Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Lev Nemchinov--Selected Publications
headline bar
<P>(full list of publications <A href="http://www.ars.usda.gov/pandp/people/publications.htm?personid=24676">here</A>)</P> 
<P>Natilla A. and Nemchinov LG. Improvement of PVX/CMV CP expression tool for display of short foreign antigens. Protein Expr Purif. 59:117-21. 2008.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., Shabala, L., Shabala, S. 2008. Calcium Efflux as a Component of Hypersensitive Response of Nicotiana benthamiana to Pseudomonas syringae. Plant And Cell Physiology. 49/1:40-46. </P> 
<P>Shabala, S., Cuin, T.A., Prismall, L., Nemchinov, L.G. 2007. Expression of animal CED-9 anti-apoptotic gene in tobacco modifies plasma membrane ion fluxes in response to salinity and oxidative stress. Planta. 227(1):189-197. </P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., Natilla, A. 2007. Transient expression of the ectodomain of matrix protein 2 (M2e) of Avian Influenza A Virus in plants. Protein Expression and Purification. 56:153-9. 2007. Available: doi:10.1016/j.pep.2007.05.015. </P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., Paape, M,J., Sohn, E.J., Bannerman, D.D., Zarlenga, D.S., Hammond R.W. Bovine CD14 receptor produced in plants reduces severity of intramammary bacterial infection. FASEB Journal. 20(9):1345-51. 2006.</P> 

<P>Natilla, A., Hammond, R., Nemchinov, L.G. 2005.Epitope presentation system based on cucumber mosaic virus coat protein expressed from a potato virus x-based vector. Archives of Virology. 15:1373-1386. </P> 
<P>Natilla, A., Hammond, R., Zhao, Y., Nemchinov, L.G. 2005. Display of vaccine candidate antigens on the surface of cucumber mosaic virus coat protein, expressed through a potato virus x vector. International Congress of Virology. p.163.</P> 
<P>Natilla, A., Hammond, R., Zhao, Y., Nemchinov, L.G. 2005. Development of plant-derived subunit vaccine candidate against Newcastle disease virus. American Phytopathological Society Potomac Division Meeting. 95:S163. </P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., Paape, M.J., Sohn, E.J., Bannerman, D.D., Zarlenga, D.S., Hammond, R. 2005. Plant virus-based expression of functional cd14 lps receptor in plants. American Society for Virology Meeting. p.85. </P> 
<P>Hammond, R., Nemchinov, L.G., Zhao, Y. 2004. Mutation and recombination may limit the use of cucumber mosaic virus as a virus-based gene expression vector. American Phytopathological Society. 94(S):912 </P>3. Nemchinov L.G. and Natilla A. Transient expression of the ectodomain of matrix protein 2 (M2e) of avian influenza A virus in plants. Protein Expr. Purif. 56:153-9. 2  
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., Hammond, J, Jordan R., and Hammond, R.W. 2004. The complete nucleotide sequence, genome organization, and specific detection of <EM>beet mosaic virus</EM>. <STRONG>Archives of Virology</STRONG>, 149(6):1201-1214.</P> 
<P>Hadidi, A., Guinchedi, L., Osaki, H., Shamloul, A.M., Crescenzi, A., Gentit, P., Nemchinov, L., Piazzolla, P., and Kyriakopolou, P.E. 2002. <EM>Peach latent mosaic viroid</EM> in temperate fruit hosts. In: <STRONG>Viroids</STRONG>. Eds: Ahmed Hadidi, Ricardo Flores, John Randles & Joseph Semancik. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia. P.161-164.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L., Liang, T. Jake, Rifaat, M. M., Mazyad, H.M., Hadidi A.F., and Keith, J.M. Development of a plant-derived subunit vaccine candidate against <EM>hepatitis c virus</EM>. 2000. <STRONG>Archives of Virology</STRONG>, 145 (12): 2557-2573.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L., Shamloul, M., Zemtchik, E.Z., Verderevskaya, T.D. and Hadidi, A. <EM>Apricot latent virus</EM>: a new species in the genus <EM>Foveavirus</EM>. <STRONG>Archives of Virology</STRONG>, 145:1801-1813. </P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L., Crescenzi, A., Piazzolla, P., Verderevskaya, T., and Hadidi, A. 1998. Present status of identification and controlling the new cherry group of plum pox. In: <STRONG>Plant Virus Disease Control</STRONG>. Eds. A. Hadidi, R.K. Khetarpal, H. Koganezawa. APS Press, St. Paul, MN, USA. P.629-638.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L., Hammond, J., and Hadidi, A. 1998. Nucleotide sequence of the putative replicase gene of the sour cherry strain of <EM>plum pox potyvirus</EM>. <STRONG>Archives of Virology</STRONG>, 143: 2247-2252.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L., and Hadidi, A. 1998. Specific oligonucleotide primers for the direct detection of plum pox potyvirus-cherry subgroup. <STRONG>Journal of Virological Methods</STRONG>, 70:231-234.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L., Kolber, M., Nemeth, M., and Hadidi A. 1998. Molecular evidence of <EM>plum pox virus-C</EM> subgroup in Hungary. <STRONG>Acta Horticulturae</STRONG>, 472: 503-508.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L., and Hadidi, A. 1998. <EM>Apricot latent virus</EM>: a novel stone fruit pathogen and its relationship to <EM>apple stem pitting virus</EM>. <STRONG>Acta Horticulturae</STRONG>, 472: 159-174.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L., Hadidi, A, Verderevskaya, T., Howell, W., and Mink, G.1998. Polymerase chain reaction detection of <EM>apple stem pitting virus</EM> from herbaceous and pome fruit hosts. <STRONG>Acta Horticulturae</STRONG>, 472: 67-74.</P> 
<P>Carraro, L., Nemchinov, L., and Hadidi, A.1998. PCR-detection of phytoplasmas in pome and stone fruits. <STRONG>Acta Horticulturae</STRONG>, 472: 731-736.</P> 
<P>Giunchedi, L., Gentit, P., Nemchinov, L. Poggi-Pollini and Hadidi, A. Plum spotted fruit: a disease associated with <EM>peach latent mosaic viroid</EM>. <STRONG>Acta Horticulturae</STRONG>, 472: 571-581.</FONT></P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L., Hadidi, A., Maiss, E., Cambra, M., Candresse, T., and Damsteegt, V. 1996. Sour cherry strain of <EM>plum pox potyvirus</EM>: molecular and serological evidence for a new group of PPV strains. <STRONG>Phytopathology </STRONG>86:</P> 
<P>Nemchinov L., Hadidi, A.1996. Characterization of the sour cherry strain of <EM>plum pox virus</EM>. <STRONG>Phytopathology</STRONG> 86:575-580.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G.,Hadidi, A., Candresse, T., Foster, J.A., Verderevskaya, T.1995. </SPAN>Sensitive detection of <EM>apple chlorotic leaf spot virus</EM> from infected apple or peach tissue using RT-PCR, IC-RT-PCR, or multiplex IC-RT-PCR. <STRONG>Acta Horticulture</STRONG> 386:51-62.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., Hadidi,A., and Verderevskaya,T.D. 1995. Detection and partial characterization of a <EM>plum pox virus</EM> isolate from infected sour cherry. <STRONG>Acta Horticulture</STRONG> 386:226-237.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., and Luginin, N.V. 1991. Induction of sister chromatid exchanges in maize infected with <EM>maize dwarf mosaic virus</EM>. In: <STRONG>Proceedings, IV All-Union Scientific Conference of Ecological Genetics of Plants, Animals and Human</STRONG>. Kishinev, November 20-21. P.51-53. </P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., Tertyak, D.D., Sathya Prasad M. 1990. Localization of <EM>maize dwarf mosaic virus</EM> in reproductive organs of infected maize plants during ontogeny. <STRONG>Russian Agricultural Biology</STRONG> 4:192-195.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., Tertyak, D.D. 1989. Determination of potyvirus recovered from maize and study of its locations in reproductive organs of infected plants using immune electron microscopy assay. In: <STRONG>Influence of Phytopathogenesis on Reproductive System of Host Plants</STRONG>. Published by Shtiintsa, Kishinev, Moldova p.73-79.</P> 
<P>Nemchinov, L.G., Buzhoreanu, V.V. and Tertyak, D.D. 1988. Effect of <EM>maize dwarf mosaic virus</EM> on ultra structure of maize anthers. <STRONG>Izvestiya Academii Nauk MSSR</STRONG> 4:19-</P> 
<P><STRONG>Patent applications and inventions reports</STRONG></P> 
<P>Development of a plant derived recombinant subunit vaccine candidate against <EM>Hepatitis C Virus</EM>. Lev G. Nemchinov and Jerry M. Keith (NIDCR). DHHS Reference No. E-249-01/0</P> 
<P>Bovine CD14 receptor produced in plants reduces severity of intramammary bacterial infection. Patent application # S.N. 11/149,156. </P>

Last Modified: 8/13/2016
Footer Content Back to Top of Page