Symptoms: Pink, white, brown, or grey fungal growth on grain. Apparently asymptomatic seed may be contaminated.
Pathogen and disease characteristics: Many pathogens cause preharvest grain molds. Grain molds on pearl millet tend to be more severe with humid conditions during grain fill (Wilson et al. 1993,Ingle and Raut 1994) and if grain harvest is delayed (Wilson et al. 1995). Several fungi cause grain molds, and these differ by the region of cultivation, crop management, environmental conditions prior to harvest, and storage conditions.
Host range: See information in this text for specific pathogens listed in table 4.
Geographic distribution: See information in this text for specific pathogens listed in table 4.
Nomenclature discrepancies: See information in this text for specific pathogens listed in table 4.
Seed transmission: These fungi are seedborne by definition. Not all are pathogenic to seedlings.
Primary citations: See table 4.
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Original posting: June 5, 1999.