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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: VEGETABLE OIL-BASED FUELS, ADDITIVES AND COPRODUCTS

Location: Bio-oils Research Unit

Title: Fatty acid composition as a tool for screening alternative feedstocks for production of biodiesel

Author
item Moser, Bryan

Submitted to: American Chemical Society National Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 22, 2013
Publication Date: September 8, 2013
Citation: Moser, B.R. 2013. Fatty acid composition as a tool for screening alternative feedstocks for production of biodiesel [abstract]. American Chemical Society National Meeting & Exposition & Exposition, September 8-12, 2013, Indianapolis, IN.

Technical Abstract: Fatty acid (FA) composition was used as a screening tool for the selection of feedstocks high in monounsaturated content for evaluation as biodiesel. The feedstocks were ailanthus (Ailanthus altissima), anise (Pimpinella anisum), arugula (Eruca vesicaria), camelina (Camelina sativa), coriander (Coriandrum sativum), cress (Lepidium sativum), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense), hazelnut (genus Corylus), Indian cress (Tropaedum majus), meadowfoam (Limnanthes alba), shepherd's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris), upland cress (Barbarea verna), and walnut (genus Juglans). Fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) were prepared from feedstocks with monounsaturated FA contents in excess of approximately 60%. Anise (64.4% monounsaturated FAs), arugula (69.8%), coriander (77.4%), field pennycress (55.6%), meadowfoam (76.7%), upland cress (64.8%), and hazelnut (79.0%) oils were selected based on their FA profiles. Camelina and walnut oils were selected as antagonists to the FA profile tool, as they had polyunsaturated FAME contents of 54.3% and 89.4%. The following properties were measured: oxidative stability, cold flow, viscosity, energy content, specific gravity, iodine value, acid value, glycerol content, cetane number, as well as sulfur and phosphorous content. This work summarizes those results and comments on the utility of the FA profile as a screening device for feedstock selection.

Last Modified: 11/28/2014
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