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William P Kustas (Bill)


 photo of Bill Kustas  William P. Kustas, Ph.D.
Research Hydrologist
USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory
Bldg. 007, Rm. 104, BARC-West
Beltsville, MD 20705-2350 USA
Voice: (301) 504-8498
Fax: (301) 504-8931


Research Interests: (click here to see a list of current research projects)


Professional Experience:


Professional Service:


Selected Publications: (Over 200 scientific publications of which 135 appear in peer reviewed journals and book chapters.  Please contact the author to determine reprint availability.)

(view author's publications/interpretive summaries/technical abstracts since 1999)

Kustas, W. P. and Brutsaert, W. Wind profile constants in a neutral atmospheric boundary layer over complex terrain. Boundary-Layer Meteorology. 34:35-54. 1986.

Kustas, W. P. and Brutsaert, W. Virtual heat entrainment in the mixed layer over very rough terrain. Boundary-Layer Meteorology. 38:141-157. 1986.

Kustas, W. P. and Brutsaert, W. Budgets of water vapor in the unstable boundary layer over rugged terrain. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology. 26:607-620. 1987.

Kustas, W. P. and Daughtry, C. S. T. Estimation of the soil heat flux/net radiation ratio from spectral data. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 49:205-223. 1990.

Kustas, W. P. Estimates of evapotranspiration with a one- and two-layer model of heat transfer over partial canopy cover. Journal of Applied Meteorology 29:704-715. 1990.

Kustas, W. P., Schmugge, T. J., Humes, K. S., Weltz, M. A., Moran, M. S., Jackson, T. J., and Parry, R. Relationships between evaporative fraction and remotely sensed vegetation index and microwave brightness temperature for semiarid rangelands. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 32:1781-1790. 1993.

Kustas, W. P. and Goodrich, D. C. Preface to special section on Monsoon '90. Water Resources Research. 30(5):1211-1225. 1994.

Kustas, W. P., Humes, K. S., Norman, J. M., and Moran, M. S. Single-and dual-source modeling of surface energy fluxes with radiometric surface temperature. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 35:110-121. 1995.

Kustas, W. P., Hipps, L. E., and Humes, K. S. Calculation of basin-scale surface fluxes by combining remotely sensed data and atmospheric properties in a semiarid landscape. Boundary.-Layer Meteorology. 73:105-124. 1995.

Kustas, W. P. and Norman, J. M. A two-source approach for estimating turbulent fluxes using multiple angle thermal infrared observations. Water Resources Research. 33:1495-1508. 1997.

Kustas, W. P., Zhan, X., and Schmugge, T. J. Combining optical and microwave remote sensing for mapping energy fluxes in a semiarid watershed. Remote Sensing of Environment. 64:116-131. 1998.

Kustas, W. P., and Norman, J. M. Evaluation of soil and vegetation heat flux predictions using a simple two-source model with radiometric temperatures for partial canopy cover. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 94:13-29, 1999.

Kustas, W. P., Prueger, J. H., Humes, K. S., and Starks, P. J. Estimation of surface heat fluxes at field scale using surface layer versus mixed layer atmospheric variables with radiometric temperature observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 38: 224-238, 1999.

Norman, J.M., Kustas, W. P., Prueger, J.H., and Diak, G.R. Surface flux estimation using radiometric temperature: a dual temperature difference method to minimize measurement error. Water Resources Research. 36:2263-2274. 2000.

Kustas, W. P. and Norman. J. M. Evaluating the effects of sub-pixel heterogeneity on pixel average fluxes. Remote Sensing of Environment. 74:327-342. 2000.

Kustas, W. P., Jackson, T. J. , French, A. N., and MacPherson, J. I. Verification of patch and regional scale energy balance estimates derived from microwave and optical remote sensing during SGP97. Journal of Hydrometeorology. 2(3):254-273. 2001.

Albertson, J. D., Kustas, W.P., and Scanlon, T. M. Large eddy simulation over heterogeneous terrain with remotely sensed land surface conditions. Water Resources Research. 37(7):1939-1953. 2001.

Kustas, W. P., Prueger J. H. , and Hipps. L.E. Impact of using different time-averaged inputs for estimating sensible heat flux of riparian vegetation using radiometric surface temperature. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 41:319-332. 2002.

Kustas W. P., Bindlish, R., French, A. N., and Schmugge, T. J. Comparison of energy balance modeling schemes using microwave-derived soil moisture and radiometric surface temperature. Water Resources Research 30:1039-1049. 2003.

Kustas, W. P., and Albertson, J.D. Effects of surface temperature contrast on land-atmosphere exchange: A case study from Monsoon 90. Water Resources Research. 39(6), 1159. DOI:10.1029/2001WR001226. 2003.

Kustas, W. P., Anderson, M.C. , Norman, J.N., and French, A.N. Estimating subpixel surface temperatures and energy fluxes from the vegetation index-radiometric temperature relationship. Remote Sensing of Environment. 85:429-440. 2003.

Anderson, M.C., Kustas, W.P., and Norman, J.M., Upscaling and downscaling - a regional view of the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum, Agronomy Journal. 95:1408-1423. 2003.

Kustas, W. P., Norman, J. M. , Schmugge, T. J., and Anderson, M. C. Mapping surface energy fluxes with radiometric temperature. Chapter 7 in: Thermal Remote Sensing in Land Surface Processes (Editors D. Quattrochi and J. Luvall), pp. 205-253. 2004. CRC Press Boca Raton, Florida, USA.

Kustas, W. P., Li, F., Jackson, T.J., Pruger, J.H., MacPherson, J.I., Wolden, M. Effects of remote sensing pixel resolution on modeled energy flux variability of croplands in Iowa. Remote Sensing of Environment. 92:535-547. 2004.

Crow, W.T., Kustas, W.P. Utility of assimilating surface radiometric temperature observations for evaporative fraction and heat transfer coefficient retrieval. Boundary-Layer Meteorology. 115: 105-130. 2005.

Kustas, W. P., Anderson, M.C., French, A.N., Vickers, D. Using a remote sensing field experiment to investigate flux-footprint relations and flux sampling distributions for tower and aircraft-based observations. Advances in Water Resources. 29:355-368. 2006.

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