|As a result of public concern over environmental quality, Congress appropriated new funds for research. This resulted in: |
|Development of the first computerized near-infrared spectrophotometer, which leads to today's $50- to $100-million-a-year industry. This noninvasive technique is used to measure traits like protein, oil, starch and moisture in grain and oilseed; hollow heart in potatoes, water core of apples; fat concentration of milk; and many other uses without destroying the sample. |
Microbial methods are developed for determining the amino acid content of protein and determining the nutritive value.
|Identified and characterized phytochrome, the chemical that regulates all aspects of plant growth through the absorption of red light, from germination to flowering to fruiting. This chemical is responsible for photoperoidism discovered in 1919. |
548 acres transferred in 1961 to NASA for the construction of Goddard Space Flight Center.
209 acres transferred in 1962 to Food and Drug Administration.
|Research on contagious and foreign livestock diseases is transferred to Plum Island, NY and the National Animal Disease Center in Ames, IA. |
About 4,800 people work at Beltsville in 1962. 25% of all USDA research scientists work at Beltsville.
National Agricultural Library constructed in 1967.