Whatis aScience Project? ...
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The idea behind a science project is to see what happens if . . . What happens to one thing if you change something else while you keep all of the other conditions the same?
That's the heart of all research, and a science project is just another name for research.
The idea behind a science project is to learn something new—through an experiment. You might guess the result beforehand, but you won't know for sure what will happen until you try out the experiment.
While your science project may be simpler than a scientist's, it should still follow the same basic steps that make up the scientific process.