USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21284
SELECTION: Selected by a farm bailiff named Smith on Musgrave Hilton's farm at Bramling in the parish of Ickham near Canterbury, England; this hop was grown extensively by in 1865.
PRIMARY SITE: USDA Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis, Oregon
ORIGIN: England; obtained from J.I. Haas Hop Farms Ltd. Sardis, BC, Canada
DATE RECEIVED: April 1981 (USDA Accession number assigned in 1981)
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety in Canada and England
REFERENCES: Burgess, A. H. 1964. Hops, Botany, Cultivation and Utilization. Interscience Publishers Inc., New York, NY. p. 39.
USDA Annual Report of Hop Investigations for 1981, pp. 9-30.
LEAF COLOR: Medium green
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible
Verticillium Wilt: unknown
VIGOR: Poor, tends to have spotty regrowth (sleepers) in the spring.
YIELD: Low (600-1000 lbs/acre)
SIDE ARM LENGTH: 12 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 5.8%
BETA ACIDS: 3.0%
STORAGE STABILITY: Good (retained 76% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.90 ml/100 g
MAJOR TRAITS: European aroma characteristics.
OTHER INFORMATION: This hop was a major hop variety in England at the turn of the century but is now gradually disappearing because of low yields; grown commercially near Sardis, BC primarily for Canadian breweries interested in aroma hops.