Location: Aquatic Animal Health Research
Title: Evaluation of an in vitro cell assay to select attenuated bacterial mutants of Aeromonas hydrophila and Edwardsiella tarda to channel catfish Authors
Submitted to: Annual Meeting World Aquaculture Society
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: August 17, 2012
Publication Date: February 21, 2013
Citation: Wei Pridgeon, Y., Klesius, P.H., Mu, X. 2013. Evaluation of an in vitro cell assay to select attenuated bacterial mutants of Aeromonas hydrophila and Edwardsiella tarda to channel catfish. Proceedings of Aquaculture 2013. p. 875. Technical Abstract: Both Aeromonas hydrophila (causative agent of motile aeromonas septicemia) and Edwardsiella tarda (causative agent of enteric septicemia) are Gram-negative bacteria widely distributed in aquatic environments, affecting many fish species worldwide, including channel catfish and tilapia. To control bacterial diseases, feeding infected fish with antibiotics-medicated food is a general practice. However, currently there are only three FDA approved antibiotics for use in aquaculture: oxytetracycline, sulfadimethoxine, and aquafluor. The widespread use of the limited number of antibiotics for treating bacteria diseases in aquaculture has led to the development of antibiotic resistance in many fish pathogens, including A. hydrophila and E.tarda. Therefore, alternative control method such as the use of vaccines is urgently needed. To develop novel attenuated vaccines against bacteria such as A. hydrophila and E. tarda, large numbers of mutants are usually generated. To determine whether any of these mutants are attenuated, in vivo virulence studies using live fish are routinely performed. However, in vivo virulence studies for large number of mutants require many fish and aquariums as well as large quantity of water, which can be quite expensive. To reduce the cost involved in the in vivo virulence study using live fish, an in vitro method is urgently needed. Using catfish gill cells G1B, the feasibility of using an in vitro assay instead of in vivo virulence assay using live fish to select attenuated bacterial mutants was evaluated in this study. Pearson correlation analysis between in vitro virulence to G1B cells and in vivo virulence of Aeromonas hydrophila and Edwardsiella tarda revealed that there was a significant correlation between the two (r = - 0.768, P value = 3.7 X 10 -16) (Figure 1). This in vitro cell assay might be initially used to screen large quantities of bacteria to select attenuated mutants of catfish pathogens. The use of this in vitro cell assay using catfish gill cells to identify attenuated mutants of catfish pathogens will reduce cost associated with the in vivo fish virulence assay.