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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Pearl Millet Diseases

Table 1. A quick reference to the infectious diseases of pearl millet


DiseasePathogenAttributes*


Bacterial diseases
Bacterial leaf streakXanthomonas campestris (Pammel) Dowson pv. pennamericanum
Bacterial leaf stripePseudomonas avenae Manns1
Bacterial spotPseudomonas syringae van Hall1, 2
Unnamed bacterial diseasePantoea agglomerans (Ewing & Fife)

Fungal diseases
Bipolaris leaf spotBipolaris setariae (Saw.) Shoem1, 2
Cercospora leaf spotCercospora penniseti (Chupp)2
Curvularia leaf spotCurvularia penniseti (Mitra) Boedijn1, 2
Dactuliophora leaf spotDactuliophora elongata Leakey
Downy mildewSclerospora graminicola (Sacc.) Schroet.
Plasmopara penniseti Kenneth & Kranz.
Drechslera leaf spotDrechslera dematioidea (Bubak & Wroblewski) Subram. & Jain1, 2
ErgotClaviceps fusiformis Loveless
Claviceps africana Frederickson, Mantle & de Milliano
1
1
Exserohilum leaf blightExserohilum rostratum (Drechs.) K.J. Leonard & E.G. Suggs1, 2
False mildewBeniowskia sphaeroidea (Kalchbr. & Cke.) Mason
Head moldVarious fungi1, 2
Myrothecium leaf spotMyrothecium roridum Tode ex Fr.1
Phyllachora leaf spotPhyllachora penniseti Syd.
Phyllosticta leaf blightPhyllosticta penicillariae Speg.1, 2
Pyricularia leaf spotPyricularia grisea (Cke.) Sacc1, 2
Rhizoctonia blightRhizoctonia solani Kühn
Rhizoctonia zeae Voorhees
2
2
RustPuccinia substriata Ell. & Barth. var. indica Ramachar & Cumm.2
Seedling blightVarious fungi1, 2
SmutMoesziomyces penicillariae (Bref.) Vanky1, 2
Southern blightSclerotium rolfsii Sacc.2
Top rotFusarium moniliforme Sheldon1, 2
Zonate leaf spotGloeocercospora sorghi Bain & Edgerton1, 2

Viral diseases
Black-streaked dwarf virus
Guineagrass mosaic virus
Indian peanut clump virus1
Maize dwarf mosaic virus
Maize streak virus
Panicum mosaic virus2
Satellite panicum mosaic virus2
Wheat streak mosaic virus2

Nematode diseases
Burrowing nematodeRadopholos similis (Cobb) Thorne
Cyst nematodeHeterodera gambiensis Merny & Netscher
Dagger nematodeXiphinema americanum Cobb2
Lance nematodeHoplolaimus indicus Sher
Panagrolaimus nematodePanagrolaimus spp.1
Ring nematodeCriconemella ornata (Raski) Luc & Raski2
Root-knot nematodeMeloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood
Meloidogyne javonica (Treub.) Chitwood
Meloidogyne arenaria (Neal) Chitwood
2
2
2
Root-lesion nematodePratylenchus mulchandi Nandakumar & Khera
Pratylenchus brachyurus (Godfrey) Filipjev & Sch. Stekh.
Pratylenchus zeae Graham
2
2
2
Sting nematodeBelonolaimus longicaudatus Rau2
Stubby-root nematodeParatrichodorus minor (Colbran) Siddiqi2
Stunt nematodeTylenchorhynchus vulgaris Upadhyay
Tylenchorhynchus phaseoli Sethi & Swarup
Tylenchorhynchus zeae Sethi & Swarup

Parasitic flowering plants
WitchweedStriga hermonthica Benth.
Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze

* 1, potentially seedborne; 2, endemic to United States on pearl millet.

United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

The material on this page is in the public domain.

Original posting: June 5, 1999.

Last Modified: 8/13/2016
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