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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Evaluation of Resistance of Sugarbeet Seedlings to Aphanomyces Cochlioides:conditions Affecting Disease Severity in a Model System.

Authors
item Halloin, John
item Johnson, David - MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY
item Ganoff, Debora - MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY
item Lammers, Allan - MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Journal of Sugarbeet Research
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 6, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Aphanomyces cochlioides causes damping-off of sugarbeet seedlings throughout U. S. Production areas. We present a method for uniform production and inoculation of seedlings and evaluation of disease severity. Seeds of a susceptible variety were placed on moist germination papers which were then folded and rolled to form cylindrical "rag dolls"; these were kept under constant light at 22oC for 4 days. Seedlings longer than 5 cm were transferred in groups of 25 to water (controls) or to suspensions of A. Cochlioides zoospores and incubated for 10 minutes. They were placed in new "rag dolls", incubated in growth chambers at 15, 20, 25, or 30oC for 5 days under constant light, and were evaluated for disease development 1, 3, and 5 days after inoculation. Disease severity was rated on a scale of 0 to 4 (0 = no disease, 1 = 1 to 25%, and 4 = >75% of tissue rotted). Inoculated seedlings incubated at 30oC had mean ratings of ca. 4 after 3 days, whereas seedlings at 15oC were moderately diseased (mean score ca. 2) after 5 days. The rate of disease development was intermediate at 20 and 25oC. Occasional symptoms observed on control seedlings usually were attributed to breakage during handling. These methods provide a useful means for assessment of disease development in large populations of seedlings. Future experiments will use these methods to discriminate between resistant and susceptible varieties and to select resistant individuals for breeding purposes.

Last Modified: 10/20/2014
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