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How To Apply
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Use the links below to learn more about applying for Federal positions:

Application Submission
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Employment of Non-citizens
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The Office of Personnel Management website includes the most comprehensive information about Employment of Non-Citizens in the Federal government.


Qualifications and What They Mean
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The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) strives to hire the best qualified people for its positions. The Federal Office of Personnel Management establishes basic qualifications for every occupation in the Federal Government.

ARS vacancy announcements:

  • Describe the minimum qualifications required for each position.
  • Detail any other qualifications, called selective factors, which candidates must also have to be considered eligible for each position.

    Don't apply for a position if you don't meet both the required minimum qualifications and any selective factors described in the vacancy announcement.

    If you do meet both the minimum qualifications and selective factors, you may use your experience and education to write the required response to the qualifications, which are listed in the vacancy announcement.

    Your experience and education help to make you "basically qualified" for some positions and "highly qualified" for others.

    As long as you meet the minimum qualifications and the selective factors, the closer your experience and education match the position's requirements, the better your chance to be rated "highly qualified."


  • Tips for Tackling the Federal Application Process
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    Interested in applying for a Federal position but no clue where to start, intimidated by the process, and unsure what is needed in your Federal application?  Let us help!  Follow these simple tips to help you through the process.

    Read the Tips for Tackling the Federal Application Process to get hints on making the process work better for you.