USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21173
SELECTION: Unknown, probably old German landrace
PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably related to Hersbrucker
PRIMARY SITE: USDA World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm
ORIGIN: Unknown, probably selection from an old landrace
DATE RECEIVED: Spring 1977
METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes
AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety
REFERENCES: Wagner, T. 1978. Gene pools of Hop Countries. Institute for Hop Research, Zalec, Yugoslavia; p. 32.
MATURITY: Medium early to medium late
LEAF COLOR: Green to dark green
DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately resistant
Verticillium wilt: tolerant to resistant
VIGOR: Good to poor
YIELD: 800 lbs/acre near Corvallis, probably higher in the Alsace area of France where it is grown commercially
SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-24 inches
ALPHA ACIDS: 4.8% (8-year range 4.1-57%)
BETA ACIDS: 3.3% (8-year range 2.5-3.9%)
STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good (retains 70% of original alpha acids after 6 months room temperature storage)
OIL: 0.9 ml/100 g, H/C = 2.80, humulene 28-32% of the oil
MAJOR TRAITS: Fine European type aroma, similar to hops from the Saaz group of varieties, but higher cohumulone content.
OTHER INFORMATION: May be related to the German Spalter, but the relationship is unclear. Grown commercial on limited acreage in the Alsace area of France, but acreage is declining due to low yields.