moniliformeYes
Fusarium solaniPossible
Periconia saraswatipunsisNo
Penicillium cyclopiumNo
Phoma herbarumNo
Rhizoctonia bataticolaPossible
Syncephalastum racemosumNo

India

Drechslera setariae (=Bipolaris setariae)

Yes

Shetty et al. 1982

India (?)

Aspergillus flavus

No

Girisham et al. 1985
Aspergillus nidulansNo
Aspergillus ochraceusNo
Aspergillus terreusNo
Fusarium moniliformeYes
Fusarium oxysporumNo
Fusarium semitectumNo
Fusarium solaniNo
Penicillium citrinumNo
Myrothecium roridumYes
Stachybotrys atraNo
Trichothecium roseumNo

India

Absidia spp.

No

Mishra and Daradhiyar 1991
Alternaria alternataPossible
Aspergillus candidusNo
Aspergillus clavatusNo
Aspergillus flavusNo
Aspergillus luchuensisNo
Aspergillus nigerNo
Aspergillus sulphereusNo
Aspergillus sydowiNo
Chaetomium globosumNo
Cunninghamella spp.No
Curvularia geniculataPossible
Curvularia pallescensPossible
Fusarium moniliformeYes
Fusarium spp.No
Geotrichum spp.No
Helminthosporium spp.Possible
Penicillium spp.No
Rhizopus spp.Possible
Sepedonium spp.No
Tubercularia spp.No
Mycelia steriliaNo

India

Bipolaris sacchari

Yes

Ahmed and Reddy 1993
Bipolaris setariaeYes
Claviceps fusiformisYes
Curvularia pennisetiYes
Pyricularia pennisetiYes
Sclerospora graminicolaYes
Tolyposporium penicillariaeYes

India

Alternaria tenuis

No

Ingle and Raut 1994
Curvularia lunataYes
Drechslera sacchari (=Bipolaris sacchari)Yes
Exserohilum halodesPossible
Fusarium moniliformeYes
Phoma spp.Possible

Lesotho

Fusarium equiseti

No

Onyike et al. 1991

Namibia

Fusarium nygamai

No

Marasas et al. 1988

Nigeria

Fusarium moniliforme

Yes

Onesirosam 1975

Nigeria

Fusarium chlamydosporum

No

Onyike et al. 1991
Fusarium equisetiNo
Fusarium moniliformeYes
Fusarium napiformeNo
Fusarium nygamaiNo
Fusarium semitectumNo
Fusarium subglutinansNo

USA

Curvularia lunata

Possible

Luttrell 1954
Fusarium spp.Possible
Helminthosporium rostratum (=Exserohilum rostratum)Yes
Helminthosporium stenospilum (=Bipolaris stenospilum)Possible
Oidium tenellumNo

USA

Alternaria spp.

No

Luttrell et al. 1955
Aspergillus spp.No
Curvularia spp.Possible
Fusarium spp.Possible
Helminthosporium stenospilum (=Bipolaris stenospilum)Possible
Penicillium spp.No
Pythium spp.Possible
Rhizopus spp.Possible
Trichoderma spp.No
Verticillium spp.No

USA

Alternaria spp.

No

Wells and Winstead 1965
Curvularia spp.Possible
Fusarium moniliformeYes
Fusarium spp.No
Helminthosporium rostratum (=Exserohilum rostratum)Yes
Helminthosporium setariae (=Bipolaris setariae)Yes

USA

Alternaria spp.

No

Wilson et al. 1993
Aspergillus flavusNo
Bipolaris setariaeYes
Cladosporium spp.No
Curvularia spp.Possible
Drechslera dematioideaYes
Epicoccum spp.No
Exserohilum rostratumYes
Fusarium chlamydosporumNo
Fusarium equisetiNo
Fusarium moniliformeYes
Fusarium semitectumNo
Fusarium, miscellaneous spp.No
Gloeocercospora sorghiYes
"Helminthosporium" spp.Possible
Penicillium spp.No
Phyllosticta penicillariaeYes

Zimbabwe

Fusarium chlamydosporum

No

Onyike et al. 1991
Fusarium equisetiNo
Fusarium moniliformeYes
Fusarium napiformeNo
Fusarium nygamaiNo
Fusarium oxysporumNo
Fusarium semitectumNo

United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

The material on this page is in the public domain.

Original posting: June 5, 1999.

Last Modified: 8/13/2016
Footer Content Back to Top of Page