Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service


Additional Reading

Anderson, R.V., and J.R. Byers. 1975. Ultrastructure of the esophageal procorpus in the plant parasitic nematode, Tylenchorhynchus dubius, and functional aspects in relation to feeding. Canadian Journal of Zoology 53:1581–1595.

Aumann, J., W.M. Robertson, and U. Wyss. 1991. Lectin binding to cuticle exudates of sedentary Heterodera schachtii (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) second stage juveniles. Revue de Nématologie 14:113–118.

Bird, A.F. 1984. Growth and moulting in nematodes: Moulting and development of the hatched larva of Rotylenchulus reniformis. Parasitology 89:107–119.

Bird, A.F., and J. Bird. 1991. The structure of nematodes, 2d ed. Academic Press, New York.

Bird, A.F., and G.E. Rogers. 1965. Ultrastructure of the cuticle and its formation in Meloidogyne javanica. Nematologica 11:224–230.

Chapman, R.F. 1971. The insects: Structure and function, 2d ed. Elsevier, New York.

Chen, T.A., and G.Y. Wen. 1972. Ultrastructure of the feeding apparatus of Pratylenchus penetrans. Journal of Nematology 4:155–161.

Coomans, A. 1962. Morphological observations on Rotylenchus goodeyi Loof and Oostenbrink, 1958. II. Detailed morphology. Nematologica 7:242–250.

Coomans, A. 1963. Stoma structure in members of the Dorylaimina. Nematologica 9:587–601.

Davey, K.G., and S.P. Kan. 1968. Molting in a parasitic nematode, Phocanema decipiens. IV. Ecdysis and its control. Canadian Journal of Zoology 46:893–898.

De Grisse, A., S. Natasasmita, and M. B'Chir. 1979. L'ultrastructure des nerfs de la region cephalique chez Aphlenchoides fragariae (Nematoda: Tylenchida). Revue de Nématologie 2:123–141.

Doncaster, C.C. 1966. Nematode feeding mechanisms. 2. Observations on Ditylenchus destructor and D. myceliophagus feeding on Botrytis cinerea. Nematologica 12:417–427.

Dropkin, V.H. 1969. Cellular responses of plants to nematode infections. Annual Review of Phytopathology 7:101–122.

Esau, K. 1953. Plant anatomy. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Forrest, J.M.S., W.M. Robertson, and E.W. Milne. 1989. Observations on the cuticle surface of second stage juveniles of Globodera rostochiensis and Meloidogyne incognita. Revue de Nématologie 12:337–341.

Grootaert, P., and A. Coomans. 1980. The formation of the anterior feeding apparatus in dorylaims. Nematologica 26:406–431.

Hirschmann, H. 1959. Histological studies on the anterior region of Heterodera glycines and Hoplolaimus tylenchiformis (Nematoda, Tylenchida). Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 26:73–90.

Hussey, R.S., and C.W. Mims. 1990. Ultrastructure of esophageal glands and their secretory granules in the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Protoplasma 156:9–18.

Jones, M.G.K., and V.H. Dropkin. 1975. Scanning electron microscopy of syncytial transfer cells induced in roots by cyst-nematode. Physiological Plant Pathology 7:259–263.

Mapes, C.J. 1965. Structure and function in the nematode pharynx. II. Pumping in Panagrellus, Aplectana, and Rhabditis. Parasitology 55:583–594.

Müller, J., and U. Wyss. 1981. Entwicklung des Zystennematoden Heterodera schachtii. Institut für den Wissenschaftlichen Film, Film C1387. Göttingen, West Germany.

Nakasono, K. 1973. Studies on post-embryonic development of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira (Nematoda: Rotylenchulidae) 1. Morphological changes of the molting larvae of a parthenogenetic population. Applied Entomology and Zoology 8:83–96.

Natasasmita, S., and A. De Grisse. 1978. The supplementary nerves in the head region of Tylenchulus semipenetrans (Nematoda: Tylenchulidae). Mededelingen Fakulteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent 43:769–777.

Nelson, F.K., P.S. Albert, and D.L. Riddle. 1983. Fine structure of the Caenorhabditis elegans secretory-excretory system. Journal of Ultrastructure Research 82:156–171.

Seymour, M.K., and A.M. Shepherd. 1974. Cell junctions acting as intestinal valves in nematodes. Journal of Zoology 173:517–523.

Shepherd, A.M., and S.A. Clark. 1983. A re-examination of oesophageal ultrastructure in Ditylenchus dipsaci (Nematoda, Tylenchida) with some observations on intestinal structure. Nematologica 29:151–170.

Spurr, A.R. 1969. A low-viscosity epoxy resin embedding medium for electron microscopy. Journal of Ultrastructure Research 26:31–43.

Wen, G.Y., and T.A. Chen. 1972. Ultrastructure of the feeding apparatus of Criconemoides curvatum. Phytopathology 62:501.

Wright, K.A., and R.N. Perry. 1991. Moulting of Aphelenchoides hamatus, with especial reference to formation of the stomatostyle. Revue de Nématologie 14:497–504.

Go to References

Back to Contents

Last Modified: 8/13/2016
Footer Content Back to Top of Page