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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Urban's Publications
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Journal Articles and Book Chapters:




Shea-Donohue T, Notari L, Stiltz J, Sun R, Madden KB, Urban JF Jr, Zhao A. 2010.

Role of enteric nerves in immune-mediated changes in protease-activated receptor 2 effects on gut function.Neurogastroenterol Motil. Oct;22(10):1138-e291. Epub 2010 Jul 11.


Yagi R, Junttila IS, Wei G, Urban JF Jr, Zhao K, Paul WE, Zhu J.  2010. The transcription factor GATA3 actively represses RUNX3 protein-regulated production of interferon-gamma.Immunity. Apr 23;32(4):507-517. Epub 2010 Apr 15.


Liu Q, Kreider T, Bowdridge S, Liu Z, Song Y, Gaydo AG, Urban JF Jr, Gause WC.

2010. B cells have distinct roles in host protection against different nematode parasites.J Immunol. May 1;184(9):5213-5223. Epub 2010 Mar 31.


Saenz SA, Siracusa MC, Perrigoue JG, Spencer SP, Urban JF Jr, Tocker JE, Budelsky AL, Kleinschek MA, Kastelein RA, Kambayashi T, Bhandoola A, Artis D. 2010.

IL25 elicits a multipotent progenitor cell population that promotes T(H)2 cytokine responses.Nature. Apr 29;464(7293):1362-1366. Epub 2010 Mar 3.


Noland GS, Chowdhury DR, Urban JF Jr, Zavala F, Kumar N. 2010. Helminth infection impairs the immunogenicity of a Plasmodium falciparum DNA vaccine, but not irradiated sporozoites, in mice.Vaccine. Apr 9;28(17):2917-2923. Epub 2010 Feb 25.


 Morales-Tirado V, Sojka DK, Katzman SD, Lazarski CA, Finkelman FD, Urban JF, Fowell DJ. 2010. Critical requirement for the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein in Th2 effector function.Blood. Apr 29;115(17):3498-3507. Epub 2009 Dec 23.




Hill DE, Forbes L, Zarlenga DS, Urban JF Jr, Gajadhar AA, Gamble HR. 2009.

Survival of North American genotypes of Trichinella in frozen pork.

J Food Prot. Dec;72(12):2565-2570.


Herbert DR, Yang JQ, Hogan SP, Groschwitz K, Khodoun M, Munitz A, Orekov T, Perkins C, Wang Q, Brombacher F, Urban JF Jr, Rothenberg ME, Finkelman FD. 2009. Intestinal epithelial cell secretion of RELM-beta protects against gastrointestinal worm infection.J Exp Med. Dec 21;206(13):2947-2957. Epub 2009 Dec 7.


Yasuda K, Dawson HD, Wasmuth EV, Roneker CA, Chen C, Urban JF, Welch RM, Miller DD, Lei XG. 2009. Supplemental dietary inulin influences expression of iron and inflammation related genes in young pigs.J Nutr. Nov;139(11):2018-2023. Epub 2009 Sep 23.


Morimoto M, Zhao A, Sun R, Stiltz J, Madden KB, Mentink-Kane M, Ramalingam T, Wynn TA, Urban JF Jr, Shea-Donohue T. 2009. IL-13 receptor alpha2 regulates the immune and functional response to Nippostrongylus brasiliensis infection.

J Immunol. Aug 1;183(3):1934-1939. Epub 2009 Jul 8.


Ince MN, Elliott DE, Setiawan T, Metwali A, Blum A, Chen HL, Urban JF, Flavell RA, Weinstock JV. 2009. Role of T cell TGF-beta signaling in intestinal cytokine responses and helminthic immune modulation.Eur J Immunol. Jul;39(7):1870-1878.


Steenhard NR, Jungersen G, Kokotovic B, Beshah E, Dawson HD, Urban JF Jr, Roepstorff A, Thamsborg SM. 2009. Ascaris suum infection negatively affects the response to a Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccination and subsequent challenge infection in pigs.Vaccine. 2009 Aug 13;27(37):5161-5169. Epub 2009 Jun 12.


Pesce JT, Ramalingam TR, Wilson MS, Mentink-Kane MM, Thompson RW, Cheever AW, Urban JF Jr, Wynn TA. 2009. Retnla (relmalpha/fizz1) suppresses helminth-induced Th2-type immunity.PLoS Pathog. Apr;5(4):e1000393. Epub 2009 Apr 17.


Patel N, Kreider T, Urban JF Jr, Gause WC. Characterisation of effector mechanisms at the host:parasite interface during the immune response to tissue-dwelling intestinal nematode parasites. Int J Parasitol. 2009 Jan;39(1):13-21.


Dawson, H.D., Solano-Aguilar, G., Beal, M.E., Beshah, E., Vangmalla, V.R., Jones, E., Botero, S., Urban, J.F., Jr.  2009. Localized Th1-, Th-2, and inflammation-associated hepatic and pulmonary immune responses in Ascaris-infected swine are increased by retinoic acid. Infect Immun. Jun;77(6):2576-87. Epub 2009 Mar 30.





Ramalingam TR, Pesce JT, Sheikh F, Cheever AW, Mentink-Kane M, Wilson MS, Stevens S, Valenzuela DM, Murphy AJ, Yancopoulos GD, Urban Jr JF, Donnelly RP, Wynn TA. 2008. Unique functions of the type II interleukin 4 receptor identified in mice lacking the interleukin 13 receptor a1 chain. Nat Immunol. 2008 Jan;9 (1):25-33.


Elliott DE, Metwali A, Leung J, Setiawan T, Blum AM, Ince MN, Bazzone LE, Stadecker MJ, Urban JF Jr, Weinstock JV. Colonization with Heligmosomoides polygyrus suppresses mucosal IL-17 production. J Immunol. 2008 Aug 15;181(4):2414-9.


Cao H, Urban JF Jr, Anderson RA. Insulin increases tristetraprolin and decreases VEGF gene expression in mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Jun;16(6):1208-18


Noland GS, Urban JF Jr, Fried B, Kumar N. Counter-regulatory anti-parasite cytokine responses during concurrent Plasmodium yoelii and intestinal helminth infections in mice. Exp Parasitol. 2008 Jun;119(2):272-8.


Siracusa MC, Reece JJ, Urban JF Jr, Scott AL. Dynamics of lung macrophage activation in response to helminth infection.  J Leukoc Biol. 2008 Dec;84(6):1422-33.


Bazzone LE, Smith PM, Rutitzky LI, Shainheit MG, Urban JF, Setiawan T, Blum AM, Weinstock JV, Stadecker MJ. Coinfection with the intestinal nematode Heligmosomoides polygyrus markedly reduces hepatic egg-induced immunopathology and proinflammatory cytokines in mouse models of severe schistosomiasis. Infect Immun. 2008 Nov;76(11):5164-72


Guo L, Urban JF, Zhu J, Paul WE. Elevating calcium in Th2 cells activates multiple pathways to induce IL-4 transcription and mRNA stabilization. J Immunol. 2008 Sep 15;181(6):3984-93.


Zhao A, Urban Jr JF, Anthony R, Sun R, Stiltz J, Van Rooijen N, Wynn T, Gause W, Shea-Donohue, T. 2008. Th2 cytokine-induced alterations in intestinal smooth muscle function are dependent on alternatively activated macrophages. Gastroenterol. 2008 Jul;135(1):217-225


Reece JJ, Siracusa MC, Southard TL, Brayton CF, Urban Jr JF, Scott AL. 2008. Hookworm-induced persistent changes to the immunological environment of the lung.Infect Immun. 2008 Aug;76(8):3511-24


Cao H, Lin R, Ghosh S, Anderson RA, Urban Jr JF. 2008. Production and characterization of ZFP36L1 antiserum against recombinant protein from Escherichia coli. Biotechnol Progress. 2008 Mar-Apr;24(2):326-33.


Khan IA, Hakak R, Eberle K, Sayles P, Weiss LM, Urban Jr JF. 2008. Co-infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus fails to establish a CD8+ T cell immunity against Toxoplasma gondii. Infect Immun 2008 Mar;76(3):1305-13.


Shen T, Wang L, Kim S, Lantz C, Urban Jr JF, Le Gros G, Min B. 2008. T cell IL-3 production is critical for parasite infection-induced basophil production as well as basophil survival in vitro, yet in vivo basophil survival is IL-3 independent. Internat Immunol 2008 Sep;20(9):1201-9.


Pesce JT, Liu Z, Hamed H, Alem F, Whitmire J, Lin H, Liu Q, Urban Jr JF, Gause WC. 2008. Neutrophils Clear Bacteria Associated with Parasitic Nematodes Augmenting the Development of an EffectiveTh2-Type Response. J Immunol Jan 1;180(1):464-74


Sutton, T. L., Zhao, A., Madden, K. B., Elfrey, J.E., Tuft, B. A., Sullivan, C. A., Urban Jr, J. F., Shea-Donohue,  T.  2007. *Anti-inflammatory Mechanisms of Enteric Heligmosomoides polygyrus Infection on TNBS-Induced Colitis in a Murine Model. Infect. Immun. 2008 Oct;76(10):4772-82.


Solano-Aguilar, G., Dawson, H.D., Restrepo, M., Andrews, K., Urban Jr., J.F. 2007. Development of a quantitative real time PCR assay to detect Bifidobacterium lactis in the gastrointestinal tract of neonatal swine.Applied and Environmental Microbiology2008 Oct;74(20):6338-47.


Cao, H., Urban, Jr. J.F., and Anderson, R.A.  Cinnamon polyphenol extract affects immune responses by regulating anti- and pro-inflammatory and glucose transporter gene expression in mouse macrophages.   Journal of Nutrition 2008 May;138(5):833-40




Setiawan, T, Metwali, A, Blum, AM, Ince, MN, Urban, JF, Elliott, DE, Weinstock, JV. 2007. Heligmosomoides polygyrus promotes T regulatory cytokine production in the normal distal murine intestine. Infect Immun. Sep;75(9):4655-63.


Norris, H.H., Peterson, M.E., Stebbins, C.C., McConchie, B.J., Bundoc, V.G., Trivedi, S, Hodges, MG, Anthony, RM, Urban, Jr., J.F., Long, E.O., Keane-Myers, A.M.  2007. Inhibitory receptor gp49B regulates eosinophil infiltration during allergic inflammation.   J. Leukocyte Biol. 2007 Dec;82(6):1531-41.


Urban JF Jr, Steenhard NR, Solano-Aguilar GI, Dawson HD, Iweala OI, Nagler CR, Noland GS, Kumar N, Anthony RM, Shea-Donohue T, Weinstock J, Gause WC. 2007. Infection with parasitic nematodes confounds vaccination efficacy. Vet Parasitol. 148: 14-20.


Liu Q, Liu Z, Rozo, CT, Hamed HA, Alem F, Urban Jr JF, Gause WC. 2007. The role of B cells in the development of CD4 effector T cells during a polarized Th2 immune response. J Immunol. Sept 15; 179(6): 3821-3830.


Anthony RM, Rutitzky LI, Urban JF Jr, Stadecker MJ, Gause WC. 2007. Protective immune mechanisms in helminth infection. Nat Rev Immunol. 7(12):975-87


Kreider T, Anthony RM, Urban Jr. JF, Gause WC. Alternatively activated macrophages in helminth infections. Curr Opin Immunol. 2007 Aug;19(4):448-53.


Uston PI, Urban Jr. JF, Ashraf M, Lee CM, Ampy FR. 2007. L3L4ES antigen and secretagogues induce histamine release from porcine peripheral blood basophils after Ascaris suum infection. Parasitol. Res. 100: 603-611.


Erazo, A., Kutchukhidze, N., Leung, M., Christ, A., Urban Jr., J.F., Curotto de Lafaille, M., Lafaille, J. 2007. Unique maturation program of the IgE response in vivo. Immunity 26(2):191-203.


Cao, H., Kelly, M.A., Kari, F., Dawson, H.D., Urban, Jr. J.F., Coves, S., Roussel, A.M., Anderson, R.A. 2007. Green tea increases the anti-inflammatory tristetraprolin and decreases the pro-inflammatory tumor necrosis factor mRNA levels in rats. Journal of Inflammation 4:1-5.




Morimoto, M., Morimoto, M., Zhao, A., Madden, K., Dawson, H, Finkelman, F., Mentink-Kane, M., Urban, Jr., J. F., Wynn, T., Shea-Donohue, T. 2006. Functional Importance of Regional Differences in Localized Gene Expression of Receptors for IL-13 in Murine Gut.  Journal of Immunology. 176(1):491-495.


Zhao, A., Urban, Jr., J. F., Morimoto, M., Elfrey, J., Madden, K., Finkelman, F. Shea-Donohue, T. 2006. Contribution of 5-HT2A Receptor in Nematode Infection-Induced Murine Intestinal Smooth Muscle Hyper contractility. Gastroenterology: 131(2): 568-578.


Anthony, R.M., Urban, Jr. J.F., Alem, F., Hamed, H.A., Rozo, C.T., Boucher, J., Van Rooijen, N., Gause, W.C. 2006. Memory Th2 cells induce alternatively activated macrophages to mediate protection against nematode parasites. Nature (Medicine) 12 (8): 955-960.


Liu Q, Liu Z, Whitmire J, Alem F, Hamed H, Pesce J, Urban JF Jr, Gause WC. 2006. L-18 stimulates IL-13-mediated IFN-gamma-sensitive host resistance in vivo. European Journal of Immunology. 36(5):1187-1198.


Pesce, J., Kaviratne M, Ramalingam, T.R., Thompson, RW, Urban, Jr. J.F., Cheever, A. W., Young, D.A.,  Collins, M., Grusby, M.J., Wynn, T.A. 2006. The IL-21 receptor augments Th2 effector functions and alternative macrophage activation. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 116 (7): 2044-2055.


Ince, M.N., Elliott, D.E., Setiawan, T., Blum, A, Metwali, A., Wang, Y., Urban, J.F. Jr,, Weinstock, J.V. 2006.  Cutting Edge: Heligmosomoides polygyrus induces TLR4 on murine mucosal T cells that produce TGFbeta after lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Journal of Immunology. 176 (2):726-729.


Zaiss, D.M., Yang, L., Shah, P.R., Kobie, J.J., Urban, J.F., Mosmann, T.R. 2006. Amphiregulin - a Th2 cytokine enhancing resistance to nematodes. Science 314:1746-1748.


Harris, N.L. Spoerri, I, Schopfer, J.F., Nembrini, C., Merky, P., Masscand, J., Urban Jr., J.F., Lamarre, A., Burki, K., Odermatt, B., Zinkernage, R.M., Macpherson, A.J. 2006. Mechanisms of neonatal mucosal antibody protection. Journal of Immunology. 177(9):6256-6262.


McConchie, B.J., Norris, H.N., Bundoc, V.G., Trivedi, S., Boesen, A., Urban, Jr., J.F., Keane-Myers, A.M. 2006. Ascaris suum-derived products alter mucosal allergic inflammation through a dendritic cell-dependent, IL-10 independent mechanism. Infection and Immunity 74(12):6632-6641.


Metwali, A., Setiawan, T., Blum, A. M., Urban, J., Elliott, D. E., Hang, L., Weinstock, J. V., 2006. Induction of CD8+ regulatory T cells in the intestine by Heligmosomoides polygyrus infection. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 291(2), G253-2599.


Capuco, A.V. Meyer, M.J., Li, R. W., Connor, E.E., Van Tassell, C.P., Boisclair, Y. R., Van Amburgh, M.E., Sonstegard, T. S., Urban, Jr., J. F. 2006.  A mammary gland biologist's perspective on functional genomics.  World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production.  Belo Horizonte, Brazil.  August 13-18: pp 1-6.




Dawson, H.D., Beshah, E., Nishii, S., Solano-Aguilar, G., Morimoto, M., Zhao, A., Madden, K. B., Ledbetter, T. K., Dubey, J.P., Shea-Donohue, T., Lunney, J.K., Urban, Jr., J.F. 2005. Localized multi-gene expression patterns support an evolving Th1/Th2 paradigm in response to infections with Toxoplasma gondii and Ascaris suum. Infect. Immun. 73(2):1116-1128.


Zhao, A, Morimoto, M, Dawson, H, Madden, K, Gause, W, Min B, Finkelman, F, Urban, J, Shea-Donohue. 2005. Immune regulation of protease activated receptor-1 expression in murine small intestine during Nippostrongylus brasiliensis infection. J. Immunol. 175(4):2563-2569.


Summers RW, Elliott DE, Urban JF Jr, Thompson RA, Weinstock JV. 2005. Trichuris suis therapy for active ulcerative colitis: a randomized controlled trial. Gastroenterology. 128:825-832.


Liu Z, Liu Q, Hamed H, Anthony RM, Foster A, Finkelman FD, Urban JF Jr, Gause WC. 2005. IL-2 and Autocrine IL-4 Drive the In Vivo Development of Antigen-Specific Th2 T Cells Elicited by Nematode Parasites. J Immunol. 174(4):2242-2249.


Schopf, L., Luccioli, S., Bundoc, V., Justice, P., Chan, C.C., Wetzel, B., Urban, Jr., J.F., Keane-Myers, A. 2005.  Differential modulation of chronic and acute Ascaris infection on allergic inflammation. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 46: 2772-2780.


Kringel H, Dawson H, Urban Jr JF, Roepstorff A. 2005. Helminth infections in animals and man: Population dynamics, host susceptibility and immuno-modeulatory effects.  Proceedings of the Abildgaard Symposium. University of Life Sciences. Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology. pp. 65-72.


Auyeung, K, Smith, A., Zhao, A., Madden, K., Elfrey, J., Sullivan, C., Levander, O., Urban, J.F., Shea-Donohue, T. 2005. Impact of vitamin E or selenium deficiency on nematode-induced alterations in murine intestinal function. Exp Parasitol. 109:201-208.


Smith, A., Madden, K., Auyeung, K., Zhao, A., Elfrey, J., Finkelman, F., Levander, O., Shea-Donohue, T., Urban, J .F. 2005.  Effect of selenium and/or vitamin E deficiencies on Heligmosomoides polygyrus infection in mice. J Nutrition. 135(4):830-836.


Summers, R., Elliott, D., Urban, J., Thompson, R., Weinstock, J. 2005. Trichuris suis therapy in Crohn's disease. Gut. 2005 Jan; 54(1):87-90.




Zarlenga, D., Dawson, H., Kringel, H, Solano-Aguilar, G. Urban, J.F. 2004. Molecular cloning of the swine IL-4R and IL-13R alpha 1 chains: Effects of experimental Toxoplasma gondii, Ascaris suum and Trichuris suis infection on tissue mRNA levels.Vet Immun Immunopath 101:223-234.


Liu Q, Arseculeratne C, Liu Z, Whitmire J, Grusby MJ, Finkelman FD, Darling TN, Cheever AW, Swearengen J, Urban JF, Gause WC. 2004. Simultaneous Deficiency in CD28 and STAT6 Results in Chronic Ectoparasite-Induced Inflammatory Skin Disease. Infect Immun. 72:3706-3715.


Shea-Donohue T, Urban Jr JF. 2004. Gastrointestinal parasite and host interactions. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology 20: 3-9.


Dawson HD, Royaee AR, Nishi S, Kuhar D, Schnitzlein WM, Zuckermann F, Urban J Jr, Lunney JK. 2004. Identification of key immune mediators regulating T helper 1 responses in swine. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 100:105-111.


Madden KB, Yeung KA, Zhao A, Gause WC, Finkelman FD, Katona IM, Urban JF Jr, Shea-Donohue T. 2004. Enteric nematodes induce stereotypic STAT6-dependent alterations in intestinal epithelial cell function. J Immunol. 172:5616-5621.


Elliott DE, Setiawan T, Metwali A, Blum A, Urban Jr JF, Weinstock JV. 2004. Heligmosomoides polygyrus inhibits established colitis in IL-10 deficient mice. Eur J Immunol. 34:2690-2696.


Min B, Prout M, Hu-Li H, Zhu J, Jankovic D, Morgan ES, Urban Jr JF, Dvorak AM, Finkelman FD, LeGros G, Paul WE. 2004. Basophils produce IL-4 and accumulate in tissues after infection with a Th2-inducing parasite. J Exp Med 200(4):507-517.


Solano-Aguilar G, Shea-Donohue T, Madden K, Dawson H, Ledbetter T, Urban Jr J. 2004.  The effect of human-derived probiotic bacteria on the intestinal function of pigs.  Vet. Parasitol. 125: 151-155.


Finkelman FD, Shea-Donohue T, Morris SC, Gildea L, Strait R, Madden KB, Urban Jr JF. 2004. IL-4- and IL-13-mediated host protection against intestinal nematode parasites. Immunol. Rev. 201:139-55.


Liu Z, Liu Q, Pesce J, Anthony RM, Lamb E, Whitmire J, Hamed H, Morimoto M, Urban Jr JF, Gause WC. 2004. Requirements for the development of IL-4-producing T cells during intestinal nematode infections: what it takes to make a Th2 cell in vivo. Immunol. Rev. 201:57-74.

Zhu J, Min B, Hu-Li J, Watson CJ, Grinberg A, Wang Q, Killeen N, Urban JF Jr, Guo L, Paul WE. 2004. Conditional deletion of Gata3 shows its essential function in T(H)1-T(H)2 responses. Nature (Immunology). 11:1157-1165.


Kringel, H., Dubey, J.P., Beshah, E., Hecker, R., Urban, J.F., Jr. 2004. Effect of CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN)-induced immune activation on porcine immunity to infection with Toxoplasma gondii. Vet. Parasitol. 123: 55-66.


Morimoto, M., Morimoto, M., Whitmire, J., Xiao, S., Star, R.A., Urban, Jr. J.F., Gause, W.C.  2004. Peripheral CD4 T cells rapidly accumulate at the host:parasite interface during an inflammatory Th2 memory response. J. Immunol. 172:2424-2430.


Urban, Jr. J.F. 2004. Impact of Ascaris suum. Pig Progress: June 2003 p 3-27;




Elliott DE, Li J, Blum A, Metwali A, Qadir K, Urban JF Jr, Weinstock JV. 2003. Exposure to Schistosome Eggs Protects Mice from TNBS-induced Colitis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 284(3):G385-91.


Mansfield, L.S., Gauthier, D.T., Abner, S.R., Jones, K.M., Wilder, S.R. & Urban, J.F. 2003. Enhancement of disease and pathology by synergy of Trichuris suis and Campylobacter jejuni in the colon of immunologically naive swine. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 68:70-80.


Zhao, A., McDermott,  J., Urban, Jr, J. F., Gause, W., Madden, K. B., Au Yeung, K., Morris,  S. B., Finkelman,  F. D., Shea-Donohue,T. 2003. Dependence of IL-4, IL-13 or Nematode-Induced Alterations in Murine Small Intestinal Smooth Muscle Contractility on Stat6 and Enteric Nerves. J. Immunol. 171: 948-954.


Strait, R. T., Morris, S. C., Smiley, K., Urban, Jr., J.F., Finkelman, F.D.  2003.   IL-4 exacerbates anaphylaxis.  J. Immunol. 170: 3835-3842.


Gause, W.C., Urban, Jr., J. F. & Stadecker, M.J.  2003.  The immune response to parasitic helminths: insights from murine models.  2003.  Trends Immunol.  24:269-277.


Camberis M, LeGros G, & Urban J.F. 2003. Animal Models of Infectious Diseases: Animal models of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and Heligmosomoides polygyrus. Current Protocols in Immunology, 19.12 pp 1-27 Edited by: Richard Coico. John Wiley & Sons.


Morimoto, M., Zarlenga, D., Beard, H., Alkharouf, N., Matthews, B., Urban, Jr., J.  2003. Ascaris suum: cDNA microarray analysis of 4th stage larvae (L4) during self-cure from the intestine. Exp. Parasitol. 104: 113-121.


Morimoto, M., Morimoto, M., Whitmire, J., Star, R.A., Urban, Jr., J. F., Gause, W.C. 2003. In Situ Localization of Gene Expression Using Laser Capture Microdissection. In: PCR Primer: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd edition, Ed: Carl W. Dieffenbach & Gabriela S. Dveksler, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Chap 11: pp135-148.


Summers, R.W., Elliott, D.E., Qadir, K., Urban, J.F. Jr., Thompson, R., Weinstock, J.V.  2003. Trichuris suis seems to be safe and possibly effective in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Am. J. Gastroenterol. 98(9):2034-2041.


Ekkens, M., Liu, Z., Liu, Q., Whitmire, J., Xiao, S., Foster, A., Pesce, J., VanNoy, J., Sharpe, A., Urban, Jr., J.F., Gause, W.C.   2003.  The role of OX40L interactions in the development of the Th2 response to the gastrointestinal nematode parasite Heligmosomoides polygyrus.  J. Immunol 170:384-93, 2003.




Schopf, L.R., Hoffmann, K.F., Cheever, A.W., Urban, Jr., J.F., Wynn, T. A. 2002. IL-10 is critical for resistance and survival during gastrointestinal helminth infection.  J. Immunol. 168: 2383-2392.


Ekkens, M., Liu, Z., Liu, Q., Foster, A., Whitmire, J., Pesce, J., Urban, Jr., J.F., Gause, W.C. 2002. Memory Th2 effector cells can develop in the absence of B7-1/B7-2, CD28 interactions, and effector Th cells after priming with an intestinal nematode parasite. J. Immunol. 168: 6344- 6351.


Madden, K.B., Whitman, L., Sullivan, C., Gause, W.C., Donaldson, D.D., Urban, Jr., J.F.,Katona, I.M., Finkelman, F.D., Shea-Donohue, T. 2002.  Role of Stat6 and mast cells in IL-4 and IL-13-induced alterations in murine intestinal epithelial cell function. J. Immunol. 169: 4417-4422.


Abner SR, HillDE, Turner JR, Black ED, Bartlett P, Urban JF Jr, Mansfield LS. 2002. Response of intestinal epithelial cells to Trichuris suis excretory-secretory products and the influence on Campylobacter jejuni invasion under in vitro conditions. J. Parasitol. 88: 738-745.


Liu Z, Liu, Q., Pesce, J, Whitmire J, Ekkens M, Foster, A, VanNoy, J, Sharpe A, Urban JF Jr, Gause WC.  2002. Nippostrongylus brasiliensis can induce B7-independent Ag-specific development of IL-4-producing T cells from na?ve CD4 T cells in vivo.  J. Immunol. 169: 6959-6968, 2002.


Solano-Aguilar, G., Zarlenga, D., Beshah, E., Vengroski, K., Gasbarre, L., Junker, D., Cochran, N., Weston, C., Valencia, D., Chiang, C., Dawson, H., Urban, J.F., and Lunney, J.L. 2002. Limited effect of recombinant porcine IL-12 on porcine lymphocytes due to a low level of IL-12 ?2 receptor. Vet. Immunol. Immunopath. 89: 133-148.


Weinstock JV, Summers RW, Elliott DE, Qadir K, Urban JF Jr, Thompson R. 2002. The possible link between de-worming and the emergence of immunological disease. J Lab Clin Med.: 139(6):334-38.




Finkelman FD, Urban JF. 2001. The other side of the coin: The protective role of the type 2 (Th2) cytokines. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 107:772-780.


Shea-Donohue T, Sullivan C, Finkelman FD, Madden KB, Morris SC, Goldhill J, Pi?eiro-Carrero V, Urban JF Jr. 2001. The Role of Interleukin-4 in Heligmosomoides polygyrus induced alterations in murine intestinal epithelial cell function. J. Immunol. 167: 2234-2239.


Urban, Jr., J.F., Noben-Trauth, N., Schopf, L., Madden, K., Finkelman, F.D. 2001. Cutting edge: IL-4 receptor expression by non-bone marrow-derived cells is required to expel gastrointestinal nematode parasites.  J. Immunol. 167: 6078-6081.


Rhoads ML, Fetterer RH, Urban JF Jr. 2001.Cuticular collagen synthesis by Ascaris suum during development from the third to fourth larval stage: identification of a potential chemotherapeutic agent with a novel mechanism of action. J Parasitol. 87(5):1144-9.


Rhoads ML, Fetterer RH, Urban JF Jr. 2001. Release of hyaluronidase during in vitro development of Ascaris suum from the third to fourth larval stage. Parasitol Res. 87(9):693-7.




Finkelman, F.D., Morris, S.C., Orekhova, T., Mori, M., Donaldson, D., Reiner, S.L., Reilly, N.L., Schopf, L., & Urban, J.F., Jr.  2000. Stat6 regulation of in vivo IL-4 responses.  J. Immunol. 164: 2303-2310


Urban, J.F., Jr., Schopf, L., Morris, S.C., Orekhova, T., Madden, K.B., Betts, C.J., Gamble, H.R., Donaldson, D., Else, K., Noben-Trauth, N., and Finkelman, F.D.  2000. Stat6 signaling promotes protective immunity against Trichinella spiralis through a mast cell- and T cell-dependent mechanism.  J. Immunol. 164: 2046-2052.


Elliott, D.E., Urban, J.F., Jr., Argo, C.K., & Weinstock, J.V. 2000.  Does the failure to acquire helminthic parasites predispose to Crohn's disease? FASEB Journal 14: (12) 1848-1855.


 Rhoads, M.L., Fetterer, R.H., Hill, D.E. & Urban, J.F., Jr.  2000. Trichuris suis: A secretory chymotrypsin/elastase inhibitor with potential as an immunomodulator.  Exp. Parasitol. 95: 36-44.


Urban, J.F., Jr., Fang, H., Liu, Q., Ekkens, M.J., Chen, S-J, Nguyen, D., Mitro, V., Donaldson, D., Byrd, C., Peach, R., Morris, S., Finkelman, F.D., Schopf, L., & Gause, W.C.  2000.  IL-13 mediated worm expulsion is B7-independent and IFN-g-sensitive. J. Immunol. 164: 4250-4256


Cooper PJ, Chico ME, Sandoval C, Espinel I, Guevara A, Kennedy MW, Urban JF Jr, Griffin GE, Nutmann TB. 2000. Human infection with Ascaris lumbricoides is associated with a polarized cytokine response. J. Infect. Dis. 182:1207-1213.


Liu Q, Ekkens M, Mitro V, Urban J, Gause W.  2000. How the immune response makes decisions during infectious disease.  Rec. Res. Develop. Immunol. 2: 131-140.




Mansfield, L.S., Gause, W.E., Finkelman, F.D., & Urban, J.F., Jr.  1999. Gastrointestinal nematodes and the immune system. In: Effects of Microbes on the Immune System.  Eds: Cunningham M.W. & Fujinamni R.S.  Lippincott/William & Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp 555-567.


Gause, W.C., Ekkens, M., Nguyen, D., Mitro, V., Finkelman, F.D., Greenwald, R., and Urban, J.F.  1999.  The development of CD4+ T effector cells during the type 2 immune response. Immunologic Res. 20:55-65.


Greenwald, R.J., Urban, J.F., Ekkens, M.J. Chen, S-J., Nguyen, D., Fang, H., Finkelman, F.D., Sharpe, A., & Gause, W.C. 1999.  B7-2 is required for the progression but not the initiation of the type 2 immune response to a gastrointestinal nematode parasite.  J. Immunol.  162:4133-4139.


Finkelman, F.D., Wynn, T.A., Donaldson, D.D. & Urban, J.F., Jr. 1999.  IL-13: Role in helminth-induced inflammation and protective immunity against nematode infections. Current Opinion in Immunol. 11: 420-426.




Urban, J., Noben-Trauth, N., Donaldson, D., Madden, K., Morris, S., Collins, M., & Finkelman, F.  1998.  IL-13, IL-4Ralpha, and STAT6 are required for expulsion of the gastrointestinal nematode parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Immunity 8: 255-264.


Mansfield, L.S., Urban, J.F., Holley-Shanks, R.R., Murtaugh, M.P., Zarlenga, D.S., Foss, D., Gause, W. & J.L. Lunney. 1998.  Construction of internal cDNA competitors for measuring IL10 and IL12 cytokine gene expression in swine.  Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 65: 63-74.


Urban, J.F., Mansfield, L.S., Shea-Donohue, T., Gause, W.C. & Finkelman, F.D. Mechanisms of intestinal immunity to nematode parasites and the consequences to invasion by opportunistic bacteria.  Old Herborn University Seminar Monograph #11: Immunomodulation of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Eds: PJ Heidt, JC Cebra, VD Rusch, D Vander Waaij, and RI Walkder. Herborn Litterae 1998; pp59-69.


Rhoads, M., Fetterer, R., & Urban, J.F. 1998.  Effect of protease class specific inhibitor on in vitro development of L3 to L4 of Ascaris suum. J. Parasitol. 84: 686-690.




Goldhill, J., Morris, S.C., Maliszewski, C., Urban, J.F., Funk, C.D., Finkelman, F.D., & Shea?Donohue, T.  1997.  IL?4 modulates cholinergic neural control of mouse small intestinal longitudinal muscle.  Am. J. Physiol. 272:1135-1140.


Gause, W., Chen, S.J., Greenwald, R., Halversen, M., Lu, P., Zhou, X., Chen, S., Morris, S., Lee, K., June, C., Finkelman, F., Urban, J.F., & Abe, R.  1997.  CD28-dependence of T cell differentiation of IL4 production varies with the particular type 2 immune response.  J. Immunol. 158: 4082-4087.


Greenwald, R., Lu, P., Halvorson, M., Zhou, X., Chen, S., Madden, K., Perrin, P., Morris, S., Finkelman, F., Peach, R., Linsley, P., Urban, J., & Gause, W.  1997.  Effects of blocking B7-1 and B7-2 interactions during a type 2 in vivo immune response.  J. Immunol 158: 4088-4096.


Gause, W., Halversen, M., Greenwald, R., Linsley, P., Urban, J., & Finkelman, F.  1997.  The function of co-stimulatory molecules and the development of IL4 producing T cells.  Immunol. Today 18: 115-120.


Finkelman, F., Shea-Donohue, T., Goldhill, J., Sullivan, C., Morris, S., Madden, K., Gause, W., & Urban, J.F.  1997. Cytokine regulation of host defense against parasitic GI nematodes: Lessons learned from studies in rodent models.  Ann. Rev. Immunol. 15: 505-533.


Urban, J.F., Finkelman, F., Shea-Donohue, T., & Gause, W. 1997.  Cytokine Immunomodulation of infectious diseases. In: Immune Modulating Agents (Ed: Kresina, T.) Marcel Dekker, NY.  pp 169-186.


Rhoads, M., Fetterer, F., & Urban, J.  1997.  Secretion of an aminopeptidase during transition from 3rd-4th stage larvae of Ascaris suum.  J. Parasitol. 83: 780-784.


Noben-Trauth, N., Shultz, L., Brombacher, F., Urban, J., Gu, H., & Paul, W.  1997.  An interleukin 4-independent pathway for CD4+ T cell IL4 production is revealed in IL4 receptor-deficient mice.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94: 10838-10843.


Gause, W.C., Mitro, V., Via, C., Linsley, P., Urban, J.F. Jr., & Greenwald, R.J.  1997.  Do Effector and memory T helper cells also need B7 ligand co-stimulatory signals?  J. Immunol. 159: 1055-1058.


Mansfield, L.S., Hill, D.E., & Urban, J.F.  1997. Lymphoglandular complexes process antigen in the distal colon in swine.  In: Cytokines, cholera, and the gut.  (Ed: Keusch, G.T. & Kawakami, M.). IOS Press, Ohmsha pp 185-195.


Hill, D.E., Romanowski, R.D., & Urban, J.F.  1997.  A Trichuris specific diagnostic antigen from culture fluids of Trichuris suis adult worms. Vet. Parasitol. 68: 91-102.




Gause, W., Urban, J.F., Linsley, P., & Lu, P.  1996.  The role of B7 signaling in the differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells to effector IL?4 producing T helper cells.  Immunol. Res.  14:176-188.


Urban, J.F., Fayer, R., Sullivan, C., Goldhill, T. Shea?Donohue, K. Madden, S.C. Morris, I.M. Katona, W. Gause, M. Ruff, & F.D. Finkelman.  1996.  Local Th1 and Th2 responses to parasitic infection in the intestine: Regulation by IFN?g & IL?4.  Vet. Immunol. Immunopath. 54:337-344.


Urban, J.F.  1996.  Use of immunity as a strategic control for internal parasites of swine.  PIGS. June/Misset 1996:16-18.


Gause, W., Lu, P., Zhou, X., Chen, S., Madden, K., Morris, S., Linsley, P., Finkelman, F., & Urban, J.F.  1996. Heligmosomoides polygyrus: B7-independence of the secondary type 2 response.  Exp. Parasitol. 84: 264-273.


Mansfield, L.S., & Urban, J.F.  1996.  The pathogenesis of necrotic proliferative colitis in swine is linked to whipworm?induced suppression of mucosal immunity to resident bacteria.  Vet. Immunol. & Immunopath. 50:1-17.


Lu, P., Urban, J.F., di Zhou Z., Chen, S?J, Madden, K.  Moorman, M., Morris, S.C., Finkelman, F.D., & Gause, W.C.  1996.  CD40?mediated stimulation contributes to lymphocyte proliferation, antibody production, eosinophilia, & mastocytosis during an in vivo type 2 response, but is not for T cell IL?4 production.  J. Immunol. 156:3327-33.


Urban, J.F., Fayer, R., Chen, S?J., Gause, W.C., Gately, M.K., & Finkelman, F.D.  1996.  IL?12 protects immunocompetent and immunodeficient neonatal mice against infection with Cryptosporidium parvum. J. Immunol.  156:263?268.





Urban, J.F., Maliszewski, C.R., Madden, K.B., Katona, I.M., & Finkelman, F.D.  1995.  Interleukin?4 treatment can cure established gastrointestinal nematode infection in immunocompetent and immunodeficient mice.  J. Immunol.  154:4674?4684.


Katona, I.M., Urban, J.F., Jr., Finkelman, F.D., Gause, W.C., & Madden, K.B.  1995.  Cytokine regulation of intestinal mastocytosis in N. brasiliensis infection.  Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 371:971-973.


Gause, W.C., Urban, J.F., Linsley, P.S. & Lu, P.  1995.  Role of B7 signaling in the differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells to effector IL? 4?producing T helper cells.  Immunol. Res.  14:176?188.


Gamble, H.R., Fetterer, R.H. & Urban, J.F. Jr.  1995.  Reproduction and development in helminths. In: Biochemistry and molecular biology of parasites.  (eds. J.J. Marr & M.  Muller) Academic Press. pp. 289?305.


Finkelman, F.D., Gause, W.C., & Urban, J.F.  1995.  Cytokine control of protective immunity against nematode infections.  In: Molecular Approaches to Parasitology.  (eds.  J.C.  Boothroyd and R. Komuniecki). Wiley?Liss, Inc.  pp. 467?476.




Baker, D., Bryant, J., Urban, J., & Lunney, J.  1994.  Swine immunity to selected parasites.  Vet. Immunol. & Immunopath. 43:127?133.


Finkelman, F.D., Madden, K.B., Cheever, A.W., Katona, I.M., Morris, S.C., Gately, M.K., Hubbard, B.R., Gause, W.C., & Urban, J.F. 1994. Effects of IL?12 on immune responses and host protection in mice infected with GI nematode parasites.  J. Exp. Med. 179:1563?1572.


Lu, P., Zhou, X., Chen, S., Moorman, M., Morris, S.C., Finkelman, F.D., Linsley, P., Urban, J.F., & Gause, W.C.  1994.  CTLA?4 ligands are required to induce an in vivo interleukin 4 response to a gastrointestinal nematode parasite.  J. Exp. Med. 180:693?698.


Rocken, M., Urban, J.F., & Shevach, E.M.  1994.  Antigen?specific activation, tolerization, and reactivation of the IL?4 pathway in vivo. J. Exp. Med. 179:1885?1893.


Dubey, J.P., Baker, D.G., Davis, S.W., Urban, J.F., & Shen, S.K.  1994. Persistence of immunity to toxoplasmosis in pigs vaccinated with a nonpersistent strain of T. gondii.  Am. J. Vet. Res. 55:982?987.


Hill, D.E., Fetterer, R.H., Romanowski, R.D., & Urban, J.F.  1994.  The effect of immunization of pigs with Ascaris suum cuticle components on the development of resistance to parenteral migration during a challenge infection.  Vet. Immunol. & Immunopath. 42:161?169.




Hill, D.E., Gamble, H.R., Rhoads, M.L., Fetterer, R.H., & Urban, J.F. 1993.  Trichuris suis: A zinc metalloprotease from culture fluids of adult parasites.  Exp. Parasitol.  77:170?178.


Svetic, Al, Madden, K.B., Zhou, X.D., Lu, P., Katona, I.M., Finkelman, F.D., Urban, J.F., & Gause, W.C. 1993.  A Primary intestinal helminthic infection rapidly induces a gut?associated elevation of Th2?associated cytokines and IL?3.  J. Immunol. 150: 3434?3441.


Urban, J.F., Madden, K.B., Cheever, A.W., Trotta, P.P., Katona, I.M., & Finkelman, F.D.  1993.  IFN inhibits inflammatory responses and protective immunity in mice infected with the nematode parasite, Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. J. Immunol. 151:7086?7094.


Urban, J.F., Jr., 1993.  Acquired immunity to the nematode parasites of major economic importance in swine.  Compendium (Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian) 15: 1297?1312.


Fetterer, R.H., Rhoads, M.L., Urban, Jr., J. F. 1993. Synthesis of tyrosine-derived cross-links in Ascaris suum cuticular proteins.J Parasitol. 79(2):160-166.




Eriksen, L., P. Lind, P. Nansen, A. Roepstorff, & J.F. Urban.  1992. Resistance to Ascaris suum is parasite naive and naturally exposed growers, finishers and sows.  Vet. Parasitol. 41:137?149.


Finkelman, F.D. & Urban, J.F., 1992.  Cytokines: Making the right choice.  Parasitology Today 8:311?314.


Rocken, M., Urban, J.F. & Shevach, E.M. 1992.  Concomitant infection breaks T?cell tolerance.  Nature 359:79?82.


Fetterer, R.H., Rhoads, M.L., & Urban, J.F. 1992.  Synthesis of tyrosine?derived cross?links in Ascaris suum cuticular proteins.  J. Parasitol. 79:160?166.


Urban, J.F., Madden, K.B., Svetic, A., Cheever, A., Trotta, P.P., Gause, W.C., Katona, I.M. & Finkelman, F.D.  1992.  The importance of Th2 cytokines in protective immunity to nematodes.  Immuno. Reviews 127:205?220.



Finkelman, F.D., Urban, J.F. Jr., Beckmann M.P., Schooley, K.A., Holmes, J.M., & Katona, I.M.  1991.  Regulation of murine in vivo IgG and IgE responses by a monoclonal anti?IL?4 receptor antibody.  Int. Immunol.  3:599?607.


Snapper, C.M., Hooley, J.J., Urban, J.F. Jr., & Finkelman, F.D.  1991. Lack of FceRII expression by murine B cells after in vivo immunization is directly associated with Ig secretion and not Ig isotype switching. J. Immunol.  146:2161?2168.


Urban, J.F., I.M. Katona, W.E. Paul, & F.D. Finkelman.  1991. Interleukin 4 has an important role in protective immunity to a gastrointestinal nematode infection in mice.  PNAS (USA). 88:5513?5517.


Dubey, J.P., J.F. Urban, Jr., & S.W. Davis.  1991.  Protective immunity to toxoplasmosis in pigs vaccinated with a nonpersistent strain of Toxoplasma gondii.  Am. J. Vet. Res. 52:1316?1319.


Urban, J.R., Jr., I.M. Katona, & F.D. Finkelman. 1991.  Regulation of immunity to H. polygyrus by CD4+ T cell.  Exp. Parasitol.  73:500?511.


Finkelman, F.D., E.J. Pearce, J.F. Urban, Jr., & A. Sher.  Regulation and biological function of helminth?induced cytokine responses.  1991. Immunology Today/Parasitology Today.  12:62?66.


Finkelman, F.D., J.F. Urban, Jr., W.E. Paul, & I.M.  Katona.  1991. Cytokine regulation of murine immunoglobulin isotype expression in vivo.  In: Structure and Function of IL?4.  H. Spits, ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.


Snapper, C.M., H. Yamaguchi, J.F. Urban, Jr., & F.D.  Finkelman.  1991. Induction of Ly?6 A/E expression by murine B cells after in vivo immunization is strictly dependent upon the action of IFN?alpha/beta and or IFN?gamma.  Int. Immunol. 3:845?852.


Madden, K.B., J.F. Urban, Jr., H.J. Zeltner, J.W. Schrader, F.D. Finkelman, & I.M. Katona.  1991.  Antibodies to IL?3 and IL?4 suppress helminth?induced intestinal mastocytosis.  J. Immunol. 147:1387?1391.


Seder, R.A., G. LeGros, S.Z. Ben?Sasson, J.F. Urban, Jr., F.D. Finkelman, & W.E. Paul.  1991.  Increased frequency of IL?4 producing T?cells as a result of polyclonal priming.  Use of single cell assay to detect IL?4 producing cells.  Eur. J. Immunol. 21:1241?1245.


Katona, I.M., J.F. Urban, Jr., S. Kang, W.E. Paul & F.D.  Finkelman. 1991.  IL?4 requirements for the generation of secondary in vivo IgE responses.  J. Immunol. 146:4215?4221


Seder, R.A., M. Plant, S. Barbieri, J.F. Urban, Jr., F.D.  Finkelman, & W.E. Paul.  1991.  Purified FceR+ bone marrow and splenic non?B non?T cells are highly enriched in the capacity to produce IL?4 in response to immobilized IgE, IgG2a or ionomycin.  J. Immunol. ycin147:903?909.


Hill, D.E., R.H. Fetterer, & J.F. Urban, Jr. 1991.  Ascaris suum: Stage?specific difference in lectin binding to the larval cuticle. Exp. Parasitol. 73:376?383.


Marinculic, A., Gamble, H.R., Urban, Jr., J.F., Rapic, D., Zivicnjak, T., Smith, H.J., Murrell, K.D. 1991. Immunity in swine inoculated with larvae or extracts of a pig isolate and a sylvatic isolate of Trichinella spiralis. Am J Vet Res. 52(5):754-758.




Finkelman, F.D., J. Holmes, I.M. Katona, J.F. Urban, Jr., M.P. Beckmann, T.S. Park, K.A. Schooley, R.L. Coffman, T.R. Mossman, & W.E. Paul.  1990.  Lymphokine control of in vivo immunoglobulin isotype selection.  Ann. Rev. Immunol.  W.E. Paul, CG Fathman, and H. Metzger ed. 8:303?333.


Hill, D.E., R.H. Fetterer, & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1990.  Biotin as a probe of A. suum developmental stages.  Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 41:45?52.


Dubey, J.F., & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1990.  Diagnosis of transplacentally induced toxoplasmosis in pigs. Am. J. Vet. Res. 8:1295?1299.


Dubey, J.P., D.H. Schlafer, J.F. Urban, Jr., & D.S.  Lindsay.  1990. Lesions in fetal pigs with transplacentally induced toxoplasmosis. Vet. Path. 27:411?418.


Finkelman, F.D., J.F. Urban, Jr., C.S. Via, J.M. Holmes, P.  Trotta, W.E.  Paul, & I.M. Katona.  1990.  Cytokine regulation of the murine in vivo IgE response.  In: Cytokines: Basic Principles and Clinical Applications, S.  Romagnani and A.K. Abbas, eds.  Serono Symposia Publications from Raven Press, Italy.  Vol. 68, p. 189.


Fetterer, R.H., D.E. Hill, & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1990.  The cuticular biology in developmental stages of A. suum.  Acta Trop. 47:289-295.


Maliszewski, C.R., B.R. Renshaw, M.A. Schoenborn, J.F. Urban, Jr., & P.E. Baker.  1990.  Porcine IL?1 alpha cDNA nucleotide sequence. Nucleic Acids Res. 18:14.




Fetterer, R.H., J.F. Urban, Jr., & R.W. Miller.  1989.  Effects of the chitin synthesis inhibitor diflubenzuron on the development of Ascaris suum and Haemonchus contortus.  Vet. Parasitol. 32:181?192.


Urban, J.F. Jr., R.D. Romanowski, & N.C. Steele.  1989.  Influence of helminth parasite exposure and strategic application of anthelmintics on the development of immunity and growth performance of swine. J. Anim. Sci. 67:1668?1677.


Finkelman, F.D., J. Holmes, J.F. Urban, Jr., W.E. Paul, & I.M.  Katona. 1989. T help requirements for the generation of an in vivo IgE response: a late acting form of T cell help other than IL?4 is required for IgE but not IgGl production.  J. Immunol. 142: 403?408.


Urban, J.F. Jr., H.R. Gamble, & I.M. Katona.  1989.  Intestinal Immune responses of mammals to nematode parasites.  Amer. Zool. 29: 469?478.


Finkelman, F.D., I.M. Katona, J.F. Urban, Jr., & D.S.  Lindsay.  1989. Control of in vivo IgE production in the mouse by interleukin 4.  In: IgE, Mast Cells and the Allergic Response.  Wiley Chichester (CIBA Foundation Sym 147) p3?17.




Fetterer, R.H. & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1988.  Developmental changes in cuticular proteins of A. suum.  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 90B: 321?327.


Urban, J.F. Jr., H. Alizadeh, & R.D. Romanowski.  1988.  Ascaris suum: Development of intestinal immunity to infective 2nd stage larvae in swine. Exp. Parasitol. 66: 66?77.


Ashraf, M., J.F. Urban, Jr., T.D.G. Lee, & C.M. Lee.  1988. Characterization of isolated porcine intestinal mucosal mast cells following infection with Ascaris suum.  Vet. Parasitol. 29: 143?158.


Katona, I.M., J.F. Urban, Jr., & F.D. Finkelman.  1988.  The role of L3T4+ T and LyT2+ T cells in the IgE response and immunity to N. brasiliensis.  J. Immunol. 141:3206?3211.


Finkelman, F.D., I.M. Katona, J.F. Urban, Jr., J. Holmes, J.  Ohara, A.S.  Tung, J. vG Sample, & W.E. Paul.  1988.  IL-4 is required to generate and sustain in vivo IgE responses.  J. Immunol. 140:2335?2341.




Douvres, F.W., & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1987.  In vitro cultivation of nematoda except parasites of insects.  In, "In Vitro Methods of Parasite Cultivation."  (Eds. Taylor, E.E.R. and Baker, J.R.) Academic Press Limited, London. 




Rew, R.S., J.F. Urban, Jr., & F.W. Douvres.  1986.  An In vitro screen for anthelmintics using larvae of A. suum. Am. J. Vet. Res. 47:869?873.


Lunney, J.K., J.F. Urban, Jr., & L.A. Johnson.  1986.  Protective immunity to A. suum: Analysis of swine peripheral blood cell subsets using mAbs and flow cytometry. Vet. Parasitol. 20:117?131.

Douvres, F.W. & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1986.  Development of Ascaris suum  from in vivo derived 3rd?stage larvae to egg laying adults in vitro. Proc. Hel. Soc.Wash. 53:256?262.


Urban, J.F. Jr.  1986. The epidemiology & control of swine parasites: Immunity and vaccines.  Vet Clin North Am Food An Prac  2:765?788.


Alizadeh, H., J.F. Urban, Jr., I.M. Katona, & F.D. Finkelman.  1986. Cells containing IgE in the intestinal mucosa of mice infected with the nematode parasite Trichinella spiralis are predominantly of a mast cell lineage. J. Immunol. 137:2555?2560.


Finkelman, F.D., I.M. Katona, J.F. Urban, Jr., C. Snapper, J. O'Hara, & W.E. Paul.  1986.  Suppression of in vivo polyclonal IgE responses by mAb to the lymphokine B cell stimulating factor 1.  PNAS 83:9675?9678.




Katona, I.M., J.F. Urban, Jr., & F.D. Finkelman.  1985.  B cells that simultaneously express surface IgM and IgE in N. brasiliensis infected SJA/9 mice do not provide evidence for isotype switching without gene deletion. PNAS 82:511?515.


Urban, J.F. Jr. & R.D. Romanowski.  1985.  Ascaris suum: Protective immunity in pigs immunized with products of eggs and larvae.  Exp. Parasitol. 60:245?254.


Fetterer, R.H., & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1985.  The inhibition of growth and development of Ascaris suum larvae in vitro by proline analog.  Comp. Biochem. and Physiol. 82C,:331?335.




Urban, J.F., Jr., I.M. Katona, D.A. Dean, & F.D. Finkelman.  1984. Cellular IgE response in rodents after infection with N. brasiliensis, Trichinella spiralis & Schistosoma mansoni. Vet. Parasitol. 14:193?208.


Urban, J.F., Jr., & F.G. Tromba.  1984.  An ultraviolet (UV)?attenuated egg vaccine for swine ascariasis: Parameters affecting the development of protective immunity.  Am. J. Vet. Res. 45:21O4?2108.


Katona, I.M., J.F. Urban, Jr., J.A. Titus, D.A. Stephany, D.M.  Segal, & F.D. Finkelman.  1984.  Characterization of murine lymphocyte IgE receptors by flow microfluorometry. J. Immunol. 133:1521?1528.


Urban, J.F., Jr., F.W. Douvres & S. Xu. 1984. Culture requirements of Ascaris suum larval survival, development and growth with cholesterol. Vet. Parasitol.  14:33?42.


Gasbarre, L.C., J.F. Urban, Jr., & R.D. Romanowski.  1984.  Porcine Interleukin 2: Parameters of production and biochemical characterization. Vet. Immunol. & Immunopath.  5:221?236.




Murrell, K.D. & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1983.  Induction of immunity by transcolostrally passed Strongyloides ransomi larvae in neonatal pigs. J. Parasitol. 69:74?77.


Douvres, F.W. & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1983. Factors contributing to the in vitro development of Ascaris suum from second?stage larvae to mature adults. J. Parasitol. 69:549?558.


Katona, I.M., J.F. Urban, Jr., I. Scher, C.  Kanellopoulos?Langevin, & F.D. Finkelman.  1983.  Induction of an IgE response in mice by N. brasiliensis: Characterization of lymphoid cells with intracytoplasmic or surface IgE. J. Immunol. 130:350?356.




Urban, J.F. Jr. 1982.  Cellular basis of the non?specific potentiation of the immunoglobulin E response after helminth parasite infection. Vet. Parasitol. 10:131?140.


Gasbarre, L.C. & J.F. Urban, Jr.  1982.  Assessment of T lymphocyte responses induced by parasite antigens. Vet.  Parasitol. 10:119?129.


Gasbarre, L.C. & J.F. Urban.  1982.  Effect of ionizing irradiation on in vitro proliferative responses of porcine PBL.  Vet. Immunol. Immunopath. 3:301?309.


Urban, J.F. Jr., & F.G. Tromba.  1982.  Development of Immune Responsiveness to Ascaris suum antigens in pigs vaccinated with attenuated eggs.  Vet. Immunol. Immunopath.  3:399?409.




Urban, J.F. Jr., F.W. Douvres & F.G. Tromba.  1981.  A rapid method for hatching Ascaris suum eggs in vitro.  Proc. Helminthol. Soc. Wash. 48:241?243.


Urban, J.F. Jr., & F.W. Douvres.  1981.  In vitro development of Ascaris suum from 3rd to 4th?stage larvae and detection of metabolic antigens in multi?well cultures systems.  J. Parasitol. 67:800?806.




Urban, J.F. Jr., K. Ishizaka & H. Bazin. 1980. IgE?B cell generating factor from lymph node cells of rats infected with N. brasiliensis. III. Regulation of factor formation by anti?Ig. J. Immunol. 124:527?532.




Ishizaka, K., J.F. Urban, Jr., M. Suemura & T. Ishizaka.  1979. Ontogeny and development of IgE?Bearing B-lymphocytes. Monogr. Allergy.  14:1?15.




Urban, J.F. Jr., T. Ishizaka, & K. Ishizaka.  1978.  IgE?B cell generating factor from lymph node cells of rats infected with N. brasiliensis.  I. Source of IgE?B cell Generating factor.  J. Immunol. 121:192?198.


Urban, J.F. Jr. & K. Ishizaka.  1978. IgE?B cell generating factor from lymph node cells of rats infected with N. brasiliensis. II. Effector mechanisms of IgE?B cell generating factor.  J. Immunol. 121:199?203.


Suemura, M., J.F. Urban, Jr., & K. Ishizaka. 1978.  Development of IgE? forming cells in vitro from MLN cells.  J. Immunol.  121:2413?2417.




Urban, J.F., Jr., T. Ishizaka, & K. Ishizaka.  1977.  IgE formation in the rat following infection with N. brasiliensis. II. Proliferation of IgE?bearing cells in neonatally thymectomized animals. J. Immunol. 118:1982?1986.


Urban, J.F., Jr., T. Ishizaka, & K. Ishizaka.  1977.  IgE formation in the rat following infection with N. brasiliensis.  III. Soluble factor for the generation of IgE?bearing lymphocytes.  J. Immunol. 119:583?590.




Ishizaka, T., J.F. Urban, Jr., & K. Ishizaka.  1976.  IgE formation in the rat following infection with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis.  I. Proliferation & Differentiation of IgE bearing cells.  Cell. Immunol. 22:248?261.


Miller, G.A., J. Urban, Jr., & R.W. Jackson.  1976.  Effects of a streptococcal lipoteichoic acid on host responses in mice.  Infect. Immunity 13:1408?1417.


Ishizaka, T., J. Urban, Jr., T. Takatsu, & K. Ishizaka.  1976.  IgE synthesis in parasite infection. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 58:523?538.



Urban, J.F., Jr.  1975.  Further characterization of the effects of a Streptococcus pyogenes teichoic acid on the immune response of mice. (Ph.D. Thesis, SyracuseUniversity).






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