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1 - First Aid Basics
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In order to administer effective first aid, it is important to maintain adequate supplies in each first aid kit. (See Figure 9.) First aid kits can be purchased commercially already stocked with the necessary supplies, or one can be made by including the following items:

  • Adhesive bandages: available in a large range of sizes for minor cuts, abrasions and puncture wounds

  • Butterfly closures: these hold wound edges firmly together.

  • Rolled gauze: these allow freedom of movement and are recommended for securing the dressing and/or pads. These are especially good for hard-to-bandage wounds.

  • Nonstick Sterile Pads: these are soft, super absorbent pads that provide a good environment for wound healing. These are recommended for bleeding and draining wounds, burns, infections.

  • First Aid Tapes: Various types of tapes should be included in each kit. These include adhesive, which is waterproof and extra strong for times when rigid strapping is needed; clear, which stretches with the body's movement, good for visible wounds; cloth, recommended for most first aid taping needs, including taping heavy dressings (less irritating than adhesive); paper, which is recommended for sensitive skin and is used for light and frequently changed dressings.

Items that also can be included in each kit are tweezers, first aid cream, thermometer, an analgesic or equivalent, and an ice pack.


As with getting medical attention for all injuries, it is equally important that you report all injuries to your supervisor.  It is critical that the employer check into the causes of every job-related injury, regardless how minor, to find out exactly how it happened. There may be unsafe procedures or unsafe equipment that should be corrected.

Disclaimer and Reproduction Information: Information in NASD does not represent NIOSH policy. Information included in NASD appears by permission of the author and/or copyright holder.

NASD Review: 04/2002

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