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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Genomic Approaches and Genetic Resources for Improving Rice Yield and Grain Quality

Location: Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center

Title: Rice root physiological and morphological traits of diverse genotypes grown in different media

Authors
item Chittoori, Ratnaprabha -
item Pinson, Shannon
item Tarpley, Lee -

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 1, 2012
Publication Date: October 21, 2012
Repository URL: http://https://a-c-s.confex.com/crops/2012am/webprogram/Paper73009.html
Citation: Chittoori, R., Pinson, S.R., Tarpley, L. 2012. Rice root physiological and morphological traits of diverse genotypes grown in different media. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Agronomy Abstracts. Cincinatti, OH. Oct. 21-24, 2012 Paper number: 97-8.

Technical Abstract: Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is currently grown in 200 countries and supports one-half of the human population. It is a staple food and the chief source of nutrition in developing countries of South America, Asia and Africa. Plant roots influence mineral uptake and may influence rice grain mineral composition and, in turn, roots may be influenced by the growing medium. The objective of this study was to compare differences in root traits of 24 diverse genotypes grown in different media. The 24 genotypes were selected for this study based on their extreme grain mineral composition exhibited in a prior field study. Six replications of the genotypes were grown in aerated hydroponics and four replications were grown in sand culture medium in a growth chamber. Preliminary study indicated seedlings developed faster in sand culture than in hydroponics. To synchronize growth stage between the studies, each study was harvested when the average of six seedlings of Lemont, a check cultivar, reached 3.5 leaves. At harvest, seedlings were thoroughly washed and digitally imaged by scanning so that root morphological traits could be quantified using WinRhizo Pro software (Regent Instruments, Canada). Root respiration was spectrophotometrically measured by treating roots with naphthylamine and quantifying naphthylamine oxidation. Genetic effects were larger than media effects upon many of the root traits (fresh/dry weights, length, volume, area/surface area, and root respiration) and shoot traits (plant height, number of leaves, redox, photosynthesis, tillers, and fresh/dry weights), thus indicating the value of using multiple growth media as part of a study examining root traits influencing other plant traits such as mineral uptake and grain composition.

Last Modified: 12/20/2014
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