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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BIOLOGICAL, MICROCLIMATE, AND TRANSPORT PROCESSES AFFECTING PEST CONTROL APPLICATION TECHNOLOGY

Location: Application Technology Research Unit

Title: Development of a real-time chemical injection system for air-assisted variable-rate sprayers

Authors
item Shen, Yue -
item Zhu, Heping
item Liu, Hui -
item Chen, Yu -
item Ozkan, Erdal -

Submitted to: Symposium Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: August 10, 2013
Publication Date: August 20, 2013
Citation: Shen, Y., Zhu, H., Liu, H., Chen, Y., Ozkan, E. 2013. Development of a real-time chemical injection system for air-assisted variable-rate sprayers. Symposium Proceedings. In: Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual Meeting,July 21-24, 2013, Kansas City, Missouri. ASABE Paper No. 131594669.http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/aim.20131594669.

Technical Abstract: A chemical injection system is an effective method to minimize chemical waste and reduce the environmental pollution in pesticide spray applications. A microprocessor controlled injection system implementing a ceramic piston metering pump was developed to accurately dispense chemicals to be mixed with water proportionally in real time for air-assisted variable-rate sprayers used in nurseries and orchards. Differently from conventional direct in-line injection systems, the new system mixed water and chemicals in an injection chamber first and then transferred the spray mixture into two small transition tanks for the sprayer pump to discharge. The mixture concentration in the transition tanks was maintained as a constant for simplifying chemical pumping process when the sprayer was providing variable-rate outputs. A touch screen integrated with an embedded computer was used to allow the operator to interface with the injection system. Experiments were conducted with various viscous fluids to verify the system accuracy and reliability.

Last Modified: 10/31/2014
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