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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: NEW AND IMPROVED CULTURAL PRACTICES FOR SUSTAINABLE SUGARCANE PRODUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Location: Sugarcane Research Unit

Title: Sugarcane cultural practices to increase profits

Author
item Viator, Ryan

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 9, 2013
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Multiple experiments were initiated in an effort to reduce costs, increase ratooning, and maximize profits. A new method of mechanical removal using a modified rake produced yields similarly to burning, with both yielding an additional 1000 lbs/A than full retention. Where burning was not an option, additional nitrogen did increase yields relative to traditional rates. Four years of data on first and second stubble HoCP 96-540 indicated that adding 2-4 inches of soil at layby increased yields by 500 lb/A each year. New serrated blades increased stubble yields by over 1000 lb/A when compared to cane harvested with conventional bottom blades the previous crop; this test will be repeated on large plots in multiple locations. Flood tolerance screening revealed that L 03- 371 and HoCP 04-838 are extremely sensitive to standing water with yield losses of 2000 lb/A with flooding relative to adequate drainage.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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