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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCING BIOFUELS AND COPRODUCTS FROM LIGNOCELLULOSIC FEEDSTOCKS

Location: Bioenergy Research Unit

Title: Simultaneous bioconversion of barley straw to butanol and product recovery: use of concentrated sugar solution and process integration

Authors
item Qureshi, Nasib
item Saha, Badal
item Cotta, Michael

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 29, 2013
Publication Date: May 2, 2013
Citation: Qureshi, N., Saha, B.C., Cotta, M.A. 2013. Simultaneous bioconversion of barley straw to butanol and product recovery: use of concentrated sugar solution and process integration [abstract]. Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. Poster 3-29.

Technical Abstract: As a result of increased gasoline prices, we focused on the production of butanol which contains more energy than ethanol on per gallon (or kg) basis from cellulosic agricultural biomass such as wheat straw using two different systems: i) separate hydrolysis, fermentation, and recovery (SHFR), and ii) simultaneous saccharification, fermentation and recovery (SSFR). Furthermore, use of barley straw and corn stover hydrolyzates was investigated which proved to be more difficult to support cell growth and fermentation as they were toxic to the culture. All the investigated feedstocks proved to be different in terms of their pretreatment requirements, digestibility using enzymes, and fermentation characteristics. In these investigations barley straw hydrolyzate was fermented and product was removed simultaneously. Barley straw was pretreated with dilute sulfuric acid at 121 oC for 1 h followed by hydrolysis using enzymes. The hydrolyzate was supplemented with additional sugar to raise sugar level in the reactor followed by simultaneous fermentation to butanol and recovery (SHFR). This way the process was integrated and concentrated barley straw hydrolyzate was successfully fermented using Clostridium beijerinckii P260 which resulted in utilization of 100% sugars present in the reactor.

Last Modified: 4/16/2014
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