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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Investigation of Stream-Aquifer Interactions Using a Coupled Surface-Water and Ground-Water Flow Model

item Vionnet, L. - UNIV. OF ARIZONA
item Maddock, T. - UNIV. OF ARIZONA
item Goodrich, David

Submitted to: Trans American Geophysical Union
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: November 12, 1996
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: A finite element numerical model is developed for the modeling of coupled surface-water flow and ground-water flow. The mathematical treatment of subsurface flows follows the confined aquifer theory or the Dupuit approximation for unconfined aquifers whereas surface-water flows are treated with the kinematic wave approximation for open channel flow. In this work, a mathematical expression similar to Ohm's law is used to simulate the interacting term between the two major hydrological components. Contrary to the standard approach, the coupling term is incorporated through a boundary flux integral. The fast time scale characteristic of surface-water flows and the slow time scale characteristic of ground-water flows are clearly established, leading to the definition of three dimensionless parameters, namely, a Peclet number that inherits the disparity between both time scales, a flow number that relates the pumping rate and the streamflow, and a Biot number that relate the conductance at the river-aquifer interface to the aquifer conductance. The model, implemented in the Bill Williams River Basin, reproduces the observed streamflow patterns and the ground-water flow patterns.

Last Modified: 4/21/2015
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