Symptoms: The panicle and immature leaves often remain in the whorl, where they become rotted and covered with a mass of white mycelium. Nodes will frequently be discolored.
Pathogen and disease characteristics: Microconidia are abundant, primarily single celled, and formed in long chains and in false heads (Nelson et al. 1983).
Host range: Numerous Gramineae. "Top rot" symptoms can occur on pearl millet, sugarcane, and sorghum.
Geographic distribution: On pearl millet, only the United States and India. On sugarcane, Australia, India, continental United States, Hawaii (Ramakrishnan 1941).
Nomenclature discrepancies:Alternative disease names: Twisted top, pokkah boeng, pokkah bong (name for disease on sugarcane).
Seed transmission:F. moniliforme is frequently isolated from seed (see table 4).
Primary citation:Wells 1956.
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Original posting: June 5, 1999.