|Burke, D - USDA-ARS (RETIRED)|
|Silbernagel, M - USDA-ARS (RETIRED)|
|Koehler, H - WSU (RETIRED)|
Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: November 30, 1994
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: 'Kardinal'light red kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) (PI 578269) was developed by the USDA-ARS in cooperation with Washington State University. In September 1986, Kardinal was jointly released by the USDA-ARS, Washington State University, and the University of Idaho. Kardinal is an F10 selection from the parentage 'Manitou'/5/'Pinto UI-114'/3/'Pinto UI- 112'/2/UI-112/PI 203958/4/'Jacob's Cattle'. It is unique among light red kidney bean varieties in being resistant to the curly top virus and also carrying the dominant I gene for hypersensitive resistance to bean common mosaic virus. Like all other kidney-type bush cultivars, it is highly susceptible to fusarium root rot. Kardinal has the determinate, strong, upright, red kidney bush habit, and matures in 90 to 100 days. It provides the virus resistance needed in the Pacific Northwest where curly top and mosaic are serious hazards to susceptible cultivars. Kardinal was tested extensively in Washington and Idaho as K333 and 6RK333. In 1986, it was tested in the interregional cooperative dry bean nursery at 17 to 18 locations in the USA and Canada. Seed yields, size, and color of Kardinal were comparable to those of the best commercial cultivars. The seeds are straight, some with blocky ends. Cooking tests indicated that it produces an acceptable canned product. Breeder and foundation seed of Kardinal are maintained by the Washington State Crop Improvement Assoc., Inc., 114 N. 5th Ave., Yakima, WA 98902-2642, and by the Idaho Crop Improvement Assoc., Inc., 1641 S. Curtis Rd., Boise, ID 83705. Publ. in Crop Sci. 35:944. 1995.