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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Pearl Millet Diseases

Table 2. Host ranges and geographic distributions of Bipolaris species pathogenic to Pennisetum species*


SpeciesHost rangeGeographic distribution

B. australiensisChloris, Cymbopogon, Cynodon, Hordeum, Oryza, Pennisetum, Saccharum, Sorghum, ZeaAustralia, Egypt, India, Iraq, Japan, Kenya, Libya, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Zimbabwe
B. bicolorAndropogon, Apluda, Brachiaria, Cymbopogon, Eleusine, Eragrostis,Melanocenchris, Oryza, Panicum,Paspalum, Pennisetum, Setaria,Sorghum, Triticum, Urochloa,Zea, ZizaniaAustralia, Brazil, Canada, East & West Africa, Ethiopia, India, Ivory Coast, Malaysia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Yugoslavia, USA, Zimbabwe
B. cynodontisAgropyron, Axonopus,Cynodon, Dactyloctenium, Hordeum, Oryza, Panicum, Pennisetum, Triticum, ZeaAustralia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Egypt, Ghana, Guinea, India, Israel, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Spain, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Trinidad, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, USA, former USSR, Zimbabwe
B. hawaiiensisAndropogon, Avena, Cenchrus, Chloris, Cynodon, Desmostachya, Digitaria, Eleusine, Hordeum, Oryza, Pennisetum, Saccharum, Setaria, Sorghum, Triticum, ZeaAustralia, Burma, Cuba, Ethiopia, Egypt, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, USA (Hawaii), Zambia
B. nodulosaDigitaria, Eleusine, Eragrostis, PennisetumAustralia, Brazil, Brunei, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Malawi, Mauritius, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Uganda, USA, Zambia, Zimbabwe
B. setariaeEchinochloa, Eleusine, Eragrostis, Panicum, Pennisetum, SetariaAustralia, Europe, North America, Ethiopia, India, Sierra Leone, Taiwan, Uganda, Venezuela
B. spiciferaAgrostis, Avena, Cymbopogon, Cynodon, Dactylis, Desmostachya, Eleusine, Holcus, Hordeum, Oryza,Panicum, Pennisetum, Phleum, Poa, Saccharum, Sorghum, Triticum, ZeaAfrica, America, Asia, Australia & Oceania, West Indies
B. colocasiaeCymbopogon, Colocasia, Pennisetum, Triticum/HordeumIndia
B. indicaPanicum, Pennisetum, PortulacaAustralia, China, Egypt, India, South Africa
B. mediocrisPennisetumEthiopia, Guinea, South Africa
B. papendorfiiPennisetum, Setaria, Sorghum, TriticumAustralia, Egypt, India, Malawi, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Sudan, Zimbabwe
B. sacchariCynodon, Panicum, Pennisetum, SaccharumAfrica, America, Asia, Australasia and Oceania, Europe (Italy)
B. urochloaePanicum, Pennisetum, Triticum, Urochloa, ZeaAustralia, Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, South Africa, West Germany, Zimbabwe
B. zeaeAlloteropsis, Cenchrus, Imperata, Pennisetum, Triticum, ZeaAustralia, Brazil, India

* Information derived from Sivanesan (1987); used with permission of CAB International. Not all Pennisetum hosts are P. glaucum.

† Known to have a Cochliobolus teleomorph.


United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

The material on this page is in the public domain.

Original posting: June 5, 1999.

Last Modified: 8/13/2016
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