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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHARACTERIZATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF PLANT RESISTANCE TO WATER-DEFICIT AND THERMAL STRESSES Title: Near-Continuous Seasonal Canopy Temperature as a proxy for water use in field grown cotton

Authors
item Mahan, James
item Mahan, James
item Young, Andrew -
item Payton, Paxton

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 1, 2012
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Cotton, as an indeterminate crop, responds to variation in irrigation water supply in a relatively complex manner. Both the amount of water and the pattern of its application over the season influence the growth and development of the crop with potentially important interactions between yield and quality. The determination of water use by cotton is potentially complex in terms of both spatial and temporal variability. Inference of crop water use based on measurement of soil moisture is common. Measurements of canopy temperature provide insight into crop water use. Canopy temperature measurements provide a direct measurement of the plant that is related to its water use. In this study, canopy temperature of cotton was collected on a 15-minute interval over a 60-day period. Canopy temperature was measured in cotton grown under a vaiety of irrigation regimes in 2009 and 2010 in Lubbock, Texas. A total of 11 irrigation regimes were established in each year. The relationship between yield and water on the crop for each year was linear with similar slopes but different intercepts for each year. The utility of continuous canopy temperature as an indicator of crop water use on a seasonal timescale was investigated in terms of three canopy temperature-based indicators: mean Canopy Temperature, cumulative Leaf-to-Air Vapor Pressure Deficit, and cumulative Canopy Temperaure. All three indicators accounted for variation at least as well as water provided to the crop. Limiting the analysis to daytime canopy temperatures improved the relaitonships between canopy temperature and yield. These results suggest that canopy temperature, collected near-continuously over seasonal timescales, may provide a useful indicator of crop water use.

Last Modified: 10/26/2014
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