Codling Moth and Pome Fruit Pests
- Reduce broad spectrum neurotoxic insecticide use
- maintain yields.
- mating disruption
- natural enemies
- early season Bt
- sterile males
- resistant cultivars
Extent of Implementation
Fiscal Years 1995-1999
- 1995 - five sites (California, Oregon, Washington), 68 growers, 3,109 acres
- 1999 - 22 sites, more than 600 growers, 21,000 acres in project
- Fiscal Year 2000 Phase III support
Results to Date
- Pesticide (azinphos-methyl) use declined.
- Natural enemies increased.
- Secondary pests declined.
- Fruit damage below 0.1% economic threshold.
- First generation moths were reduced more than 80%, then to almost undetectable levels.
- Cost of control less than in orchards with conventional pesticides in final assessment.
- Adoption to date amounts to about 75,000 acres.